Chapter 407 — Veterans Loans

 

ORS sections in this chapter were amended or repealed by the Legislative Assembly during its 2014 regular session. See the table of ORS sections amended or repealed during the 2014 regular session: 2014 A&R Tables

 

 

2013 EDITION

 

VETERANS LOANS

 

BENEFITS OF VETERANS AND SERVICE PERSONNEL

 

GENERAL PROVISIONS

 

407.075     Purpose; legislative intent

 

407.085     Definitions

 

407.087     Definition of “veteran”

 

407.095     Policy against foreclosure; rules

 

407.115     Administration of loan program; rules

 

407.125     Loans to qualified person

 

407.131     Discount of principal; rules

 

407.135     Authority of department; disposition of certain moneys

 

407.145     Purchase and control of property; disbursements to protect security

 

407.155     Execution and custody of documents

 

407.165     Authority to hold certain funds received from borrower

 

407.169     Escrow accounts; standards; interest; rules

 

407.177     Loan processing and servicing contracts with lending institutions; terms; procedures

 

407.179     Additional powers delegated to lending institution; authority retained by department

 

407.181     Authority of lending institution

 

407.185     Cash flow projection; annual review; report

 

407.195     Loans not being amortized; identification; notice to borrowers

 

407.201     Required disclosure of credit information and loan terms

 

LOAN PROCEDURES AND CONDITIONS

 

407.205     Application for loan; amount of loan; limit on number of loans

 

407.215     Loan transferred by annulment or dissolution judgment excluded in determining maximum allowable

 

407.225     Investigation and processing of loan application; security; maximum amounts of loans

 

407.265     Loans for home or farm improvements; terms and conditions

 

407.275     Terms of loan to veteran and transferee

 

407.285     Rate of interest payable by certain transferees

 

407.295     Transfer to spouse; notice to department; notice of delinquent payment

 

407.305     Assumption of previous loan by eligible veteran; additional funds; maximum amount

 

407.315     Interest rate for veteran’s assumption; variable rate; effect of rate on cash flow; rules

 

407.325     Rate of interest on loans

 

407.327     Department to prescribe fixed or variable interest rates

 

407.335     Rate of interest payable by transferee; limit on transfers; rules

 

407.349     Late charges authorized for periodic payments

 

407.375     Sale of foreclosed properties; improvement in lieu of down payment; interest rate; redemption of property; rules

 

407.377     Sale or management of foreclosed property under personal services contract

 

407.385     Prohibition against using loan for purpose other than farm or home acquisition; prompt use of farm or home as principal residence; extension; exception; penalty

 

GENERAL OBLIGATION BONDS

 

407.415     Issuance of bonds

 

407.425     Factors considered before requesting bond issuance

 

407.435     Issuance of bonds for tax payment; conditions; term

 

LIFE AND MORTGAGE INSURANCE

 

407.465     Loan cancellation life insurance

 

407.475     Persons insurable under ORS 407.465

 

407.480     Definitions for ORS 407.480 to 407.490

 

407.485     Agreements for mortgage insurance; terms; amount; required coverage

 

407.490     Mortgage insurance claims; liability of department

 

FINANCES

 

407.495     Oregon War Veterans’ Fund; sources; uses

 

407.505     Loan moneys to be reserved for borrower prior to loan commitment

 

407.515     Oregon War Veterans’ Bond Sinking Account; sources; use

 

407.525     Transfer of sinking account moneys to veterans’ fund; retransfer

 

407.555     Auditing and payment of claims

 

407.565     Revolving account

 

VETERANS’ SMALL BUSINESS REPAIR LOAN PROGRAM

 

407.582     Establishment of program; eligibility; rules

 

407.585     Veterans’ Small Business Repair Loan Fund

 

MISCELLANEOUS

 

407.595     Loans not subject to execution or assignment

 

      407.010 [Amended by 1975 c.219 §1; 1977 c.383 §6; subsection (3) enacted as 1977 c.383 §9; 1979 c.176 §1; 1981 c.661 §1; 1982 s.s. 1 c.11 §10; 1983 c.445 §1; renumbered 407.085]

 

      407.020 [Amended by 1967 c.245 §1; 1971 c.221 §2; renumbered 407.115]

 

      407.030 [Amended by 1977 c.383 §8; renumbered 407.125]

 

      407.035 [1981 c.659 §7; renumbered 407.505]

 

      407.040 [Amended by 1953 c.97 §2; 1957 c.125 §1; 1963 c.163 §1; 1965 c.269 §1; 1967 c.112 §1; 1969 c.615 §1; 1971 c.221 §3; 1973 c.574 §1; 1975 c.6 §1; 1975 c.263 §1; 1977 c.676 §3; 1979 c.177 §1; 1981 c.604 §1; 1982 s.s.1 c.11 §12; 1983 c.387 §1; renumbered 407.205]

 

      407.042 [1981 c.366 §2; renumbered 407.385]

 

      407.043 [1977 c.676 §2; renumbered 407.397]

 

      407.045 [1969 c.523 §1; renumbered 407.215]

 

      407.048 [1977 c.315 §2; 1981 c.628 §1; 1982 s.s.1 c.11 §13; 1983 c.445 §4; renumbered 407.255]

 

      407.050 [Amended by 1957 c.125 §2; 1971 c.221 §4; 1973 c.574 §2; 1975 c.219 §2; renumbered 407.225]

 

      407.055 [1977 c.383 §1; 1981 c.565 §3; 1983 c.445 §5; renumbered 407.175]

 

      407.058 [1977 c.383 §3; 1983 c.445 §6; renumbered 407.235]

 

      407.060 [Repealed by 1971 c.743 §432]

 

      407.061 [1977 c.383 §4; 1983 c.445 §7; renumbered 407.245]

 

      407.063 [1981 c.387 §1; 1982 s.s.1 c.11 §14; renumbered 407.305]

 

      407.065 [1979 c.176 §3; renumbered 407.265]

 

      407.070 [Amended by 1955 c.151 §1; 1957 c.125 §3; 1969 c.615 §5; 1971 c.221 §5; 1975 c.219 §3; 1977 c.676 §4; 1981 c.387 §2; 1982 s.s.1 c.11 §17; renumbered 407.275]

 

      407.072 [1969 c.615 §3; 1971 c.221 §6; 1975 c.219 §4; 1977 c.645 §1; 1981 c.659 §5; renumbered 407.325]

 

      407.073 [1969 c.615 §4; 1971 c.221 §7; 1977 c.676 §5; 1983 c.420 §3; renumbered 407.335]

 

      407.074 [1955 c.102 §§2,3,7; 1975 c.219 §5; 1979 c.238 §1; renumbered 407.465]

 

GENERAL PROVISIONS

 

      407.075 Purpose; legislative intent. (1) The provisions of this chapter are intended to carry out the purposes of Article XI-A of the Oregon Constitution. The Legislative Assembly recognizes that its authority to define the scope and purpose of this chapter is limited by the purposes expressed in Article XI-A.

      (2) The primary purpose of this chapter is to provide loan funds to qualifying Oregon veterans for the acquisition or improvement of farms and homes. The Legislative Assembly does not intend, by any past or present enactment, to establish as a principal purpose of this chapter the providing of subsidized energy financing. [1983 c.445 §9]

 

      Note: 407.075 was enacted into law by the Legislative Assembly but was not added to or made a part of ORS chapter 407 or any series therein by legislative action. See Preface to Oregon Revised Statutes for further explanation.

 

      407.076 [1955 c.102 §§4,5,6; 1969 c.433 §1; 1979 c.35 §1; 1979 c.238 §2; renumbered 407.475]

 

      407.080 [Amended by 1975 c.219 §6; renumbered 407.135]

 

      407.085 Definitions. (1) As used in Article XI-A, Oregon Constitution, and this chapter, for the purposes of administration:

      (a) “Acquisition” means:

      (A) Purchase and improvement of a home or farm.

      (B) Payment of the balance of the purchase price and interest on a purchase contract, and the improvement of property thereby acquired.

      (C) Refinance of an existing purchase-money mortgage or mortgage in the nature thereof, and the improvement of property thereby purchased.

      (D) Improvement of a home or farm.

      (b) “Bonds” includes, but is not limited to, serial bonds, term bonds, notes, obligations, lines of credit, revolving credit agreements, loans, financing agreements or other evidence of indebtedness determined by the Department of Veterans’ Affairs, with the approval of the State Treasurer, to be necessary or desirable to provide funds for the purposes expressed in Article XI-A of the Oregon Constitution.

      (2) As used in this chapter:

      (a) “Committee” means the Advisory Committee provided for by ORS 406.210.

      (b) “Home” means any residential-type structure, including outbuildings and the real property in connection with it, if any, including long-term leaseholds, which is established, maintained and used primarily as a principal residence by the veteran.

      (c) “Improvement” means new construction or any necessary or beneficial additions, alterations or changes appurtenant to the home or farm which protect or improve the basic livability or energy efficiency of the premises.

      (d) “Mobile home” means a structure, transportable in one or more sections, which is 10 feet or more in width, and contains more than 500 square feet of living space figured on exterior dimensions of the structure, exclusive of any hitch and is designed to be used as a dwelling by one family, and which remains as personal property under the laws of this state. [Formerly 407.010; 2001 c.98 §5; 2005 c.625 §15]

 

      407.087 Definition of “veteran.” (1) As used in Article XI-A, section 3, of the Oregon Constitution, “veteran” means a person who:

      (a) Served on active duty with the Armed Forces of the United States:

      (A) For a period of more than 90 consecutive days beginning on or before January 31, 1955, and was discharged or released from active duty under honorable conditions;

      (B) For a period of more than 178 consecutive days beginning after January 31, 1955, and was discharged or released from active duty under honorable conditions;

      (C) For 178 days or less and was discharged or released from active duty under honorable conditions because of a service-connected disability;

      (D) For 178 days or less and was discharged or released from active duty under honorable conditions and has a disability rating from the United States Department of Veterans Affairs; or

      (E) For at least one day in a combat zone and was discharged or released from active duty under honorable conditions;

      (b) Received a combat, expeditionary or campaign ribbon or medal for service in the Armed Forces of the United States and was discharged or released from active duty under honorable conditions; or

      (c) Is receiving a nonservice-connected pension from the United States Department of Veterans Affairs.

      (2) As used in subsection (1) of this section, “honorable conditions” has the meaning given that term in rules adopted by the Department of Veterans’ Affairs. [Formerly 407.090 (Reassigned)]

 

      Note: 407.087 [formerly 407.090 (Reassigned)] was enacted into law but was not added to or made a part of ORS chapter 407 or any series therein by law. See Preface to Oregon Revised Statutes for further explanation.

 

      407.090 (Original) [Amended by 1975 c.219 §7; 1977 c.383 §7; 1982 s.s.1 c.11 §18; 1983 c.445 §8; renumbered 407.145]

 

      407.090 (Reassigned) [2009 c.527 §1 (assigned previously used statute number in 2009); 2013 c.16 §2; renumbered 407.087 in 2013]

 

      407.095 Policy against foreclosure; rules. (1) It is the policy of the State of Oregon to make every reasonable attempt to keep a veteran in the home purchased under the loan program when the veteran is unable to make required loan payments because of illness, injury, death, involuntary job loss or economic stress due to factors beyond individual control. The Department of Veterans’ Affairs, by rule, shall implement such state policy. Rules adopted by the department under this section:

      (a) May provide for a temporary reduction of loan payment.

      (b) May provide for any other solution jointly agreed to by the borrower and the department.

      (c) Shall provide for repayment of the amount of any loan payments reduced under the rules in accordance with terms and conditions agreed upon by the borrower and the department.

      (2) In reducing loan payments under this section, the department must consider the effect of such reduction on the solvency of the program as a whole, on estimates of the most probable financial position of the program for one or more future periods, the condition of the tax exempt bond market, and the effect on other borrowers in the program. [1982 s.s.1 c.11 §3; 2005 c.625 §16]

 

      407.100 [Renumbered 407.155]

 

      407.110 [Renumbered 407.595]

 

      407.115 Administration of loan program; rules. The Department of Veterans’ Affairs shall administer the provisions of ORS 407.125, 407.165, 407.205, 407.275, 407.415, 407.495 and 407.515 to 407.565. The department may adopt all necessary rules not inconsistent with those sections to carry into effect their provisions. The department may appoint assistants and agents necessary to expeditious and efficient administration and fix their compensation. [Formerly 407.020; 2005 c.625 §17]

 

      407.120 [Amended by 1975 c.219 §8; renumbered 407.165]

 

      407.125 Loans to qualified person. All moneys in the Oregon War Veterans’ Fund created by ORS 407.495 may be advanced by the Department of Veterans’ Affairs as loans to any person qualified for loans under the provisions of section 3, Article XI-A, Oregon Constitution, for the acquisition of farms and homes, as provided in ORS 407.115, 407.165, 407.205, 407.275, 407.415, 407.495 and 407.515 to 407.565 and not otherwise. [Formerly 407.030; 1991 c.798 §6; 1995 c.238 §3; 2005 c.625 §18]

 

      407.129 [1987 c.509 §§2,3; repealed by 1993 c.159 §1]

 

      407.130 [Amended by 1967 c.369 §2; 1979 c.115 §1; repealed by 1981 c.660 §18]

 

      407.131 Discount of principal; rules. The Department of Veterans’ Affairs, by rule, may discount a portion of the principal payable to the department in connection with a home or farm loan or in connection with a purchase contract for a home or farm if such action results in economic benefit to the home and farm loan program after considering the time value of money. [1987 c.509 §4; 2005 c.625 §19]

 

      407.135 Authority of department; disposition of certain moneys. The Department of Veterans’ Affairs is authorized and empowered, in the name and in behalf of the state to commence and prosecute to judgment all suits, actions and proceedings necessary to protect the interest of the state; to bid in property offered for sale under such proceedings and to acquire title to property for and in behalf of the state as a result of such proceedings; to accept deeds from borrowers in lieu of foreclosure; to sell, transfer, convey, lease or assign any property acquired by the department for and in behalf of the state; to make repairs and improvements or alterations; to pay taxes, liens and charges of every kind superior to the lien of the state; and otherwise to administer such property in such manner as the department deems to the best interest of the state. All money received by the department from the sale, leasing or other disposition of any property shall be paid over to the State Treasurer and deposited in the Oregon War Veterans’ Bond Sinking Account. [Formerly 407.080; 1987 c.652 §3; 2003 c.576 §439; 2005 c.625 §20]

 

      407.140 [Amended by 1975 c.462 §12; 1981 c.660 §36; renumbered 407.415]

 

      407.145 Purchase and control of property; disbursements to protect security. (1) The Department of Veterans’ Affairs may acquire property by purchase when the acquisition of such property is necessary to protect the interest of the state because of default in repayment of loans made in accordance with ORS 407.125 or statutes supplementary thereof. The department shall exercise control of all the property while the title remains vested in the state.

      (2) The department may take any action and make disbursements as may be necessary to protect the securities for loans acquired under this chapter. Any disbursement so made shall be added to the amount due from the borrower and shall bear interest at the rate then fixed for home improvement loans under ORS 407.325 or at the rate on the existing loan, whichever is higher. Any such disbursement shall be made only upon order of the department.

      (3) Funds for the protection of security may be disbursed from the Oregon War Veterans’ Fund including the Oregon War Veterans’ Bond Sinking Account as the department shall determine. [Formerly 407.090 (Original); 1987 c.131 §1; 1987 c.652 §4; 1997 c.214 §1; 2005 c.625 §21]

 

      407.150 [Repealed by 1981 c.660 §18]

 

      407.155 Execution and custody of documents. All deeds, leases, contracts, releases of mortgages and other instruments necessary or proper in the administration of this chapter shall be executed in behalf of the state by the Department of Veterans’ Affairs and shall be acknowledged by the department; and all deeds, mortgages, notes, insurance policies, abstracts and other instruments, documents and papers delivered to the department in the administration of those sections shall be kept in the custody of the department. [Formerly 407.100; 2005 c.625 §22]

 

      407.160 [Amended by 1967 c.335 §49; 1967 s.s. c.19 §2; 1983 c.798 §10; renumbered 407.495]

 

      407.165 Authority to hold certain funds received from borrower. The Department of Veterans’ Affairs may receive and hold for future disposition conditional payments from borrowers who have executed mortgages and security instruments under authority of ORS 407.225, indemnities for fire losses on secured property, and such other sums as must be held by the department in suspense pending further or final disposition thereof. Said funds shall be deposited in the State Treasury in the revolving account authorized by ORS 407.565 until they can be properly applied to the purposes for which they were paid to and received by the department. [Formerly 407.120; 2005 c.625 §23]

 

      407.169 Escrow accounts; standards; interest; rules. (1) The Department of Veterans’ Affairs shall make escrow accounts available to current and future borrowers and contract purchasers in connection with loan agreements and purchase contracts made under this chapter.

      (2) Escrow accounts established under this section shall be consistent with general lending and servicing standards for real estate loan agreements in this state and with the standards used by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs and the Federal Housing Administration.

      (3) Notwithstanding ORS 86.245 (5) and (7), the Department of Veterans’ Affairs shall pay interest to a borrower or contract purchaser on funds deposited in the escrow account for the borrower or contract purchaser in the manner and at the rate of interest described in ORS 86.245 (1) to (4).

      (4) The department shall adopt such rules as the department considers necessary to establish criteria for implementation of this section.

      (5) As used in this section, “escrow account” means any account which is part of a real estate loan agreement or purchase contract, whether incorporated into the agreement or contract or as part of a separately executed document, whereby the borrower makes periodic prepayment to the department of estimated property taxes, and the department pays the charges out of the account at the due dates. [1989 c.580 §2; 1995 c.182 §4; 2005 c.625 §24]

 

      407.170 [Amended by 1967 c.335 §50; 1981 c.660 §37; renumbered 407.515]

 

      407.175 [Formerly 407.055; repealed by 1995 c.238 §8]

 

      407.177 Loan processing and servicing contracts with lending institutions; terms; procedures. (1) When the Department of Veterans’ Affairs considers such contracts necessary to improve the financial condition of the loan program conducted under this chapter, the department is authorized to enter into contracts with lending institutions under which the lending institutions may provide any of the following services:

      (a) Processing of new loans and purchase contracts; and

      (b) Management and servicing of new loans and purchase contracts.

      (2) Contracts entered into by the department under this section may provide that the lending institution:

      (a) Receive applications for loans for the acquisition of homes or farms under this chapter;

      (b) Immediately investigate and process an application for a loan as provided by law; and

      (c) For approved loans or contracts, if requested by the department, service the loan or purchase contract for a period of time specified by the department.

      (3) When a lending institution, pursuant to a contract authorized by this section, receives an application for a loan for the acquisition of a manufactured home, as defined in ORS 197.295, the lending institution shall investigate and process the application in the manner prescribed in the contract between the lending institution and the department.

      (4) When a lending institution, pursuant to a contract authorized by this section, investigates and processes a loan application that it considers eligible for approval under this chapter, the lending institution shall notify the department and state the reasons why the loan may be approved under this chapter. The department shall retain final authority to approve or disapprove the loan. If the department disapproves the loan, the department shall notify the lending institution and the applicant of the disapproval and shall indicate the reasons for the disapproval. When the department is satisfied that all requirements for approval of a loan have been met by the applicant and the lending institution and that the property offered as security for the loan protects the interests of the state, the department shall transfer to the lending institution an amount of money from the Oregon War Veterans’ Fund equal to the loan amount approved by the department. The lending institution shall disburse the money in the manner prescribed by the department. The lending institution shall record the mortgage, trust deed, contract or other security agreement relating to the loan and then shall forward all the original loan documents to the department.

      (5) All moneys received by a lending institution as payments on principal and interest for loans made under this chapter shall be paid to the department in accordance with the terms of the contract between the department and the lending institution.

      (6) The department and lending institution shall mutually agree upon the compensation to be paid to the lending institution for services performed under a contract authorized by this section. Such compensation may be a fixed annual payment or a percentage of the amount of each loan or purchase contract processed or serviced by the lending institution under the contract.

      (7) Contracts entered into under this section are exempt from the requirements of the provisions of ORS 279.835 to 279.855 and ORS chapters 279A, 279B and 279C regarding personal services contracts.

      (8) As used in this section, “lending institution” means an entity that is licensed to conduct business in the State of Oregon exclusively or in part as a mortgage lender or a conduit for mortgage loans and that, in the judgment of the department, is capable of meeting the needs of the department in carrying out this chapter. [1989 c.746 §2; 1993 c.35 §1; 1995 c.238 §4; 1997 c.802 §18; 1999 c.50 §1; 2003 c.794 §273; 2005 c.625 §§25,26]

 

      407.179 Additional powers delegated to lending institution; authority retained by department. In addition to the powers described in ORS 407.177, the Department of Veterans’ Affairs also may delegate by contract to a lending institution any of the powers granted to the department in ORS 407.165 and 407.225. The department shall retain final authority to approve or disapprove loans and interpret the duties and responsibilities of borrowers under this chapter. [1989 c.746 §4; 1995 c.238 §5; 2005 c.625 §27]

 

      407.180 [Renumbered 407.525]

 

      407.181 Authority of lending institution. In exercising the authority granted to it by ORS 407.177 to 407.181, a lending institution shall perform only the services that are delegated to it by contract entered into under ORS 407.177, and shall comply with the terms of the contract and applicable laws. [1989 c.746 §3]

 

      407.183 [1967 s.s. c.1 §2; 1967 s.s. c.19 §1; 1969 c.615 §6; renumbered 407.535]

 

      407.185 Cash flow projection; annual review; report. In addition to, and not in lieu of, the audit required by ORS 297.210 the Department of Veterans’ Affairs may contract with an independent public accountancy organization for a review of the cash flow projection for the loan program established under this chapter and Article XI-A of the Oregon Constitution and of the assumptions used in developing that projection. The review shall be conducted in accordance with the review guidelines developed by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA). Such contract shall require a written report, copies of which shall be provided to the Governor, the Secretary of State, the State Treasurer, the President of the Senate, and the Speaker of the House of Representatives by the department no later than December 31 of each year. Payment for the services required under the contract shall be paid from funds appropriated for the administration of the department. [1982 s.s.1 c.11 §4; 1989 c.489 §1; 1997 c.35 §1; 1999 c.322 §38; 2005 c.625 §28]

 

      407.186 [1967 s.s. c.1 §3; renumbered 407.545]

 

      407.190 [Amended by 1967 c.454 §45; 1971 c.80 §3; renumbered 407.555]

 

      407.195 Loans not being amortized; identification; notice to borrowers. (1) The Director of Veterans’ Affairs shall identify each farm or home loan made under this chapter with moneys from the Oregon War Veterans’ Fund which, at the current rate of payment by the borrower, is not being amortized or will not be fully amortized by the agreed to date.

      (2) The director shall notify each borrower making payments on a loan identified under subsection (1) of this section that, at the current rate of payment, the loan principal will not be fully paid by the final payment date. The notice shall also include:

      (a) The current principal balance.

      (b) The current monthly principal and interest payment.

      (c) The estimated monthly principal and interest payment necessary to reduce the principal balance to zero by the agreed to date.

      (d) The estimated time remaining until the obligation is fully paid at the current payment level and the difference between that time and the agreed to date.

      (3) The notice required under this section shall be made a part of the annual statement to borrowers for the calendar year 1989 and thereafter. [1987 c.652 §22]

 

      407.200 [Amended by 1967 c.189 §1; 1971 c.80 §4; 1983 c.740 §128; renumbered 407.565]

 

      407.201 Required disclosure of credit information and loan terms. (1) When making a loan or otherwise extending credit under this chapter with moneys from the Oregon War Veterans’ Fund, the Department of Veterans’ Affairs shall comply with Title I (Truth in Lending Act) of the Consumer Credit Protection Act, as amended (15 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.) in the same manner required for a bank or national bank, as defined in ORS 706.008, when the bank extends credit in a transaction in which a security interest in real property is or will be acquired.

      (2) In addition to the requirements of subsection (1) of this section, the department shall notify each person seeking to acquire a home or farm under this chapter, prior to the signing of a loan agreement or contract, of the variable interest rate provisions of ORS 407.275, 407.315, 407.325 and 407.335. Information required to be disclosed under this subsection includes a history of the interest rate increases on loans during the preceding 10 years and an estimate of the financial effect that an increase of one percent in the interest rate will have on the borrower’s obligation under the mortgage, contract or other security agreement. [1987 c.652 §20; 1997 c.631 §470; 2005 c.625 §29]

 

LOAN PROCEDURES AND CONDITIONS

 

      407.205 Application for loan; amount of loan; limit on number of loans. (1) Applications for loans for acquisition of a home or farm under this chapter shall be made to the Department of Veterans’ Affairs. Loans exclusive of funds disbursed under ORS 407.145 (2) and 407.275 (4) may not exceed the maximum original principal balance permitted on a single-family first mortgage loan by the Federal National Mortgage Association, as published in its announcements and subsequently included in its Selling Guide, at a rate of interest provided by ORS 407.325. An eligible individual may not receive or, under ORS 407.305, assume more than four loans under this chapter. An applicant may not borrow more than the maximum amount allowed under this section, except that when a loan is made on property that is destroyed by fire or other natural hazard, taken through condemnation or lost or disposed of for a compelling reason devoid of fault on the part of the applicant and when the loan is repaid or the property is transferred by deed or otherwise, the loan may be excluded from consideration in computing the maximum loan allowable. However, the loan right provided in this section may be restored not more than once while an unrepaid balance remains on a previous loan granted to the applicant.

      (2) For the purposes of this section, an applicant owns a home when the applicant has fee simple title to the home or is the purchaser of the home under a contract of sale or other instrument of sale. Earnest money or preliminary sales agreements, options or rights of first refusal are not contracts or instruments of sale under this subsection.

      (3) As used in this section, “home” includes mobile homes and houseboats. [Formerly 407.040; 1989 c.677 §5; 1991 c.67 §97; 1993 c.192 §1; 1997 c.36 §1; 1999 c.41 §1; 2005 c.625 §30; 2007 c.43 §1; 2013 c.227 §1]

 

      407.210 [Amended by 1963 c.9 §23; renumbered 407.575]

 

      407.215 Loan transferred by annulment or dissolution judgment excluded in determining maximum allowable. No applicant is entitled to borrow more than the maximum amount allowed under ORS 407.205 other than for reasons specified in ORS 407.205 except that when the property on which the loan was made becomes the property of the applicant’s spouse as a result of a judgment declaring a marriage void or dissolved and the loan is repaid or remains unrepaid and there is an assumption of primary liability on the loan by a party, such loan may be excluded from consideration in computing the maximum loan allowable under ORS 407.205. [Formerly 407.045; 2003 c.576 §440]

 

      407.225 Investigation and processing of loan application; security; maximum amounts of loans. (1) When the Department of Veterans’ Affairs receives an application pursuant to ORS 407.205, the department shall immediately investigate and process it as provided by law. The security for the loan shall consist of the property to be acquired by the veteran as a home or a farm. The security shall be secured by a mortgage or security agreement in the full amount of the loan which mortgage or security agreement shall be either a first lien or a lien insured by mortgagee’s title insurance against loss from any prior encumbrance. The department may make subsequent loans for improvements to the security if there are no intervening liens between the first lien of the department created under this section and the recorded liens upon the security securing repayment of such subsequent improvement loans. Such consecutive liens, for the purposes of this chapter, shall be deemed collectively as a first lien upon the security. The mortgage or security agreement shall provide that the borrower, or any subsequent owner of the secured property, may pay all or any part of the loan at any time without penalty.

      (2) A mobile home shall be secured by a security agreement in the full amount of the loan and the department shall perfect a security interest in favor of the State of Oregon. The security agreement shall provide that the borrower or any subsequent owner of the mobile home, may pay all or any part of the loan at any time without penalty. The security agreement shall provide for immediate acceleration of the unpaid balance of the loan if the mobile home is moved from the original site listed in the security agreement without first obtaining the written consent of the department. The security agreement shall also provide that removal of the mobile home to a site outside of this state shall constitute an act of default and result in immediate acceleration of the unpaid balance of the loan.

      (3) Loans may not exceed:

      (a) The maximum loan-to-value ratio or combined loan-to-value ratio permitted by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs for its Home Loan Guaranty Program (38 U.S.C. 3701 et seq.; 38 C.F.R. part 36);

      (b) 85 percent of the net appraised value on homes that are not real property; and

      (c) 90 percent of the net appraised value on farms that are real property. [Formerly 407.050; 1985 c.296 §3; 1997 c.214 §2; 2003 c.49 §1; 2005 c.20 §1; 2005 c.625 §31; 2013 c.228 §1]

 

      407.235 [Formerly 407.058; 1985 c.296 §4; repealed by 1995 c.238 §8]

 

      407.245 [Formerly 407.061; repealed by 1995 c.238 §8]

 

      407.255 [Formerly 407.048; 1987 c.652 §5; repealed by 1995 c.238 §8]

 

      407.265 Loans for home or farm improvements; terms and conditions. (1) An applicant for a loan solely for the improvement of a home or farm may receive the loan if:

      (a) The applicant has not previously received a loan under this chapter;

      (b) The applicant has received a loan under this chapter for the acquisition of that home or farm for which there is an unpaid balance and repayment has been satisfactory; or

      (c) The applicant has previously received a loan under this chapter and there is no unpaid balance remaining on that loan.

      (2) Any loan made to an applicant who qualifies under subsection (1)(b) of this section for a loan solely for the improvement of a home or farm may be added to the amount due from the applicant and shall bear interest at the rate prescribed in ORS 407.325. [Formerly 407.065; 1987 c.221 §1; 1997 c.214 §3]

 

      407.275 Terms of loan to veteran and transferee. (1) Loans may be made bearing interest at the rate per annum prescribed as provided by ORS 407.325. Loans may be amortized over a period of not more than 40 years for homes other than mobile homes. Loans for mobile homes may be amortized over a period not exceeding the expected life of the mobile home, as determined by the Department of Veterans’ Affairs. The limitations contained in this subsection do not preclude the department from later extending the amortization period.

      (2) If the ownership of the secured property is transferred by deed or otherwise to anyone other than a veteran eligible for a loan under this chapter and Article XI-A of the Oregon Constitution, the veteran’s surviving spouse or unremarried former spouse, the veteran’s surviving child or stepchild, another veteran eligible for a loan under this chapter and Article XI-A of the Oregon Constitution who assumes the previous loan for the property as described in ORS 407.305 or a governmental entity when the secured property is transferred for public use, the interest from the date of transfer shall be at the rate per annum then fixed as provided by ORS 407.335. However, the department, during the term of the loan, may periodically prescribe the interest rates to be paid by the transferee.

      (3) Ownership of property that constitutes security for a loan made to a veteran under this chapter and Article XI-A of the Oregon Constitution may not be transferred by deed or otherwise to anyone other than the veteran’s surviving spouse, unremarried former spouse, surviving child or stepchild or another veteran eligible for a loan under this chapter and Article XI-A of the Oregon Constitution who assumes the previous loan for the property as described in ORS 407.305, unless the property is used primarily as the principal residence of the transferee for at least two years after the transfer or such shorter period of time as the department for good cause may allow.

      (4) Mortgages, trust deeds or security agreements on property given to secure any loan made under ORS 407.125 or statutes supplementary thereof may provide that the taxes and insurance premiums may be paid by the department from the Oregon War Veterans’ Bond Sinking Account. The amount so paid may be added to and become part of the principal of the loan and be repaid as prescribed by the department. The department may prescribe any method or period for repayment of the amount so paid that is not in conflict with the mortgage, trust deed or security agreement. The department may prescribe any method or period for repayment of interest on the amount so paid that is not in conflict with the mortgage, trust deed, security agreement or a separate agreement with the borrower. [Formerly 407.070; 1987 c.221 §2; 1987 c.652 §6; 1987 c.767 §1; 1995 c.238 §1; 2005 c.625 §32; 2007 c.766 §1]

 

      407.285 Rate of interest payable by certain transferees. (1) Notwithstanding the repeal of section 5, chapter 11, Oregon Laws 1982 (first special session), during the term of a loan for which the interest rate was initially fixed under section 5, chapter 11, Oregon Laws 1982 (first special session), the Department of Veterans’ Affairs may periodically prescribe the interest rate to be paid by the transferee. However, the interest rate for such loans may not at any time be less than the rate initially fixed under section 5, chapter 11, Oregon Laws 1982 (first special session), nor exceed a rate per annum which is one percent higher than the rate initially fixed under section 5, chapter 11, Oregon Laws 1982 (first special session).

      (2) The department may prescribe the interest rate to be paid by the transferee at a rate greater than the rate described in subsection (1) of this section, but only to the extent necessary to avoid invoking the provisions of section 4, Article XI-A of the Oregon Constitution. [1982 s.s.1 c.11 §7; 1987 c.221 §3; 2005 c.625 §33]

 

      407.295 Transfer to spouse; notice to department; notice of delinquent payment. When an ownership interest or possession of a home or farm securing a loan received under this chapter is transferred to the spouse or former spouse of the original borrower as a result of any judicial order or judgment, the Department of Veterans’ Affairs shall be notified in writing of the transfer by the transferee not later than 30 days after the transfer occurs. If the original borrower remains obligated under the order or judgment to make the payments on the principal and interest of the loan, the department shall notify the transferee when any such loan payment is not received by the 30th day after the payment is due. [1983 c.420 §5; 2003 c.576 §441; 2005 c.625 §34]

 

      407.305 Assumption of previous loan by eligible veteran; additional funds; maximum amount. When a veteran who is eligible for a loan under this chapter and Article XI-A of the Oregon Constitution seeks to acquire a home or farm that is serving as security for a previous loan made under this chapter, the veteran may choose either to receive a new loan for the property or to assume the previous loan. If the loan balance for the loan being assumed does not exceed the amount of the veteran’s entitlement under ORS 407.205, the interest rate to be paid on the assumed loan balance shall be the rate per annum prescribed under ORS 407.315. In addition to the amount assumed, the veteran may apply for and receive additional funds to be applied to the purchase price. The interest rate to be paid on the additional funds shall be the rate per annum currently prescribed under ORS 407.325. The sum of the assumed loan balance and the additional funds shall not exceed the amount of the veteran’s entitlement under ORS 407.205 or the maximum loan amount prescribed by ORS 407.225 (3). An assumption or an assumption with additional funds under this section shall be deemed to be one loan and the veteran making the assumption or the assumption with additional funds shall be deemed to be a borrower for the purposes of ORS 407.145, 407.205, 407.215, 407.325, 407.385, 407.465 and 407.475. [Formerly 407.063; 1985 c.296 §5; 1987 c.221 §4; 1995 c.238 §6; 2013 c.228 §2]

 

      407.310 [Repealed by 1981 c.660 §18]

 

      407.315 Interest rate for veteran’s assumption; variable rate; effect of rate on cash flow; rules. (1) When a veteran assumes a previous loan under ORS 407.305, the interest rate to be paid by the veteran from the date of assumption shall be the rate per annum prescribed periodically by the Department of Veterans’ Affairs, taking into consideration the solvency of the loan program and the interest rates currently prevailing in this state for loans secured by owner-occupied residential property.

      (2) The department shall make a cash flow projection to determine if assumptions at the interest rate established under subsection (1) of this section are among the causes of a negative cash flow projection for the loan program. The cash flow projection required by this section shall be an estimate of the revenue received from the repayment of mortgages, interest earnings, administrative expenses of the loan program, payment of interest and principal on outstanding debt and other relevant factors during the period in which current outstanding bonds are required to be retired.

      (3) If the cash flow projection required under subsection (2) of this section indicates that assumptions of loans at the interest rate established under subsection (1) of this section are a cause of a negative cash flow projection for the loan program, the department, by rule and notwithstanding ORS 407.325 (2), shall increase the interest rate to be paid for loans assumed under ORS 407.305 to the lowest rate per annum that assures a positive cash flow projection, but not exceeding the rate then prescribed under ORS 407.325. [1982 s.s.1 c.11 §15; 1987 c.221 §5; 1987 c.564 §1; 2005 c.625 §35]

 

      407.320 [Repealed by 1981 c.660 §18]

 

      407.325 Rate of interest on loans. (1) The Department of Veterans’ Affairs, with the advice of the Advisory Committee, will periodically, during the term of the loan, prescribe the interest rates to be paid by the applicant, taking into consideration the current value of the money, the solvency of the loan program, and the rates’ effect on veterans. If the department, after considering the factors specified in this section, determines that there is an economic need for a higher rate of interest on loans made for the acquisition of mobile homes and houseboats, the department shall prescribe the rate of interest for the acquisition of a mobile home or houseboat at not higher than two percent more per annum than the basic rate established by this section.

      (2) Except as provided in subsection (3) of this section:

      (a) The rate of interest on loans granted on or after May 27, 1971, and originally set at five and nine-tenths percent per annum may not be increased to more than seven and nine-tenths percent per annum.

      (b) The rate of interest on loans granted on or after January 1, 1981, and originally set at seven and two-tenths percent per annum may not be increased to more than nine and two-tenths percent per annum.

      (c) The rate of interest on a loan granted on or after May 27, 1971, for the acquisition of a mobile home or houseboat originally set at seven and nine-tenths percent per annum may not be increased to more than nine and nine-tenths percent per annum.

      (3) The department may prescribe the interest rates to be paid by the applicant at a rate greater than the rates described in subsection (2) of this section, but only if the department determines, at the sole discretion of the department, that such action reduces the probability that invoking the provisions of section 4, Article XI-A of the Oregon Constitution will become necessary.

      (4) When, during two consecutive fiscal years, the cash flow projection and the review of the projection performed under ORS 407.185 indicate that the Oregon War Veterans’ Bond Sinking Account will maintain a balance throughout the term of the projections that exceeds the succeeding years’ debt service and operating expenses for the loan program, the department shall prepare a program for reducing the interest rates charged under this section in such a manner as to insure the future solvency and self-supporting nature of the loan program. However, no reduction in interest rates shall occur if the variable rate debt, if converted to a fixed rate, requires retention of the amounts in order to meet projections.

      (5) Notwithstanding the rate prescribed for acquisition of a home as provided in subsections (1) to (4) of this section, the department may periodically establish separate and distinct interest rates for home improvement loans. [Formerly 407.072; 1985 c.296 §6; 1987 c.221 §7; 1989 c.171 §48; 1989 c.728 §4; 1997 c.214 §4; 2005 c.625 §36]

 

      407.327 Department to prescribe fixed or variable interest rates. (1) The Department of Veterans’ Affairs may prescribe fixed or variable rates on the following:

      (a) Loans or purchase contracts made after September 27, 1987, for acquisition of homes or farms.

      (b) Obligations on loans or purchase contracts made on or before September 27, 1987, where ownership of the property subject to the loan or purchase contract is transferred after September 27, 1987.

      (2) The department may modify loan agreements or purchase contracts made before September 27, 1987, by changing fixed interest rates to variable or variable interest rates to fixed, if all the parties to such loan agreements or contracts agree in writing to such modification. [1987 c.221 §§11,12; 2005 c.625 §37]

 

      407.330 [Repealed by 1981 c.660 §18]

 

      407.335 Rate of interest payable by transferee; limit on transfers; rules. (1) The rate of interest referred to in ORS 407.275 (2) shall be prescribed periodically by the Department of Veterans’ Affairs, taking into consideration the solvency of the loan program and the interest rates currently prevailing in this state for loans secured by residential property. However, a transfer may not be made at a rate lower than the interest rate existing on the loan immediately prior to the transfer.

      (2) When the department considers it necessary to change the rate of interest under subsection (1) of this section, the department, after 30 days’ notice to the public, may prescribe a new rate under this section.

      (3) During the term of a loan for which the interest rate was initially prescribed under subsection (1) of this section, the department may periodically prescribe the interest rate to be paid by the transferee. However, the interest rate for such loans may not at any time be less than the rate initially prescribed under subsection (1) of this section nor exceed a rate which is one percent higher than the rate initially prescribed under subsection (1) of this section.

      (4) The department may prescribe the interest rate to be paid by the transferee at a rate greater than the rate described in subsection (3) of this section, but only to the extent necessary to avoid invoking the provisions of section 4, Article XI-A of the Oregon Constitution.

      (5) Except for a sale or transfer to the original borrower, the surviving spouse, unremarried former spouse, surviving child or stepchild of the original borrower, or a veteran eligible for a loan under this chapter and Article XI-A of the Oregon Constitution, only one sale or transfer of the property referred to in ORS 407.275 (2) is permitted after July 20, 1983. In the event of a second sale or transfer of the property, or any part thereof, the entire unpaid balance of the loan for the property may become immediately due and payable at the discretion of the department as prescribed by rule. [Formerly 407.073; 1987 c.221 §8; 1987 c.653 §1; 1989 c.490 §1; 2005 c.625 §38]

 

      407.340 [Amended by 1975 c.462 §13; repealed by 1981 c.660 §18]

 

      407.345 [1982 s.s.1 c.12 §2; 1987 c.652 §7; repealed by 1991 c.262 §1]

 

      407.349 Late charges authorized for periodic payments. When a periodic installment payment due under a loan agreement or purchase contract made pursuant to this section and ORS 407.169 or under a prior agreement or contract authorizing a late charge is not received by the Department of Veterans’ Affairs by the due date, the department may impose a late charge with respect to any such payment as prescribed in ORS 86.160 to 86.185. [1989 c.580 §3; 1997 c.40 §1; 2005 c.625 §39]

 

      407.350 [Repealed by 1981 c.660 §18]

 

      407.355 [1983 c.219 §2; 1985 c.287 §2; 1987 c.661 §2; 1991 c.262 §3; repealed by 1995 c.238 §8]

 

      407.360 [Repealed by 1981 c.660 §18]

 

      407.365 [1983 c.219 §3; repealed by 1995 c.238 §8]

 

      407.370 [Amended by 1975 c.614 §15; repealed by 1981 c.660 §18]

 

      407.375 Sale of foreclosed properties; improvement in lieu of down payment; interest rate; redemption of property; rules. (1) When the Department of Veterans’ Affairs offers for sale a home or farm obtained for and in behalf of the state under ORS 407.135 and 407.145 (1), the department shall provide notice of the proposed sale to prospective purchasers. The notice shall state the minimum bid that will be accepted.

      (2) Subject to subsection (3) of this section, the department shall accept the highest such bid or offer received during the 15-day period after a home or farm acquired under ORS 407.135 or 407.145 (1) is first offered for sale unless the person making the highest bid or offer is disqualified from such purchase based on prior credit history, inadequate income or other grounds for refusal established in rules adopted by the department. Prior to such refusal, the person making the highest bid or offer shall be given the opportunity to purchase the property for cash.

      (3) When the highest bid under subsection (2) of this section is made by a person who is not eligible for a loan under Article XI-A of the Oregon Constitution, the person who submits the highest bid or offer received from those persons eligible for a loan under Article XI-A of the Oregon Constitution shall be given the opportunity to purchase the property for the amount bid by the highest bidder. The property must be purchased by matching the highest bid within a period of time and at a place specified by rule of the department.

      (4) When the department sells a home or farm obtained under ORS 407.135 or 407.145 (1) to a person, the department may accept improvement of the property by such purchaser in lieu of other means of satisfying the requirements of ORS 407.225 (3). For the purpose of this section, all purchasers are subject to the provisions of ORS 407.225 (3). The department shall require the purchaser to provide an improvement plan containing a description of the proposed improvements to be made and the cost of the necessary work and materials. An appraiser employed by the department must certify that the ratio of the purchase price and the net appraised value of the home and farm after the proposed improvement is completed will satisfy the requirements of ORS 407.225 (3). The department may then approve the sale subject to the condition that the improvement of the home or farm be completed within 180 days after purchase. Failure by the applicant to complete the improvement within the time allowed shall be considered a breach of the purchase agreement and grounds for foreclosure by the department. Upon timely application and a showing that the improvement cannot be completed within the time allowed because of circumstances beyond the applicant’s control, the department may grant the applicant an additional period not to exceed 180 days in which to complete the improvement.

      (5) The rate of interest for a contract made for the acquisition of a home or farm obtained by the department under ORS 407.135 or 407.145 (1) shall be the rate per annum prescribed by the department.

      (6) Notwithstanding subsection (5) of this section, if the provisions of subsections (1) to (3) of this section have been complied with and no satisfactory bid has been received, the department, after considering the time value of money, may sell the home or farm at a private negotiated sale at any price or at any rate of interest, either fixed or variable, that the department considers to be necessary and prudent to sell the property and that provides an economic benefit to the home and farm loan program that is equivalent to the property being marketed at the current appraised value of the property and the rate prescribed under subsection (5) of this section.

      (7) Except as provided in this subsection, redemption of a home or farm obtained and sold by the department under ORS 407.135 or 407.145 (1) shall be made as provided in ORS 18.960 to 18.985. When the department accepts improvement of property by a purchaser in lieu of purchase money or cash down payment under subsection (4) of this section, redemption shall be made by paying an amount equal to the fair market value of those improvements actually made to the property under the improvement plan described in subsection (4) of this section, with interest thereon at the rate of nine percent per annum from the date of sale. The department shall determine the fair market value of the improvements and such amount shall be paid in addition to the amount of purchase money and interest thereon required under ORS 18.966 and 18.967. [1982 s.s.1 c.11 §2; 1983 c.184 §1; 1985 c.287 §1; 1987 c.426 §3; 1987 c.661 §§5,6; 2005 c.542 §69; 2005 c.625 §40]

 

      407.377 Sale or management of foreclosed property under personal services contract. If the Department of Veterans’ Affairs enters into any personal services contract under which any other person is authorized to sell or manage homes or farms obtained for and in behalf of this state under ORS 407.135 and 407.145 (1), then ORS 407.375 may not apply to the sale of such homes or farms by that person. [1987 c.661 §4; 2005 c.625 §41]

 

      407.380 [Amended by 1967 c.335 §51; repealed by 1980 c.17 §1 and by 1981 c.660 §18]

 

      407.385 Prohibition against using loan for purpose other than farm or home acquisition; prompt use of farm or home as principal residence; extension; exception; penalty. (1) Money received as a loan under this chapter shall be used only for the acquisition of a home or farm.

      (2) Except as provided in this section, use of all or any part of a loan received under this chapter for investment or any purpose other than the acquisition of a home or farm constitutes an act of default and results in immediate acceleration of the unpaid balance of the loan.

      (3) When the Department of Veterans’ Affairs determines that a borrower is using loan moneys in violation of this section, the department shall immediately commence any action or proceeding necessary to recover for the state those moneys or any property obtained therewith.

      (4) A failure by a borrower to move into the home or farm securing the borrower’s loan and to use it as the borrower’s principal residence within 60 days after the loan or assumption is made, or within such extension as may be granted in writing by the department, shall be conclusively presumed to constitute a violation of this section. A request for an extension for good cause shall be made in writing within the 60-day period. The applicant may file a written request for a hearing within 30 days after a denial of the request for extension.

      (5) The department may not approve any rental or lease of a home or farm that affects the federally tax exempt status of bonds issued under Article XI-A of the Oregon Constitution. When the rental or lease does not affect the federally tax exempt status of such federally tax exempt bonds, the department may approve in writing the rental or lease of a home or farm after the home or farm is used as the principal residence of the borrower. The department may establish factors to consider when determining whether to approve the rental of a home or farm. [Formerly 407.042; 1987 c.767 §3; 1991 c.262 §2; 1995 c.238 §7; 1999 c.46 §1; 2001 c.98 §1; 2005 c.625 §42]

 

      407.390 [Repealed by 1981 c.660 §18]

 

      407.395 [1953 c.595 §1; repealed by 1981 c.660 §18]

 

      407.397 [Formerly 407.043; repealed by 1985 c.296 §10]

 

      407.400 [Repealed by 1981 c.660 §18]

 

      407.410 [Repealed by 1981 c.660 §18]

 

GENERAL OBLIGATION BONDS

 

      407.415 Issuance of bonds. In order to provide funds for the purposes specified in Article XI-A of the Oregon Constitution, the Department of Veterans’ Affairs may request the State Treasurer to issue bonds in accordance with the provisions of ORS chapter 286A. [Formerly 407.140; 2001 c.98 §2; 2005 c.625 §43; 2007 c.783 §181]

 

      407.420 [Amended by 1971 c.418 §12; repealed by 1981 c.660 §18]

 

      407.425 Factors considered before requesting bond issuance. The Department of Veterans’ Affairs shall request the State Treasurer to issue bonds as provided in ORS chapter 286A whenever the department determines that bonds are to be issued under ORS 407.415. In order to meet the specific requirements of a selected group of applicants for loans under this chapter and before asking the State Treasurer to structure an issue of bonds under this authority, the Department of Veterans’ Affairs may consider factors including, but not limited to, the number of applications and loans on hand, the amount of debt that will be financed or refinanced by the issue, directly or indirectly, the solvency of the program as a whole, the current value of money, the condition of the tax exempt and taxable bond markets and the effect of the issue on all veterans. [1982 s.s.1 c.12 §4; 2001 c.98 §3; 2005 c.625 §44; 2007 c.783 §182]

      407.430 [Repealed by 1971 c.743 §432]

 

      407.435 Issuance of bonds for tax payment; conditions; term. Notwithstanding the general obligation and revenue bond limits required by ORS 286A.035, the State Treasurer may issue general obligation bonds on behalf of the Department of Veterans’ Affairs in an amount not to exceed the amount reasonably expected to be advanced for the payment of taxes for veterans each tax year. Such bonds shall mature in no more than 18 months and may be sold as determined by the State Treasurer. [1983 c.445 §11; 2007 c.783 §183]

 

      407.440 [Repealed by 1981 c.660 §18]

 

      407.445 [1982 s.s.1 c.12 §3; repealed by 1991 c.262 §1]

LIFE AND MORTGAGE INSURANCE

 

      407.465 Loan cancellation life insurance. (1) Subject to the limitations provided for in this chapter, the Department of Veterans’ Affairs may provide loan cancellation life insurance for any person described in ORS 407.475.

      (2) The insurance may insure the life of the person who receives or assumes the loan or who is the contract purchaser and the life of the spouse or former spouse of that person for all or a portion of the amount of principal and interest due on the state loan or contract. However, for each loan or contract, the lives of not more than two persons shall be insured. The State of Oregon shall be named the beneficiary of the insurance. When an individual insured under this chapter dies, the proceeds of the insurance shall be used to pay all or the insured portion of the balance of the state loan or contract, and the department shall issue a revised payment plan or a satisfaction of the loan or contract. [Formerly 407.074; 1985 c.221 §1; 1987 c.132 §1; 2005 c.625 §45; 2009 c.29 §1]

 

      407.475 Persons insurable under ORS 407.465. Any person receiving or assuming a loan or making a contract under this chapter for the acquisition of a home or farm, and the spouse or former spouse of that person, may be insured under the insurance provided for by ORS 407.465 upon complying with such rules relating to that insurance as the director may adopt. [Formerly 407.076; 1985 c.221 §2; 1987 c.132 §2]

 

      407.480 Definitions for ORS 407.480 to 407.490. As used in ORS 407.480 to 407.490:

      (1) “Insurance” means any mortgage guarantee or mortgage insurance against financial loss by reason of:

      (a) Collection activity;

      (b) Foreclosure; or

      (c) Foreclosure by the Department of Veterans’ Affairs under ORS 407.135.

      (2) “Mortgage” includes a trust deed. [1989 c.677 §2; 2005 c.625 §46]

 

      407.485 Agreements for mortgage insurance; terms; amount; required coverage. (1) The Department of Veterans’ Affairs may enter into an agreement with any public or private organization or with any federal or state governmental agency to provide insurance for qualified mortgages.

      (2) The terms of the agreement for insurance, including the amount of insurance and the premium therefor, shall be agreed upon by the department and the organization or agency.

      (3) Insurance provided under this section may not exceed coverage of the loan balance for property secured by a mortgage or trust deed to the department.

      (4) If a qualified borrower borrows an amount under this chapter that is 80 percent or less of the net appraised value of the home or farm that secures the loan, the department may approve the loan without requiring insurance. [1989 c.677 §3; 1993 c.192 §2; 1995 c.238 §2; 2005 c.625 §47]

 

      407.490 Mortgage insurance claims; liability of department. After assignment transfer and delivery by the Department of Veterans’ Affairs of all rights in the insured property to the organization or person providing insurance, the department shall not be liable to any borrower for any claim or grievance arising out of the insurance agreement or the loan agreement. [1989 c.677 §4; 2005 c.625 §48]

 

FINANCES

 

      407.495 Oregon War Veterans’ Fund; sources; uses. (1) The money arising from the sale of each issue of bonds authorized under section 2, Article XI-A, of the Oregon Constitution, shall be deposited in the State Treasury and be credited to a special fund separate and distinct from the General Fund, to be known as the Oregon War Veterans’ Fund; which fund hereby is appropriated for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this section and ORS 407.115, 407.125, 407.165, 407.205, 407.275, 407.415 and 407.515 to 407.565 and to purchase bonds issued for the purposes of such provisions. With the approval of the Department of Veterans’ Affairs, the moneys in the fund not immediately required for loaning may be invested as provided in ORS 293.701 to 293.857. The earnings from such investments shall inure to the Oregon War Veterans’ Fund.

      (2) In addition to the money arising from the sale of such bonds, the Oregon War Veterans’ Fund shall also consist of:

      (a) All moneys received as payments on principal and interest of loans made under ORS 407.125;

      (b) All moneys received as accrued interest upon bonds sold;

      (c) All moneys derived from tax levies provided for in ORS 291.445;

      (d) All moneys derived from the sale, rental or administration of property acquired by foreclosure or other proceeding, or deed;

      (e) All moneys received as interest earned on the investment of moneys in the Oregon War Veterans’ Fund;

      (f) All moneys received as proceeds from the sale of refunding bonds; and

      (g) All other moneys accruing under this section and ORS 407.115, 407.125, 407.165, 407.205, 407.275, 407.415, 407.425, 407.435, 407.555 and 407.565.

      (3) All moneys in the Oregon War Veterans’ Fund are continuously appropriated to the Department of Veterans’ Affairs for the following purposes:

      (a) To carry out the provisions of this section and ORS 407.115, 407.125, 407.165, 407.205, 407.275, 407.415, 407.425, 407.435, 407.555 and 407.565;

      (b) To purchase bonds issued for the purposes of such provisions; and

      (c) Except for moneys derived from the sale of bonds or from tax levies, for payment of expenses of the administration of this section and ORS 407.115, 407.125, 407.165, 407.205, 407.275, 407.415, 407.425, 407.435, 407.555 and 407.565.

      (4) With the approval of the department, the moneys in the Oregon War Veterans’ Fund not immediately required to provide loans for the acquisition of farms and homes may be invested as provided in ORS 293.701 to 293.857. The earnings from such investments shall be credited to the Oregon War Veterans’ Fund. [Formerly 407.160; 1987 c.652 §10; 1991 c.220 §11; 2005 c.625 §49]

 

      407.505 Loan moneys to be reserved for borrower prior to loan commitment. (1) When the Department of Veterans’ Affairs determines that an applicant’s loan may be approved in accordance with this chapter, the department, before making a loan commitment, shall reserve an amount of money in the Oregon War Veterans’ Fund equal to the amount requested by the applicant to be used only for payment to the applicant which shall be set aside in the Direct Commitment Reserve Account.

      (2) Moneys in the Oregon War Veterans’ Fund Direct Commitment Reserve Account shall be reserved as loan proceeds for an applicant under subsection (1) of this section and may not be used for any other purpose unless the applicant cancels the application for the loan prior to receipt of the loan proceeds. [Formerly 407.035; 2005 c.625 §50]

 

      407.510 [Repealed by 1967 c.421 §206]

 

      407.515 Oregon War Veterans’ Bond Sinking Account; sources; use. (1) The Oregon War Veterans’ Bond Sinking Account is created as a restricted account within the Oregon War Veterans’ Fund. The sinking account shall consist of:

      (a) All moneys received as payments on principal and interest of loans made under ORS 407.125;

      (b) All moneys received as accrued interest upon bonds sold;

      (c) All moneys derived from tax levies provided for in ORS 291.445;

      (d) All moneys derived from the sale, rental or administration of property acquired by foreclosure or other proceeding, or deed;

      (e) All moneys received as interest upon investments of the account and the Oregon War Veterans’ Fund;

      (f) All moneys received as proceeds from the sale of refunding bonds; and

      (g) All other moneys accruing under ORS 407.115, 407.125, 407.165, 407.205, 407.275, 407.415, 407.495 and 407.515 not required to be credited to the Oregon War Veterans’ Fund.

      (2) Disbursements from the sinking account shall be made upon submission of duly verified claims that are approved by the Director of Veterans’ Affairs. The Secretary of State may audit the claims in the manner that other claims against the state are audited. The moneys in the sinking account, other than those derived from tax levies and from sales of refunding bonds, are continuously appropriated for payment of expenses of administration of ORS 407.115, 407.125, 407.165, 407.205, 407.275, 407.415, 407.495 and 407.515 to 407.565. The moneys in the sinking account may be invested as provided in ORS 293.701 to 293.857.

      (3) Amounts in the sinking account shall be held and set aside separately from the amounts in the Oregon War Veterans’ Fund and any other funds or assets of this state, but such account may be accounted for as part of the Oregon War Veterans’ Fund.

      (4) The debt service reserve account within the sinking account shall be maintained as a subaccount within the sinking account dedicated to provide funds for the payment of bonds issued under authority of Article XI-A of the Oregon Constitution.

      (5) Nothing in this section shall be construed so as to impair any covenant or agreement with the holders of such bonds heretofore entered into by the director on behalf of this state with respect to the maintenance of the sinking account as heretofore constituted and any such covenant and agreement shall remain in full force and effect.

      (6) The director may create subaccounts in the sinking account necessary for appropriate administration of the director’s duties including, but not limited to, providing for the issuance, security, payment or administration of bonds or to preserve the federally tax exempt status of bonds issued on a federally tax exempt basis. The director may segregate such subaccounts from other subaccounts used for other purposes including, but not limited to, the issuance, security, payment or administration of bonds or other obligations, whether previously or subsequently issued. [Formerly 407.170; 1987 c.425 §7; 1987 c.652 §13; 1989 c.932 §4; 1991 c.220 §12; 2001 c.98 §4; 2011 c.222 §2]

 

      407.520 [Repealed by 1967 c.421 §206]

 

      407.525 Transfer of sinking account moneys to veterans’ fund; retransfer. The Department of Veterans’ Affairs may transfer moneys in the sinking account, except those derived from tax levies and those received from the sale of refunding bonds, to the Oregon War Veterans’ Fund for the home and farm loan purposes of the Oregon War Veterans’ Fund or pay the moneys directly from the sinking fund for the home and farm loan purposes of the Oregon War Veterans’ Fund. When sufficient moneys are available in the Oregon War Veterans’ Fund, the department may transfer back to the sinking account an amount not exceeding the total transferred from the sinking account to the Oregon War Veterans’ Fund or paid directly from the sinking fund for the home and farm loan purposes of the Oregon War Veterans’ Fund. [Formerly 407.180; 1987 c.652 §14; 2005 c.625 §51; 2007 c.783 §184]

 

      407.530 [Repealed by 1967 c.421 §206]

 

      407.535 [Formerly 407.183; repealed by 1987 c.652 §12]

 

      407.540 [Repealed by 1967 c.421 §206]

 

      407.541 [Repealed by 1967 c.421 §206]

 

      407.545 [Formerly 407.186; repealed by 1987 c.652 §12]

 

      407.550 [Repealed by 1967 c.421 §206]

 

      407.555 Auditing and payment of claims. Except as provided in ORS 407.415, all claims duly approved by the Department of Veterans’ Affairs, incurred in pursuance of ORS 407.115, 407.125, 407.165, 407.205, 407.275, 407.415, 407.495 and 407.515 to 407.565, shall be paid by warrants drawn upon the State Treasurer by the Oregon Department of Administrative Services upon the appropriate funds for the payment of such claims. [Formerly 407.190; 2005 c.625 §52]

 

      407.560 [Repealed by 1967 c.421 §206]

 

      407.565 Revolving account. The Oregon Department of Administrative Services is authorized to draw a warrant on the Oregon War Veterans’ Fund in favor of the Department of Veterans’ Affairs in a sum not to exceed $2 million, which sum shall constitute an advance to be used in anticipation of the verified vouchers supplied in accordance with this section; and may be used only as a revolving account, separate and distinct from the General Fund, to be maintained with the State Treasurer, for receipt and disbursement of moneys received under authority of ORS 407.165 and for payment of general operating expenses. All reimbursement vouchers for claims paid from the revolving account shall be verified by the Department of Veterans’ Affairs and presented to the Oregon Department of Administrative Services for payment. The warrants issued by the Oregon Department of Administrative Services shall be drawn in favor of the Department of Veterans’ Affairs and shall be used to reimburse the revolving account. [Formerly 407.200; 1989 c.966 §45; 2005 c.625 §53]

 

      407.570 [Repealed by 1967 c.421 §206]

 

      407.575 [Formerly 407.210; 1987 c.652 §11; repealed by 1991 c.220 §15]

 

      407.580 [Repealed by 1967 c.421 §206]

 

VETERANS’ SMALL BUSINESS REPAIR LOAN PROGRAM

 

      407.582 Establishment of program; eligibility; rules. (1) As used in this section:

      (a) “Deployment” means an act in which a person was ordered to active duty and was deployed outside the United States.

      (b) “Mobilization” means an act in which a person left the person’s home station and was transferred to a mobilization site for federal service.

      (c) “Small business” means a business that:

      (A) Is a corporation, partnership, sole proprietorship or other legal entity licensed and located in Oregon and formed for the purpose of making a profit, and that is independently owned and operated from all other businesses; and

      (B) Employs 50 or fewer persons.

      (d) “Veteran” means a person who owns a controlling interest in a small business and who, at the time of the person’s mobilization or deployment, is:

      (A) A member of the Oregon National Guard; or

      (B) A member of the reserves of the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps or Coast Guard of the United States and a resident of Oregon.

      (2) There is established in the Department of Veterans’ Affairs the Veterans’ Small Business Repair Loan Program. The purpose of the program is to assist any veteran whose small business, due to the veteran’s absence, incurred a setback during the veteran’s mobilization or deployment by providing an interest-free loan to the veteran upon the veteran’s return from mobilization or deployment. The loan shall be used by the veteran to restore the veteran’s small business, to the extent feasible, to the condition the small business was in prior to the veteran’s mobilization or deployment.

      (3) A veteran may receive a maximum of two loans under the program. Each loan may not exceed $20,000. Application for a loan must be made within 12 months after demobilization.

      (4) The department shall adopt by rule:

      (a) Criteria that a small business must meet to qualify as having incurred a business setback while the veteran was mobilized or deployed;

      (b) The application process and any necessary forms;

      (c) Terms of loan repayment; and

      (d) Other criteria and processes necessary to carry out the purposes of the program.

      (5) If a veteran is deceased as a result of the veteran’s mobilization or deployment, the unremarried surviving spouse of the deceased veteran is eligible to apply for and receive a loan to continue the veteran’s small business.

      (6) If a veteran is at the time of the loan application no longer a member of the Oregon National Guard or the reserves, the veteran must have been discharged under honorable conditions.

      (7) The Department of Veterans’ Affairs, in consultation with the Oregon Business Development Department, shall review and reject or approve loan applications submitted by veterans.

      (8) Repayments of loans made under this section shall be deposited in the Veterans’ Small Business Repair Loan Fund established under ORS 407.585. [2008 c.18 §19]

 

      Note: 407.582 and 407.585 were enacted into law by the Legislative Assembly but were not added to or made a part of ORS chapter 407 or any series therein by legislative action. See Preface to Oregon Revised Statutes for further explanation.

 

      407.585 Veterans’ Small Business Repair Loan Fund. The Veterans’ Small Business Repair Loan Fund is established in the State Treasury, separate and distinct from the General Fund. Interest earned by the Veterans’ Small Business Repair Loan Fund shall be credited to the fund. Moneys received from legislative appropriations and repayments of loans shall be credited to the fund. Moneys in the fund are continuously appropriated to the Department of Veterans’ Affairs for the purposes of funding loans under ORS 407.582. [2008 c.18 §20]

 

      Note: See note under 407.582.

 

      407.590 [Repealed by 1967 c.421 §206]

 

MISCELLANEOUS

 

      407.595 Loans not subject to execution or assignment. No right, payment or proceeds of any loan made under ORS 407.125 or statutes supplementary thereof shall be subject to garnishment, attachment or execution or the claim of any creditor; nor shall any such right or payment be capable of assignment except as may be necessary for completion of any loan applied for and then only under such rules and regulations as may be prescribed by the Department of Veterans’ Affairs. [Formerly 407.110; 2005 c.625 §54]

 

      407.600 [Repealed by 1967 c.421 §206]

 

      407.610 [Amended by 1953 c.106 §2; repealed by 1967 c.421 §206]

 

      407.620 [Repealed by 1967 c.421 §206]

 

      407.630 [Repealed by 1967 c.421 §206]

 

      407.640 [Repealed by 1967 c.421 §206]

 

      407.650 [Repealed by 1953 c.106 §2]

 

      407.660 [Repealed by 1953 c.106 §2]

 

      407.990 [Amended by 1967 c.421 §202; repealed by 1971 c.743 §432]

_______________