Chapter 197 — Comprehensive Land Use Planning

 

2023 EDITION

 

COMPREHENSIVE LAND USE PLANNING

 

MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

 

GENERAL PROVISIONS

 

197.005     Legislative findings

 

197.010     Policy

 

197.012     Compact urban development

 

197.013     Implementation and enforcement are of statewide concern

 

197.015     Definitions for ORS chapters 195, 196, 197 and 197A

 

197.020     Land use decision considerations

 

197.022     Policy regarding ORS 215.433 and 227.184

 

(Temporary provisions relating to restoration of uses destroyed by 2020 wildfires are compiled as notes following ORS 197.022)

 

LAND CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT COMMISSION

 

197.030     Land Conservation and Development Commission; members; appointment; confirmation; term; vacancies

 

197.035     Officers; quorum; compensation and expenses

 

197.040     Duties of commission; rules

 

197.045     Powers of commission

 

197.047     Notice to local governments and property owners of changes to commission rules or certain statutes; form; distribution of notice; costs

 

197.050     Interstate agreements and compacts; commission powers

 

197.060     Biennial report; draft submission to legislative committee; contents

 

197.065     Biennial report analyzing uses of certain land; annual local government reports

 

197.070     Public inspection of assessments prepared by commission

 

DEPARTMENT OF LAND CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT

 

197.075     Department of Land Conservation and Development

 

197.085     Director; appointment; compensation and expenses

 

197.090     Duties and authority of director; appealing local land use decision; rules

 

197.095     Land Conservation and Development Account

 

ADVISORY COMMITTEES

 

197.158     Policy-neutral review and audit of statewide land use program

 

197.160     State Citizen Involvement Advisory Committee; city and county citizen advisory committees

 

197.165     Local Officials Advisory Committee

 

Note          Early learning and care facilities work group--2023 c.510 §§1,3

 

COMPREHENSIVE PLANNING RESPONSIBILITIES

 

197.173     Findings regarding coordination between state agencies and local governments

 

197.175     Cities’ and counties’ planning responsibilities; rules on incorporations; compliance with goals

 

197.180     State agency planning responsibilities; determination of compliance with goals and compatibility with plans; coordination between agencies and local governments; rules; exceptions

 

197.183     Local government to notify Department of Aviation of applications received for certain water impoundments

 

197.186     Removal from buildable lands inventory of land subject to open space tax assessment; reapplication for assessment

 

197.195     Limited land use decision; procedures

 

197.200     Refinement plan; procedures for land division, site or design review within area subject to plan

 

GOALS COMPLIANCE

 

197.225     Preparation; adoption

 

197.230     Considerations; finding of need required for adoption or amendment of goal

 

197.235     Public hearings; notice; citizen involvement implementation; submission of proposals

 

197.240     Commission action; public hearing; notice; amendment; adoption

 

197.245     Commission amendment of initial goals; adoption of new goals

 

197.250     Compliance with goals required

 

197.251     Compliance acknowledgment; commission review; rules; limited acknowledgment; compliance schedule

 

197.253     Participation in local proceedings required for submitting comments and objections

 

197.254     Bar to contesting acknowledgment, appealing or seeking amendment

 

197.256     Acknowledgment deadline for newly incorporated cities

 

197.265     State compensation for costs of defending compliance actions

 

197.270     Copies of comprehensive plan and land use regulations; post review

 

197.274     Review of Metro regional framework plan

 

197.277     Oregon Forest Practices Act; exclusion

 

197.279     Approved wetland conservation plans comply with goals; exception; rules

 

197.283     Commission to assure protection of ground water resources

 

ENFORCEMENT OF PLANNING REQUIREMENTS

 

197.319     Procedures prior to request of an enforcement order

 

197.320     Power of commission to order compliance with goals and plans

 

197.324     Proceedings prior to order of compliance with goals; disclosure notice

 

197.328     Procedures to consider order to comply with goals

 

197.335     Order for compliance with goals; review of order; withholding grant funds; injunctions

 

197.340     Weight given to goals in planning practice; regional diversity and needs

 

197.350     Burden of persuasion or proof in appeal to board or commission

 

197.353     Measure 37 timelines; death of claimant

 

EXPEDITED AND MIDDLE HOUSING LAND DIVISIONS

 

197.360     “Expedited land division” defined; applicability

 

197.365     Application; notice to neighbors; comment period

 

197.370     Failure of local government to timely act on application

 

197.375     Appeal of local government to referee; Court of Appeals

 

197.380     Application fees

 

ACTIVITIES ON FEDERAL LAND

 

197.390     Activities on federal land; list; permit required; enjoining violations

 

197.395     Application for permit; review and issuance; conditions; restrictions; review

 

AREAS OF CRITICAL CONCERN

 

197.405     Designation of areas of critical state concern; commission recommendation; committee review; approval by Legislative Assembly

 

197.410     Use and activities regulated; enjoining violations

 

197.412     Enforcement powers

 

197.416     Metolius Area of Critical State Concern

 

SPECIAL DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS

 

(Oregon International Port of Coos Bay)

 

197.428     Navigational channel improvements

 

(Temporary provisions relating to transfer of development rights pilot program are compiled as notes following ORS 197.428)

 

(Speedway Destination)

 

197.431     Expansion of speedway destination site

 

197.432     Definitions for ORS 197.431 to 197.434

 

197.433     Development of major motor speedway

 

197.434     Traffic impacts of speedway destination

 

DESTINATION RESORTS

 

197.435     Definitions for ORS 197.435 to 197.467

 

197.440     Legislative findings

 

197.445     Destination resort criteria; phase-in requirements; annual accounting

 

197.450     Siting without taking goal exception

 

197.455     Siting of destination resorts; sites from which destination resort excluded

 

197.460     Compatibility with adjacent land uses; county measures; economic impact analysis; traffic impact analysis

 

197.462     Use of land excluded from destination resort

 

197.465     Comprehensive plan implementing measures

 

197.467     Conservation easement to protect resource site

 

COMMUNITY GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE GRANT PROGRAM

 

197.468     Purpose

 

197.469     Definitions for ORS 197.468 to 197.472

 

197.470     Grant program; support by intergovernmental agreements

 

197.471     Community Green Infrastructure Fund

 

197.472     Advisory committee; reports

 

MANUFACTURED AND PREFABRICATED HOUSING, RECREATIONAL VEHICLES AND PARKS

 

197.475     Policy

 

197.478     Siting of manufactured homes and prefabricated structures within urban growth boundaries

 

197.480     Planning for parks; procedures; inventory

 

197.485     Prohibition on restrictions of manufactured dwelling or prefabricated structure

 

197.488     Replacement of park destroyed by natural disaster

 

197.490     Restriction on establishment of park

 

197.492     Definitions for ORS 197.492 and 197.493

 

197.493     Placement and occupancy of recreational vehicle

 

MORATORIUM ON CONSTRUCTION OR LAND DEVELOPMENT

 

197.505     Definitions for ORS 197.505 to 197.540

 

197.510     Legislative findings

 

197.520     Manner of declaring moratorium

 

197.522     Local government to approve subdivision, partition or construction; conditions

 

197.524     Local government to adopt moratorium or public facilities strategy following pattern or practice of delaying or stopping issuance of permits

 

197.530     Correction program; procedures

 

197.540     Review by Land Use Board of Appeals

 

POST-ACKNOWLEDGMENT PROCEDURES

 

197.610     Submission of proposed comprehensive plan or land use regulation changes to Department of Land Conservation and Development; rules

 

197.612     Comprehensive plan or land use regulation changes to conform plan or regulations to new requirement in statute, goal or rule

 

197.615     Submission of adopted comprehensive plan or land use regulation changes to Department of Land Conservation and Development

 

197.620     Appeal of certain comprehensive plan or land use regulation decision-making

 

197.622     Amendments to acknowledged comprehensive plan or land use regulation after remand from Land Use Board of Appeals

 

197.625     Acknowledgment of comprehensive plan or land use regulation changes; application prior to acknowledgment

 

197.626     Submission of land use decisions that expand urban growth boundary or designate urban or rural reserves

 

197.627     Meaning of “compliance with the goals” for certain purposes

 

197.628     Periodic review; policy; conditions that indicate need for periodic review

 

197.629     Schedule for periodic review; coordination

 

197.631     Commission to amend regulations to facilitate periodic review

 

197.633     Two phases of periodic review; rules; appeal of decision on work program; schedule for completion; extension of time on appeal

 

197.636     Procedures and actions for failure to meet periodic review deadlines

 

197.638     Department of Land Conservation and Development may request review by Oregon Business Development Department of local inventory and analysis of industrial and commercial land

 

197.639     State assistance teams; alternative coordination process; grant and technical assistance funding; priority of population forecasting program; advisory committee

 

197.644     Modification of work program; exclusive jurisdiction of Land Conservation and Development Commission

 

197.646     Implementation of new requirement in goal, rule or statute; rules

 

197.649     Fees for notice; rules

 

197.650     Appeal to Court of Appeals; standing

 

197.651     Appeal to Court of Appeals for judicial review of final order of Land Conservation and Development Commission

 

COLLABORATIVE REGIONAL PROBLEM SOLVING

 

197.652     Regional problem-solving process

 

197.654     Regional problem-solving goals, actions and agreements; implementation

 

197.656     Commission approval of comprehensive plans not in compliance with goals; written statement of disapproval; participation by state agencies; use of resource lands; rules

 

197.658     Modifying local work plan

 

197.659     Commission approval of certain changes in comprehensive plans or land use regulations

 

SPECIAL RESIDENCES

 

197.660     Definitions

 

197.663     Legislative findings

 

197.665     Locations of residential homes

 

197.667     Location of residential facility; application and supporting documentation

 

197.670     Zoning requirements and prohibitions for residential homes and residential facilities

 

FARMWORKER HOUSING

 

197.677     Policy

 

197.680     Legislative findings

 

197.685     Location of farmworker housing; approval standards

 

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

 

197.707     Legislative intent

 

197.712     Commission duties; comprehensive plan provisions; public facility plans; state agency coordination plans; compliance deadline; rules

 

197.713     Industrial development on industrial lands outside urban growth boundaries; exceptions

 

197.714     Cooperation of county and city concerning industrial development

 

197.716     Industrial and employment uses in listed counties; economic opportunity analysis

 

197.717     Technical assistance by state agencies; information from Oregon Business Development Department; model ordinances; rural economic development

 

197.719     Industrial use of abandoned or diminished mill sites; amendment of comprehensive plans and land use regulations; sewer facilities

 

197.722     Definitions for ORS 197.722 to 197.728

 

197.723     Designation of regionally significant industrial areas; rules

 

197.724     Review of application for land use permit within regionally significant industrial area

 

197.726     Jurisdiction on appeal; standing

 

197.727     Fee for review

 

197.728     Rules

 

GOAL EXCEPTIONS

 

197.732     Goal exceptions; criteria; rules; review

 

(Temporary provisions relating to goals exception for rural solar power facilities are compiled as notes following ORS 197.732)

 

197.734     Exceptions to certain statewide planning goal criteria; rules

 

197.736     Commission implementation of ORS 197.340 and 197.732; rules

 

DEVELOPMENT IN URBAN GROWTH BOUNDARY

 

197.746     Transitional housing accommodations

 

197.748     Conversion of hotel or motel to emergency shelter or affordable housing

 

197.752     Lands available for urban development

 

197.754     Land identified for urban services; capital improvement plan; tax assessment

 

197.756     Farm use assessment in area identified for urban services

 

197.761     Development of residential platted lot

 

MISCELLANEOUS

 

197.768     Local government or special district adoption of public facilities strategy; public hearing; written findings

 

197.770     Firearms training facilities

 

197.772     Historic property; consent for designation; portable cooling devices allowed

 

197.782     Emergency shelters developed under temporary authorization

 

197.783     Local approval of emergency shelters; process; limitations

 

197.791     Inventory of local government surplus real property; report

 

197.794     Notice to railroad company upon certain applications for land use decision, limited land use decision or expedited land use decision

 

197.796     Applicant for certain land use decisions may accept and appeal condition imposed on application; procedure; attorney fees

 

197.797     Local quasi-judicial land use hearings; notice requirements; hearing procedures

 

197.798     Rules regulating transportation improvements by city or county

 

LAND USE BOARD OF APPEALS

 

197.805     Policy on review of land use decisions

 

197.810     Land Use Board of Appeals; appointment and removal of members; qualifications

 

197.815     Office location; proceedings may be conducted by telephone

 

197.820     Duty to conduct review proceedings; authority to issue orders; rules

 

197.825     Jurisdiction of board; limitations; effect on circuit court jurisdiction

 

197.828     Board review of limited land use decision

 

197.829     Board to affirm certain local government interpretations

 

197.830     Review procedures; standing; fees; deadlines; rules; issues subject to review; attorney fees and costs; publication of orders; mediation; tracking of reviews

 

197.831     Appellate review of clear and objective approval standards, conditions and procedures for needed housing

 

197.832     Board Publications Account

 

197.835     Scope of review; rules

 

197.840     Exceptions to deadline for final decision

 

197.843     Attorney fees for applicant developing affordable housing

 

197.845     Stay of decision being reviewed; criteria; undertaking; conditions; limitations

 

197.850     Judicial review of board order; procedures; scope of review; attorney fees; undertaking

 

197.855     Deadline for final court order; exceptions

 

197.860     Stay of proceedings to allow mediation

 

GENERAL PROVISIONS

 

      197.005 Legislative findings. The Legislative Assembly finds that:

      (1) Uncoordinated use of lands within this state threatens the orderly development, the environment of this state and the health, safety, order, convenience, prosperity and welfare of the people of this state.

      (2) To promote coordinated administration of land uses consistent with comprehensive plans adopted throughout the state, it is necessary to establish a process for the review of state agency, city, county and special district land conservation and development plans for compliance with goals.

      (3) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (4) of this section, cities and counties should remain as the agencies to consider, promote and manage the local aspects of land conservation and development for the best interests of the people within their jurisdictions.

      (4) The promotion of coordinated statewide land conservation and development requires the creation of a statewide planning agency to prescribe planning goals and objectives to be applied by state agencies, cities, counties and special districts throughout the state.

      (5) City and county governments are responsible for the development of local comprehensive plans. The purpose of ORS 195.065, 195.070 and 195.075 is to enhance coordination among cities, counties and special districts to assure effectiveness and efficiency in the delivery of urban services required under those local comprehensive plans. [1973 c.80 §1; 1977 c.664 §1; 1981 c.748 §21; 1993 c.804 §2a; 1999 c.348 §1]

 

      197.010 Policy. The Legislative Assembly declares that:

      (1) In order to ensure the highest possible level of livability in Oregon, it is necessary to provide for properly prepared and coordinated comprehensive plans for cities and counties, regional areas and the state as a whole. These comprehensive plans:

      (a) Must be adopted by the appropriate governing body at the local and state levels;

      (b) Are expressions of public policy in the form of policy statements, generalized maps and standards and guidelines;

      (c) Shall be the basis for more specific rules and land use regulations which implement the policies expressed through the comprehensive plans;

      (d) Shall be prepared to assure that all public actions are consistent and coordinated with the policies expressed through the comprehensive plans; and

      (e) Shall be regularly reviewed and, if necessary, amended to keep them consistent with the changing needs and desires of the public they are designed to serve.

      (2)(a) The overarching principles guiding the land use program in the State of Oregon are to:

      (A) Provide a healthy environment;

      (B) Sustain a prosperous economy;

      (C) Ensure a desirable quality of life; and

      (D) Equitably allocate the benefits and burdens of land use planning.

      (b) Additionally, the land use program should, but is not required to, help communities achieve sustainable development patterns and manage the effects of climate change.

      (c) The overarching principles in paragraph (a) of this subsection and the purposes in paragraph (b) of this subsection provide guidance to:

      (A) The Legislative Assembly when enacting a law regulating land use.

      (B) A public body, as defined in ORS 174.109, when the public body:

      (i) Adopts or interprets goals, comprehensive plans and land use regulations implementing the plans, or administrative rules implementing a provision of ORS chapter 195, 196, 197, 197A, 215 or 227; or

      (ii) Interprets a law governing land use.

      (d) Use of the overarching principles in paragraph (a) of this subsection and the purposes in paragraph (b) of this subsection is not a legal requirement for the Legislative Assembly or other public body and is not judicially enforceable.

      (3) The equitable balance between state and local government interests can best be achieved by resolution of conflicts using alternative dispute resolution techniques such as mediation, collaborative planning and arbitration. Such dispute resolution techniques are particularly suitable for conflicts arising over periodic review, comprehensive plan and land use regulations, amendments, enforcement issues and local interpretation of state land use policy. [1973 c.80 §2; 1981 c.748 §21a; 1993 c.792 §48; 2009 c.873 §1]

 

      197.012 Compact urban development. In areas of the state that are growing rapidly, state agencies, as defined in ORS 171.133, cities and counties should, within constraints of applicable federal law and regulations, state law and rules and local ordinances:

      (1) Consider directing major public infrastructure investments, including major transportation investments, to reinforce compact urban development; and

      (2) Consider giving priority to investments that promote infill or redevelopment of existing urban areas to encourage the density necessary to support alternative modes of transportation. [2009 c.873 §14]

 

      Note: 197.012 was enacted into law by the Legislative Assembly but was not added to or made a part of ORS chapter 197 or any series therein by legislative action. See Preface to Oregon Revised Statutes for further explanation.

 

      197.013 Implementation and enforcement are of statewide concern. Implementation and enforcement of acknowledged comprehensive plans and land use regulations are matters of statewide concern. [1981 c.884 §7]

 

      197.015 Definitions for ORS chapters 195, 196, 197 and 197A. As used in ORS chapters 195, 196, 197 and 197A, unless the context requires otherwise:

      (1) “Acknowledgment” means a commission order that certifies that a comprehensive plan and land use regulations, land use regulation or plan or regulation amendment complies with the goals or certifies that Metro land use planning goals and objectives, Metro regional framework plan, amendments to Metro planning goals and objectives or amendments to the Metro regional framework plan comply with the goals.

      (2) “Board” means the Land Use Board of Appeals.

      (3) “Carport” means a stationary structure consisting of a roof with its supports and not more than one wall, or storage cabinet substituting for a wall, and used for sheltering a motor vehicle.

      (4) “Commission” means the Land Conservation and Development Commission.

      (5) “Comprehensive plan” means a generalized, coordinated land use map and policy statement of the governing body of a local government that interrelates all functional and natural systems and activities relating to the use of lands, including but not limited to sewer and water systems, transportation systems, educational facilities, recreational facilities, and natural resources and air and water quality management programs. “Comprehensive” means all-inclusive, both in terms of the geographic area covered and functional and natural activities and systems occurring in the area covered by the plan. “General nature” means a summary of policies and proposals in broad categories and does not necessarily indicate specific locations of any area, activity or use. A plan is “coordinated” when the needs of all levels of governments, semipublic and private agencies and the citizens of Oregon have been considered and accommodated as much as possible. “Land” includes water, both surface and subsurface, and the air.

      (6) “Department” means the Department of Land Conservation and Development.

      (7) “Director” means the Director of the Department of Land Conservation and Development.

      (8) “Goals” means the mandatory statewide land use planning standards adopted by the commission pursuant to ORS chapters 195, 196, 197 and 197A.

      (9) “Guidelines” means suggested approaches designed to aid cities and counties in preparation, adoption and implementation of comprehensive plans in compliance with goals and to aid state agencies and special districts in the preparation, adoption and implementation of plans, programs and regulations in compliance with goals. Guidelines are advisory and do not limit state agencies, cities, counties and special districts to a single approach.

      (10) “Land use decision”:

      (a) Includes:

      (A) A final decision or determination made by a local government or special district that concerns the adoption, amendment or application of:

      (i) The goals;

      (ii) A comprehensive plan provision;

      (iii) A land use regulation; or

      (iv) A new land use regulation;

      (B) A final decision or determination of a state agency other than the commission with respect to which the agency is required to apply the goals; or

      (C) A decision of a county planning commission made under ORS 433.763;

      (b) Does not include a decision of a local government:

      (A) That is made under land use standards that do not require interpretation or the exercise of policy or legal judgment;

      (B) That approves or denies a building permit issued under clear and objective land use standards;

      (C) That is a limited land use decision;

      (D) That determines final engineering design, construction, operation, maintenance, repair or preservation of a transportation facility that is otherwise authorized by and consistent with the comprehensive plan and land use regulations;

      (E) That is an expedited land division as described in ORS 197.360;

      (F) That approves, pursuant to ORS 480.450 (7), the siting, installation, maintenance or removal of a liquefied petroleum gas container or receptacle regulated exclusively by the State Fire Marshal under ORS 480.410 to 480.460;

      (G) That approves or denies approval of a final subdivision or partition plat or that determines whether a final subdivision or partition plat substantially conforms to the tentative subdivision or partition plan; or

      (H) That a proposed state agency action subject to ORS 197.180 (1) is compatible with the acknowledged comprehensive plan and land use regulations implementing the plan, if:

      (i) The local government has already made a land use decision authorizing a use or activity that encompasses the proposed state agency action;

      (ii) The use or activity that would be authorized, funded or undertaken by the proposed state agency action is allowed without review under the acknowledged comprehensive plan and land use regulations implementing the plan; or

      (iii) The use or activity that would be authorized, funded or undertaken by the proposed state agency action requires a future land use review under the acknowledged comprehensive plan and land use regulations implementing the plan;

      (c) Does not include a decision by a school district to close a school;

      (d) Does not include, except as provided in ORS 215.213 (13)(c) or 215.283 (6)(c), authorization of an outdoor mass gathering as defined in ORS 433.735, or other gathering of fewer than 3,000 persons that is not anticipated to continue for more than 120 hours in any three-month period; and

      (e) Does not include:

      (A) A writ of mandamus issued by a circuit court in accordance with ORS 215.429 or 227.179;

      (B) Any local decision or action taken on an application subject to ORS 215.427 or 227.178 after a petition for a writ of mandamus has been filed under ORS 215.429 or 227.179; or

      (C) A state agency action subject to ORS 197.180 (1), if:

      (i) The local government with land use jurisdiction over a use or activity that would be authorized, funded or undertaken by the state agency as a result of the state agency action has already made a land use decision approving the use or activity; or

      (ii) A use or activity that would be authorized, funded or undertaken by the state agency as a result of the state agency action is allowed without review under the acknowledged comprehensive plan and land use regulations implementing the plan.

      (11) “Land use regulation” means any local government zoning ordinance, land division ordinance adopted under ORS 92.044 or 92.046 or similar general ordinance establishing standards for implementing a comprehensive plan.

      (12) “Limited land use decision”:

      (a) Means a final decision or determination made by a local government pertaining to a site within an urban growth boundary that concerns:

      (A) The approval or denial of a tentative subdivision or partition plan, as described in ORS 92.040 (1).

      (B) The approval or denial of an application based on discretionary standards designed to regulate the physical characteristics of a use permitted outright, including but not limited to site review and design review.

      (b) Does not mean a final decision made by a local government pertaining to a site within an urban growth boundary that concerns approval or denial of a final subdivision or partition plat or that determines whether a final subdivision or partition plat substantially conforms to the tentative subdivision or partition plan.

      (13) “Local government” means any city, county or Metro or an association of local governments performing land use planning functions under ORS 195.025.

      (14) “Metro” means a metropolitan service district organized under ORS chapter 268.

      (15) “Metro planning goals and objectives” means the land use goals and objectives that Metro may adopt under ORS 268.380 (1)(a). The goals and objectives do not constitute a comprehensive plan.

      (16) “Metro regional framework plan” means the regional framework plan required by the 1992 Metro Charter or its separate components. Neither the regional framework plan nor its individual components constitute a comprehensive plan.

      (17) “New land use regulation” means a land use regulation other than an amendment to an acknowledged land use regulation adopted by a local government that already has a comprehensive plan and land regulations acknowledged under ORS 197.251.

      (18) “Person” means any individual, partnership, corporation, association, governmental subdivision or agency or public or private organization of any kind. The Land Conservation and Development Commission or its designee is considered a person for purposes of appeal under ORS chapters 195, 197 and 197A.

      (19) “Special district” means any unit of local government, other than a city, county, Metro or an association of local governments performing land use planning functions under ORS 195.025, authorized and regulated by statute and includes but is not limited to water control districts, domestic water associations and water cooperatives, irrigation districts, port districts, regional air quality control authorities, fire districts, school districts, hospital districts, mass transit districts and sanitary districts.

      (20) “Urban growth boundary” means an acknowledged urban growth boundary contained in a city or county comprehensive plan or adopted by Metro under ORS 268.390 (3).

      (21) “Urban unincorporated community” means an area designated in a county’s acknowledged comprehensive plan as an urban unincorporated community after December 5, 1994.

      (22) “Voluntary association of local governments” means a regional planning agency in this state officially designated by the Governor pursuant to the federal Office of Management and Budget Circular A-95 as a regional clearinghouse.

      (23) “Wetlands” means those areas that are inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration that are sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions. [1973 c.80 §3; 1977 c.664 §2; 1979 c.772 §7; 1981 c.748 §1; 1983 c.827 §1; 1989 c.761 §1; 1989 c.837 §23; 1991 c.817 §1; 1993 c.438 §1; 1993 c.550 §4; 1995 c.595 §22; 1995 c.812 §1; 1997 c.833 §20; 1999 c.533 §11; 1999 c.866 §1; 2001 c.955 §§2,3; 2005 c.22 §137; 2005 c.88 §3; 2005 c.239 §2; 2005 c.829 §8; 2007 c.354 §§4,5; 2007 c.459 §§1,2; 2009 c.606 §2; 2009 c.790 §1; 2011 c.567 §7; 2013 c.575 §11; 2023 c.13 §76]

 

      197.020 Land use decision considerations. Age, gender or physical disability shall not be an adverse consideration in making a land use decision as defined in ORS 197.015. [1987 c.555 §5; 2005 c.22 §138]

 

      197.022 Policy regarding ORS 215.433 and 227.184. The Legislative Assembly declares that it is in the interest of the citizens of this state that a process be established to allow the efficient resolution of all legal issues surrounding the permissible use of private land, including questions regarding the dismissal of appeals under the legal doctrine known as ripeness. It is in this interest that the Legislative Assembly enacts ORS 215.433 and 227.184. [1999 c.648 §5]

 

      Note: 197.022 was enacted into law by the Legislative Assembly but was not added to or made a part of ORS chapter 197 or any series therein by legislative action. See Preface to Oregon Revised Statutes for further explanation.

 

      Note: Sections 1, 2 and 5, chapter 217, Oregon Laws 2021, provide:

      Sec. 1. Section 2 of this 2021 Act is added to and made a part of ORS chapter 197 [series became ORS chapters 197 and 197A]. [2021 c.217 §1]

      Sec. 2. Restoration of uses destroyed by 2020 wildfires. (1) This section applies only to owners of properties on which structures or uses were destroyed or interrupted by a wildfire that was identified in an executive order issued by the Governor in accordance with the Emergency Conflagration Act under ORS 476.510 to 476.610 between August 1 and September 30, 2020. The local government may alter, restore or replace such a use as provided in this section in lieu of another process.

      (2) Except as provided in subsection (4) of this section, a property owner may alter, restore or replace a nonresidential use without further application with the local government if:

      (a) The use was allowed outright as an accessory use, without regard to whether the primary use was destroyed or was or will be restored;

      (b)(A) The use was subject to a land use process; and

      (B) A permit, including a conditional permit, was issued for the use notwithstanding any expiration of the permit or any subsequent changes to the law or process; or

      (c)(A) The use was established before a requirement that the use be subject to a land use process; and

      (B) The replacement use conforms as nearly as practicable to records of the use with the county assessor, building permit information or other reliable records.

      (3) The local government shall approve an application to alter, restore or replace a dwelling if the local government determines that the evidence in the record establishes that:

      (a) The former dwelling:

      (A) Had intact exterior walls and roof structure;

      (B) Had indoor plumbing consisting of a kitchen sink, toilet and bathing facilities connected to a sanitary waste disposal system;

      (C) Had interior wiring for interior lights;

      (D) Had a heating system; and

      (E)(i) Was authorized by building permits or other regulatory approval process by the appropriate authority; or

      (ii) Was assessed as a residential dwelling for purposes of ad valorem taxation for the tax year beginning July 1, 2001, and is not subject to unresolved enforcement proceedings questioning the lawfulness of the dwelling; and

      (b) The proposed dwelling will:

      (A) Not exceed the floor area of the destroyed dwelling by more than 10 percent;

      (B) Be adequately served by water, sanitation and roads;

      (C) Be located wholly or partially within the footprint of the destroyed dwelling unless the applicant chooses a different location within the same lot or parcel to comply with local flood regulations or to avoid a natural hazard area; and

      (D) Comply with applicable building codes that were in effect on the later of:

      (i) January 1, 2008; or

      (ii) The date of the former dwelling’s construction.

      (4) A local government may not add conditions to the approval or siting of a dwelling under subsection (3) of this section except as necessary to maintain participation in the National Flood Insurance Program under 42 U.S.C. 4001 et seq. A local government may require that the property owner submit an application for a permit for the approval or siting of a nonresidential use only for the purpose of establishing such conditions that are necessary to maintain participation in the National Flood Insurance Program.

      (5) A local government may delegate the approval of an application under subsection (3) of this section to:

      (a) A hearings officer, as defined in ORS 215.402 or 227.160;

      (b) A planning commission, as described in ORS 215.020; or

      (c) A building official, as defined in ORS 455.715.

      (6) The findings of the local government or its designee in approving an application under subsection (3) of this section is not a land use decision. The local government may not require an applicant give notice to any nonparty. The findings and conclusions of the local government are entitled to deference if there is any evidence to support the findings and are subject to review only under ORS 34.010 to 34.100.

      (7) If a local government determines based on the evidence in the record that the use legally existed, the local government may, through a land use decision, approve an application to alter, restore or replace a use for which a land use application, building permit or other regulatory approval was required but record of the approval is unavailable for:

      (a) A dwelling built after January 1, 2001, that complies with subsection (3)(a)(A) to (D) and (b) of this section; or

      (b) A nonresidential use or structure.

      (8) An application under this section must be filed on or before September 30, 2025.

      (9) For applications described in subsection (3) of this section, the amount of time during which an applicant is permitted to occupy a recreational vehicle under ORS 197.493 (1)(b)(C) is extended to December 30, 2030.

      (10) An approval of an application under this section expires only if the property owner has not commenced development of the structure or use on or before December 30, 2030. [2021 c.217 §2; 2021 c.520 §3; 2023 c.327 §2]

      Sec. 5. Sections 2 and 4 of this 2021 Act are repealed on January 2, 2031. [2021 c.217 §5]

 

LAND CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT COMMISSION

 

      197.030 Land Conservation and Development Commission; members; appointment; confirmation; term; vacancies. (1) There is established a Land Conservation and Development Commission consisting of seven members appointed by the Governor, subject to confirmation by the Senate pursuant to section 4, Article III, Oregon Constitution.

      (2) The Governor shall appoint to the commission:

      (a) One member representing Clatsop, Columbia, Coos, Curry, Lincoln and Tillamook Counties and those portions of Douglas and Lane Counties lying west of the summit of the Coast Range;

      (b) Two members representing Clackamas, Multnomah and Washington Counties;

      (c) One member representing Benton, Linn, Marion, Polk and Yamhill Counties and that portion of Lane County lying east of the summit of the Coast Range;

      (d) One member representing Jackson and Josephine Counties and that portion of Douglas County lying east of the summit of the Coast Range;

      (e) One member representing Baker, Crook, Deschutes, Gilliam, Grant, Harney, Hood River, Jefferson, Klamath, Lake, Malheur, Morrow, Sherman, Umatilla, Union, Wallowa, Wasco and Wheeler Counties; and

      (f) One member representing Benton, Clackamas, Linn, Marion, Multnomah, Polk, Washington and Yamhill Counties and that portion of Lane County lying east of the summit of the Coast Range.

      (3) At least one member shall be or have been an elected city official in Oregon and at least one member shall be an elected county official at the time of appointment.

      (4) The term of office of each member of the commission is four years, but a member may be removed by the Governor for cause. Before the expiration of the term of a member, the Governor shall appoint a successor. No person shall serve more than two full terms as a member of the commission.

      (5) If there is a vacancy for any cause, the Governor shall make an appointment to become immediately effective for the unexpired term. [1973 c.80 §5; 1977 c.664 §3; 1981 c.545 §4; 1993 c.792 §49; 1999 c.833 §1]

 

      197.035 Officers; quorum; compensation and expenses. (1) The Land Conservation and Development Commission shall select one of its members as chairperson and another member as vice chairperson, for such terms and with duties and powers necessary for the performance of the functions of such offices as the commission determines. The vice chairperson of the commission shall act as the chairperson of the commission in the absence of the chairperson.

      (2) A majority of the members of the commission constitutes a quorum for the transaction of business.

      (3) Members of the commission are entitled to compensation and expenses as provided in ORS 292.495. [1973 c.80 §§7,8]

 

      197.040 Duties of commission; rules. (1) The Land Conservation and Development Commission shall:

      (a) Direct the performance by the Director of the Department of Land Conservation and Development and the director’s staff of their functions under ORS chapters 195, 196, 197 and 197A.

      (b) In accordance with the provisions of ORS chapter 183, adopt rules that it considers necessary to carry out ORS chapters 195, 196, 197 and 197A. Except as provided in subsection (3) of this section, in designing its administrative requirements, the commission shall:

      (A) Allow for the diverse administrative and planning capabilities of local governments;

      (B) Consider the variation in conditions and needs in different regions of the state and encourage regional approaches to resolving land use problems;

      (C) Assess what economic and property interests will be, or are likely to be, affected by the proposed rule;

      (D) Assess the likely degree of economic impact on identified property and economic interests; and

      (E) Assess whether alternative actions are available that would achieve the underlying lawful governmental objective and would have a lesser economic impact.

      (c)(A) Adopt by rule in accordance with ORS chapter 183 or by goal under ORS chapters 195, 196, 197 and 197A any statewide land use policies that it considers necessary to carry out ORS chapters 195, 196, 197 and 197A.

      (B) Adopt by rule in accordance with ORS chapter 183 any procedures necessary to carry out ORS 215.402 (4)(b) and 227.160 (2)(b).

      (C) Review decisions of the Land Use Board of Appeals and land use decisions of the Court of Appeals and the Supreme Court within 120 days of the date the decisions are issued to determine if goal or rule amendments are necessary.

      (d) Cooperate with the appropriate agencies of the United States, this state and its political subdivisions, any other state, any interstate agency, any person or groups of persons with respect to land conservation and development.

      (e) Appoint advisory committees to aid it in carrying out ORS chapters 195, 196, 197 and 197A and provide technical and other assistance, as it considers necessary, to each such committee.

      (2) Pursuant to ORS chapters 195, 196, 197 and 197A, the commission shall:

      (a) Adopt, amend and revise goals consistent with regional, county and city concerns;

      (b) Prepare, collect, provide or cause to be prepared, collected or provided land use inventories;

      (c) Prepare statewide planning guidelines;

      (d) Review comprehensive plans for compliance with goals;

      (e) Coordinate planning efforts of state agencies to assure compliance with goals and compatibility with city and county comprehensive plans;

      (f) Insure widespread citizen involvement and input in all phases of the process;

      (g) Review and recommend to the Legislative Assembly the designation of areas of critical state concern;

      (h) Report periodically to the Legislative Assembly and to the committee;

      (i) Review the land use planning responsibilities and authorities given to the state, regions, counties and cities, review the resources available to each level of government and make recommendations to the Legislative Assembly to improve the administration of the statewide land use program; and

      (j) Perform other duties required by law.

      (3) The requirements of subsection (1)(b) of this section shall not be interpreted as requiring an assessment for each lot or parcel that could be affected by the proposed rule. [1973 c.80 §§9,11; 1977 c.664 §5; 1981 c.748 §22; 1991 c.817 §19; 1993 c.792 §51; 1995 c.299 §1; 2009 c.873 §2]

 

      197.045 Powers of commission. The Land Conservation and Development Commission may:

      (1) Apply for and receive moneys from the federal government and from this state or any of its agencies or departments.

      (2) Contract with any public agency for the performance of services or the exchange of employees or services by one to the other necessary in carrying out ORS chapters 195, 196, 197 and 197A.

      (3) Contract for the services of and consultation with professional persons or organizations, not otherwise available through federal, state and local governmental agencies, in carrying out its duties under ORS chapters 195, 196, 197 and 197A.

      (4) Perform other functions required to carry out ORS chapters 195, 196, 197 and 197A.

      (5) Assist in development and preparation of model land use regulations to guide state agencies, cities, counties and special districts in implementing goals.

      (6) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, review comprehensive plan and land use regulations related to the identification and designation of high-value farmland pursuant to chapter 792, Oregon Laws 1993, under procedures set forth in ORS 197.251. [1973 c.80 §10; 1977 c.664 §6; 1981 c.748 §22a; 1993 c.792 §11]

 

      Note: Legislative Counsel has substituted “chapter 792, Oregon Laws 1993,” for the words “this 1993 Act” in section 11, chapter 792, Oregon Laws 1993, which amended 197.045. Specific ORS references have not been substituted, pursuant to 173.160. These sections may be determined by referring to the 1993 Comparative Section Table located in Volume 22 of ORS.

 

      197.047 Notice to local governments and property owners of changes to commission rules or certain statutes; form; distribution of notice; costs. (1) As used in this section, “owner” means the owner of the title to real property or the contract purchaser of real property, of record as shown on the last available complete tax assessment roll.

      (2) At least 90 days prior to the final public hearing on a proposed new or amended administrative rule of the Land Conservation and Development Commission described in subsection (10) of this section, the Department of Land Conservation and Development shall cause the notice set forth in subsection (3) of this section to be mailed to every affected local government that exercises land use planning authority under ORS 197.175.

      (3) The notice required in subsection (2) of this section must:

      (a) Contain substantially the following language in boldfaced type across the top of the face page extending from the left margin to the right margin:

______________________________________________________________________________

      This is to notify you that the Land Conservation and Development Commission has proposed a new or amended administrative rule that, if adopted, may affect the permissible uses of properties in your jurisdiction.

______________________________________________________________________________

      (b) Contain substantially the following language in the body of the notice:

______________________________________________________________________________

      On (date of public hearing), the Land Conservation and Development Commission will hold a public hearing regarding adoption of proposed (new or amended) rule (number). Adoption of the rule may change the zoning classification of properties in your jurisdiction or may limit or prohibit land uses previously allowed on properties in your jurisdiction.

      Rule (number) is available for inspection at the Department of Land Conservation and Development located at (address). A copy of the proposed rule (number) also is available for purchase at a cost of $_____.

      For additional information, contact the Department of Land Conservation and Development at (telephone number).

______________________________________________________________________________

      (4) A local government that receives notice under subsection (2) of this section shall cause the notice set forth in subsection (5) of this section to be mailed to every owner of real property that will be rezoned as a result of the proposed rule. Notice to an owner under this subsection must be mailed at least 45 days prior to the final public hearing on the proposed rule.

      (5) The notice required in subsection (4) of this section must:

      (a) Contain substantially the following language in boldfaced type across the top of the face page extending from the left margin to the right margin:

______________________________________________________________________________

      This is to notify you that the Land Conservation and Development Commission has proposed a new or amended administrative rule that, if adopted, may affect the permissible uses of your property and other properties.

______________________________________________________________________________

      (b) Contain substantially the following language in the body of the notice:

______________________________________________________________________________

      On (date of public hearing), the Land Conservation and Development Commission will hold a public hearing regarding adoption of proposed (new or amended) rule (number). Adoption of the rule may affect the permissible uses of your property, and other properties in the affected zone, and may change the value of your property.

      Rule (number) is available for inspection at the Department of Land Conservation and Development located at (address). A copy of the proposed rule (number) also is available for purchase at a cost of $_____.

      For additional information, contact the Department of Land Conservation and Development at (telephone number).

______________________________________________________________________________

      (6) At least 90 days prior to the effective date of a new or amended statute or administrative rule described in subsection (10) of this section, the department shall cause the notice set forth in subsection (7) of this section to be mailed to every affected local government that exercises land use planning authority under ORS 197.175 unless the statute or rule is effective within 90 days of enactment or adoption, in which case the department shall cause the notice to be mailed not later than 30 days after the statute or rule is effective.

      (7) The notice required in subsection (6) of this section must:

      (a) Contain substantially the following language in boldfaced type across the top of the face page extending from the left margin to the right margin:

______________________________________________________________________________

      (Check on the appropriate line:)

      _____ This is to notify you that the Land Conservation and Development Commission has adopted an administrative rule that may affect the permissible uses of properties in your jurisdiction; or

      _____ This is to notify you that the Legislative Assembly has enacted a land use planning statute that may affect the permissible uses of properties in your jurisdiction.

______________________________________________________________________________

      (b) Contain substantially the following language in the body of the notice:

______________________________________________________________________________

      (Check on the appropriate line:)

      _____ On (date of rule adoption), the Land Conservation and Development Commission adopted administrative rule (number). The commission has determined that this rule may change the zoning classification of properties in your jurisdiction or may limit or prohibit land uses previously allowed on properties in your jurisdiction.

      Rule (number) is available for inspection at the Department of Land Conservation and Development located at (address). A copy of the rule (number) also is available for purchase at a cost of $_____.

      For additional information, contact the Department of Land Conservation and Development at (telephone number); or

      _____ On (date of enactment) the Legislative Assembly enacted (House/Senate bill number). The Department of Land Conservation and Development has determined that enactment of (House/Senate bill number) may change the zoning classification of properties in your jurisdiction or may limit or prohibit land uses previously allowed on properties in your jurisdiction.

      A copy of (House/Senate bill number) is available for inspection at the Department of Land Conservation and Development located at (address). A copy of (House/Senate bill number) also is available for purchase at a cost of $_____.

      For additional information, contact the Department of Land Conservation and Development at (telephone number).

______________________________________________________________________________

      (8) A local government that receives notice under subsection (6) of this section shall cause a copy of the notice set forth in subsection (9) of this section to be mailed to every owner of real property that will be rezoned as a result of adoption of the rule or enactment of the statute, unless notification was provided pursuant to subsection (4) of this section. The local government shall mail the notice to an owner under this subsection at least 45 days prior to the effective date of the rule or statute unless the statute or rule is effective within 90 days of enactment or adoption, in which case the local government shall mail the notice to an owner under this subsection not later than 30 days after the local government receives notice under subsection (6) of this section.

      (9) The notice required in subsection (8) of this section must:

      (a) Contain substantially the following language in boldfaced type across the top of the face page extending from the left margin to the right margin:

______________________________________________________________________________

      (Check on the appropriate line:)

      _____ This is to notify you that the Land Conservation and Development Commission has adopted an administrative rule that may affect the permissible uses of your property and other properties; or

      _____ This is to notify you that the Legislative Assembly has enacted a land use planning statute that may affect the permissible uses of your property and other properties.

______________________________________________________________________________

      (b) Contain substantially the following language in the body of the notice:

______________________________________________________________________________

      (Check on the appropriate line:)

      _____ On (date of rule adoption), the Land Conservation and Development Commission adopted administrative rule (number). The rule may affect the permissible uses of your property, and other properties in the affected zone, and may change the value of your property.

      Rule (number) is available for inspection at the Department of Land Conservation and Development located at (address). A copy of the rule (number) also is available for purchase at a cost of $_____.

      For additional information, contact the Department of Land Conservation and Development at (telephone number); or

      _____ On (date of enactment) the Legislative Assembly enacted (House/Senate bill number). The Department of Land Conservation and Development has determined that enactment of (House/Senate bill number) may affect the permissible uses of your property, and other properties in the affected zone, and may change the value of your property.

      A copy of (House/Senate bill number) is available for inspection at the Department of Land Conservation and Development located at (address). A copy of (House/Senate bill number) also is available for purchase at a cost of $_____.

      For additional information, contact the Department of Land Conservation and Development at (telephone number).

______________________________________________________________________________

      (10) The provisions of this section apply to all statutes and administrative rules of the Land Conservation and Development Commission that limit or prohibit otherwise permissible land uses or cause a local government to rezone property. For purposes of this section, property is rezoned when the statute or administrative rule causes a local government to:

      (a) Change the base zoning classification of the property; or

      (b) Adopt or amend an ordinance in a manner that limits or prohibits land uses previously allowed in the affected zone.

      (11) The Department of Land Conservation and Development shall reimburse the local government for:

      (a) The actual costs incurred responding to questions from the public related to a proposed new or amended administrative rule of the Land Conservation and Development Commission and to notice of the proposed rule; and

      (b) All usual and reasonable costs of providing the notices required under subsection (4) or (8) of this section. [1999 c.1 §5; 2003 c.668 §1]

 

      197.050 Interstate agreements and compacts; commission powers. Except as provided in ORS 196.150 and 196.155, if an interstate land conservation and development planning agency is created by an interstate agreement or compact entered into by this state, the Land Conservation and Development Commission shall perform the functions of this state with respect to the agreement or compact. If the functions of the interstate planning agency duplicate any of the functions of the commission under ORS 195.020 to 195.040, ORS chapters 197 and 197A and ORS 469.350, the commission may:

      (1) Negotiate with the interstate agency in defining the areas of responsibility of the commission and the interstate planning agency; and

      (2) Cooperate with the interstate planning agency in the performance of its functions. [1973 c.80 §12; 1977 c.664 §8; 1987 c.14 §6; 2001 c.672 §5]

 

      197.055 [1973 c.80 §16; repealed by 1977 c.664 §42]

 

      197.060 Biennial report; draft submission to legislative committee; contents. (1) Prior to the end of each even-numbered year, the Department of Land Conservation and Development shall prepare a written report for submission to the Legislative Assembly of the State of Oregon describing activities and accomplishments of the department, Land Conservation and Development Commission, state agencies, local governments and special districts in carrying out ORS chapters 195, 196, 197 and 197A.

      (2) A draft of the report required by subsection (1) of this section shall be submitted to the appropriate legislative committee at least 60 days prior to submission of the report to the Legislative Assembly. Comments of the committee shall be incorporated into the final report.

      (3) Goals and guidelines adopted by the commission shall be included in the report to the Legislative Assembly submitted under subsection (1) of this section.

      (4) The department shall include in its biennial report:

      (a) A description of its activities implementing ORS 197.631; and

      (b) An accounting of new statutory, land use planning goal and rule requirements and local government compliance with the new requirements pursuant to ORS 197.646. [1973 c.80 §56; 1977 c.664 §9; 1981 c.748 §21b; 2005 c.829 §9; 2007 c.354 §6]

 

      197.065 Biennial report analyzing uses of certain land; annual local government reports. (1) Prior to each odd-numbered year regular legislative session, the Land Conservation and Development Commission shall submit to the appropriate legislative committee a written report analyzing applications approved and denied for:

      (a) New and replacement dwellings:

      (A) Under ORS 215.213 (1)(d) and (f), (2)(a) and (b), (3) and (4), 215.283 (1)(d) and (e), 215.284 and 215.705; and

      (B) On land zoned for forest use under any statewide planning goal that relates to forestland;

      (b) Divisions of land:

      (A) Under ORS 215.263 (2), (4) and (5); and

      (B) On land zoned for forest use under any statewide planning goal that relates to forestland, including a division under ORS 215.785;

      (c) Dwellings and land divisions approved for marginal lands:

      (A) Under ORS 215.317 or 215.327; and

      (B) On any land zoned for forest use under any statewide planning goal that relates to forestland; and

      (d) Such other matters pertaining to protection of agricultural or forest land as the commission deems appropriate.

      (2) The governing body of each county shall provide the Department of Land Conservation and Development with a report of its actions involving those dwellings, land divisions and land designations upon which the commission must report to the appropriate legislative committee under subsection (1) of this section. The department shall establish, after consultation with county governing bodies, an annual reporting period and may establish a schedule for receiving county reports at intervals within the reporting period. The report shall be on a standard form with a standardized explanation adopted by the commission and shall be eligible for grants by the commission. The report shall include the findings for each action except actions involving:

      (a) Dwellings authorized by ORS 215.213 (1)(d) or 215.283 (1)(d); or

      (b) Land divisions authorized by ORS 215.263 (2) creating parcels as large as or larger than a minimum size established by the commission under ORS 215.780.

      (3) The governing body of each county shall, upon request by the department, provide the department with other information necessary to carry out subsection (1) of this section. [1983 c.826 §13; 1985 c.811 §9; 1987 c.555 §4; 1989 c.107 §1; 1993 c.792 §9; 2001 c.704 §9; 2007 c.354 §7; 2009 c.850 §3; 2011 c.545 §34; 2015 c.104 §4]

 

      197.070 Public inspection of assessments prepared by commission. The Land Conservation and Development Commission shall keep on file and available for public inspection the assessments prepared pursuant to ORS 197.040 and 197.230. [1995 c.299 §3]

 

DEPARTMENT OF LAND CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT

 

      197.075 Department of Land Conservation and Development. The Department of Land Conservation and Development is established. The department shall consist of the Land Conservation and Development Commission, the Director of the Department of Land Conservation and Development and their subordinate officers and employees. [1973 c.80 §4]

 

      197.080 [1973 c.80 §55; 1977 c.664 §10; 1981 c.748 §21c; repealed by 2007 c.354 §1]

 

      197.085 Director; appointment; compensation and expenses. (1) The Land Conservation and Development Commission shall appoint a person to serve as the Director of the Department of Land Conservation and Development. The director shall hold the office of the director at the pleasure of the commission and the salary of the director shall be fixed by the commission unless otherwise provided by law.

      (2) In addition to salary, the director shall be reimbursed, subject to any applicable law regulating travel and other expenses of state officers and employees, for actual and necessary expenses incurred by the director in the performance of official duties. [1973 c.80 §13]

 

      197.090 Duties and authority of director; appealing local land use decision; rules. (1) Subject to policies adopted by the Land Conservation and Development Commission, the Director of the Department of Land Conservation and Development shall:

      (a) Be the administrative head of the Department of Land Conservation and Development.

      (b) Coordinate the activities of the department in its land conservation and development functions with such functions of federal agencies, other state agencies, local governments and special districts.

      (c) Appoint, reappoint, assign and reassign all subordinate officers and employees of the department, prescribe their duties and fix their compensation, subject to the State Personnel Relations Law.

      (d) Represent this state before any agency of this state, any other state or the United States with respect to land conservation and development within this state.

      (2)(a) Subject to local government requirements and the provisions of ORS 197.830 to 197.845, the director may participate in and seek review of:

      (A) A land use decision, expedited land division or limited land use decision involving the goals or involving an acknowledged comprehensive plan and land use regulations implementing the plan; or

      (B) Any other matter within the statutory authority of the department or commission under ORS chapters 195, 196, 197 and 197A.

      (b) The director shall report to the commission on each case in which the department participates and on the positions taken by the director in each case.

      (c) If a meeting of the commission is scheduled prior to the close of the period for seeking review of a land use decision, expedited land division or limited land use decision, the director shall obtain formal approval from the commission prior to seeking review of the decision. However, if the land use decision, expedited land division or limited land use decision becomes final less than 15 days before a meeting of the commission, the director shall proceed as provided in paragraph (d) of this subsection. If the director requests approval from the commission, the applicant and the affected local government shall be notified in writing that the director is seeking commission approval. The director, the applicant and the affected local government shall be given reasonable time to address the commission regarding the director’s request for approval to seek review. The parties shall limit their testimony to the factors established under subsection (3) of this section. No other testimony shall be taken by the commission.

      (d) If a meeting of the commission is not scheduled prior to the close of the period for seeking review of a land use decision, expedited land division or limited land use decision, at the next commission meeting the director shall report to the commission on each case for which the department has sought review. The director shall request formal approval to proceed with each appeal. The applicant and the affected local government shall be notified of the commission meeting in writing by the director. The director, the applicant and the affected local government shall be given reasonable time to address the commission regarding the director’s request for approval to proceed with the appeal. The parties shall limit their testimony to the factors established under subsection (3) of this section. No other testimony shall be taken by the commission. If the commission does not formally approve an appeal, the director shall file a motion with the appropriate tribunal to dismiss the appeal.

      (e) A decision by the commission under this subsection is not subject to appeal.

      (f) For purposes of this subsection, “applicant” means a person seeking approval of a permit, as defined in ORS 215.402 or 227.160, expedited land division or limited land use decision.

      (3) The commission by rule shall adopt a set of factors for the commission to consider when determining whether to appeal or intervene in the appeal of a land use decision, expedited land division or limited land use decision that involves the application of the goals, acknowledged comprehensive plan, land use regulation or other matter within the authority of the department or commission under ORS chapters 195, 196, 197 and 197A.

      (4) The director may intervene in an appeal of a land use decision, expedited land division or limited land use decision brought by another person in the manner provided for an appeal by the director under subsection (2)(c) and (d) of this section. [1973 c.80 §14; 1979 c.772 §7d; 1981 c.748 §21d; 1983 c.827 §2; 1991 c.817 §20; 1995 c.595 §23; 1999 c.292 §1; 2010 c.8 §8; 2010 c.107 §10]

 

      197.095 Land Conservation and Development Account. (1) There is established in the General Fund in the State Treasury the Land Conservation and Development Account. Moneys in the account are continuously appropriated for the purpose of carrying out ORS chapters 195, 196, 197 and 197A.

      (2) All fees, moneys and other revenue received by the Department of Land Conservation and Development shall be deposited in the Land Conservation and Development Account. [1973 c.80 §15; 1977 c.664 §11; 1981 c.748 §21e; 2007 c.354 §8]

      197.125 [1973 c.80 §22; repealed by 2007 c.354 §1]

 

      197.130 [1973 c.80 §23; 1975 c.530 §6; 1977 c.891 §8; 1981 c.748 §23; 1987 c.158 §33; repealed by 2007 c.354 §1]

 

      197.135 [1973 c.80 §24; 1981 c.748 §24; repealed by 2007 c.354 §1]

 

ADVISORY COMMITTEES

 

      197.158 Policy-neutral review and audit of statewide land use program. (1) The Land Conservation and Development Commission, in cooperation with the Oregon Law Commission and other public or private entities, may, as resources are available, appoint a work group to conduct a policy-neutral review and audit of ORS chapters 195, 196, 197, 197A, 215 and 227, the statewide land use planning goals and the rules of the commission implementing the goals.

      (2) The commission shall sequence any review based on its judgment as to which aspects of the statewide land use program are most in need of updating.

      (3) A review undertaken under this section should, but does not have to, include appropriate involvement of local government, professional land use planning, private legal and other representatives.

      (4) Recommendations should, but do not have to, address major policies and key procedures that are most appropriate for enactment by law and what policies and procedures are most appropriate for adoption by statewide land use planning goals or rules to allow for greater variation between regions of the state over time and to reduce complexity. [2009 c.873 §17]

 

      Note: 197.158 was enacted into law by the Legislative Assembly but was not added to or made a part of ORS chapter 197 or any series therein by legislative action. See Preface to Oregon Revised Statutes for further explanation.

 

      197.160 State Citizen Involvement Advisory Committee; city and county citizen advisory committees. (1) To assure widespread citizen involvement in all phases of the planning process:

      (a) The Land Conservation and Development Commission shall appoint a State Citizen Involvement Advisory Committee, broadly representative of geographic areas of the state and of interests relating to land uses and land use decisions, to develop a program for the commission that promotes and enhances public participation in the adoption and amendment of the goals and guidelines.

      (b) Each city and county governing body shall submit to the commission, on a periodic basis established by commission rule, a program for citizen involvement in preparing, adopting and amending comprehensive plans and land use regulations within the respective city and county. Such program shall at least contain provision for a citizen advisory committee or committees broadly representative of geographic areas and of interests relating to land uses and land use decisions.

      (c) The State Citizen Involvement Advisory Committee appointed under paragraph (a) of this subsection shall review the proposed programs submitted by each city and county and report to the commission whether or not the proposed program adequately provides for public involvement in the planning process, and, if it does not so provide, in what respects it is inadequate.

      (2) The State Citizen Involvement Advisory Committee is limited to an advisory role to the commission. It has no express or implied authority over any local government or state agency. [1973 c.80 §35; 1981 c.748 §25; 1983 c.740 §49]

 

      197.165 Local Officials Advisory Committee. For the purpose of promoting mutual understanding and cooperation between the Land Conservation and Development Commission and local government in the implementation of ORS chapters 195, 196, 197 and 197A and the goals, the commission shall appoint a Local Officials Advisory Committee. The committee shall be comprised of persons serving as city or county elected officials and its membership shall reflect the city, county and geographic diversity of the state. The committee shall advise and assist the commission on its policies and programs affecting local governments. [1977 c.664 §7; 1981 c.748 §25a]

 

      Note: Sections 1 and 3, chapter 510, Oregon Laws 2023, provide:

      Sec. 1. Early learning and care facilities work group. (1) The Department of Land Conservation and Development shall convene a work group to examine strategies for expanding early learning and care facilities in this state.

      (2) The work group shall consist of members selected by the Department of Land Conservation and Development, in consultation with the Department of Early Learning and Care.

      (3) When making selections for the work group under subsection (2) of this section, the Department of Land Conservation and Development shall, to the extent practicable, select the following as members:

      (a) Representatives from five cities and counties, one of which is a city or county that finances and operates a regional early learning and care program, who have collective knowledge, experience and expertise in zoning regulations, applicable state and local building codes and building permitting requirements and processes.

      (b) Five members who are providers of early learning and care services with collective recent experience in zoning regulations, building codes and permitting processes with respect to expansion of early learning and care facilities, and who reflect the diversity of provider types in Oregon.

      (c) Representatives from two advocacy or policy-making organizations that have experience working with early learning and care providers.

      (d) Representatives from the Department of Land Conservation and Development with expertise in land use regulations.

      (e) Representatives from the Department of Consumer and Business Services with expertise in state and local building codes.

      (f) Representatives from the Department of Early Learning and Care with expertise in licensing requirements for providers of early learning services and care.

      (4) The department may select up to five additional members provided that such members have experience:

      (a) Working with providers of early learning services and care to expand early learning and care facilities; or

      (b) With zoning regulations, applicable state and local building codes and permitting requirements and processes with respect to affordable housing expansion.

      (5) Members of the work group must be individuals who reflect the geographic, racial, ethnic and gender diversity of this state.

      (6) The work group shall review information and research from within Oregon and nationally concerning the impact of zoning regulations, state and local building codes and permitting practices on inhibiting or supporting expansion of early learning and care facilities. At a minimum, the review must identify and analyze:

      (a) Specific barriers and challenges to siting, building or renovating early learning and care facilities, including barriers and challenges for colocating early learning and care facilities with affordable housing and other entities;

      (b) Potential and actual disparate impacts that zoning regulations, building codes and permitting practices have on providers based upon diversity factors, including but not limited to race, ethnicity, language, provider type and geographic location; and

      (c) Promising local, state and national standards for promoting the expansion of early learning and care facilities.

      (7) The work group shall prepare a report that summarizes the findings of the review required under subsection (6) of this section. The report must include recommendations to:

      (a) Reduce barriers to expanding early learning and care facilities.

      (b) Support the expansion of early learning and care facilities in this state, including recommendations developed specifically for:

      (A) Expansion in the five cities or counties from which work group members are selected under subsection (3)(a) of this section;

      (B) Statewide expansion in cities and counties throughout this state;

      (C) The Legislative Assembly to consider legislative changes the work group deems necessary or advisable in support of expansion efforts; and

      (D) The Office of the Governor and relevant state agencies for possible administrative improvements.

      (c) Reduce disproportionate racial and regional disparities in access to early learning and care facilities.

      (8) Not later than December 31, 2024, the work group shall submit the report required by this section, in the manner provided under ORS 192.245, to the interim committees of the Legislative Assembly related to early child care. The work group may include in the report submitted under this subsection recommendations for legislation. [2023 c.510 §1]

      Sec. 3. Section 1 of this 2023 Act is repealed on January 2, 2025. [2023 c.510 §3]

 

COMPREHENSIVE PLANNING RESPONSIBILITIES

 

      197.173 Findings regarding coordination between state agencies and local governments. The Legislative Assembly finds and declares that:

      (1) Improving coordination and consistency between the duties and actions of state agencies that affect land use and the duties and actions of local governments under comprehensive plans and land use regulations is required to ensure that the actions of state agencies complement both state and local land use planning objectives.

      (2) Improved coordination is necessary to streamline state and local permitting procedures.

      (3) The Department of Land Conservation and Development has not engaged in a formal and concerted effort to update state agency land use coordination programs since 1989, and that state agency rules, plans and programs affecting land use and local government comprehensive plans and land use regulations have changed substantially since that time.

      (4) Rules of the Land Conservation and Development Commission regarding state agency land use coordination and state permit compliance and compatibility should be:

      (a) Reviewed to eliminate unclear or conflicting provisions and to ensure that local land use decisions authorizing a use generally precede state agency decisions on permits for the use or for aspects of the use; and

      (b) Updated regularly to maintain a high level of coordination between state agencies and local governments in reviewing authorizations for a use of property. [2009 c.606 §1]

 

      Note: 197.173 was enacted into law by the Legislative Assembly but was not added to or made a part of ORS chapter 197 or any series therein by legislative action. See Preface to Oregon Revised Statutes for further explanation.

 

      197.175 Cities’ and counties’ planning responsibilities; rules on incorporations; compliance with goals. (1) Cities and counties shall exercise their planning and zoning responsibilities, including, but not limited to, a city or special district boundary change which shall mean the annexation of unincorporated territory by a city, the incorporation of a new city and the formation or change of organization of or annexation to any special district authorized by ORS 198.705 to 198.955, 199.410 to 199.534 or 451.010 to 451.620, in accordance with ORS chapters 195, 196, 197 and 197A and the goals approved under ORS chapters 195, 196, 197 and 197A. The Land Conservation and Development Commission shall adopt rules clarifying how the goals apply to the incorporation of a new city. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 15, chapter 827, Oregon Laws 1983, the rules shall take effect upon adoption by the commission. The applicability of rules promulgated under this section to the incorporation of cities prior to August 9, 1983, shall be determined under the laws of this state.

      (2) Pursuant to ORS chapters 195, 196, 197 and 197A, each city and county in this state shall:

      (a) Prepare, adopt, amend and revise comprehensive plans in compliance with goals approved by the commission;

      (b) Enact land use regulations to implement their comprehensive plans;

      (c) If its comprehensive plan and land use regulations have not been acknowledged by the commission, make land use decisions and limited land use decisions in compliance with the goals;

      (d) If its comprehensive plan and land use regulations have been acknowledged by the commission, make land use decisions and limited land use decisions in compliance with the acknowledged plan and land use regulations; and

      (e) Make land use decisions and limited land use decisions subject to an unacknowledged amendment to a comprehensive plan or land use regulation in compliance with those land use goals applicable to the amendment.

      (3) Notwithstanding subsection (1) of this section, the commission shall not initiate by its own action any annexation of unincorporated territory pursuant to ORS 222.111 to 222.750 or formation of and annexation of territory to any district authorized by ORS 198.510 to 198.915 or 451.010 to 451.620. [1973 c.80 §§17,18; 1977 c.664 §12; 1981 c.748 §15; 1983 c.827 §3; 1989 c.761 §18; 1991 c.817 §21; 1993 c.792 §45; 1999 c.348 §4]

 

      197.178 [1997 c.763 §5; 2011 c.354 §1; 2017 c.745 §9; repealed by 2023 c.13 §39]

 

      197.180 State agency planning responsibilities; determination of compliance with goals and compatibility with plans; coordination between agencies and local governments; rules; exceptions. (1) Except as provided in ORS 197.277 or subsection (2) of this section or unless expressly exempted by another statute from any of the requirements of this section, state agencies shall carry out their planning duties, powers and responsibilities and take actions that are authorized by law with respect to programs affecting land use:

      (a) In compliance with the goals, rules implementing the goals and rules implementing this section; and

      (b) In a manner compatible with acknowledged comprehensive plans and land use regulations.

      (2) State agencies need not comply with subsection (1)(b) of this section if a state agency rule, plan or program relating to land use was not in effect when the comprehensive plan provision or land use regulation with which the action would be incompatible was acknowledged and the agency has demonstrated that:

      (a) The state agency rule, plan or program is mandated by state statute or federal law;

      (b) The state agency rule, plan or program is consistent with the goals;

      (c) The state agency rule, plan or program has objectives that cannot be achieved in a manner compatible with the acknowledged comprehensive plan and land use regulations; and

      (d) The agency has complied with its certified state agency coordination program.

      (3) Unless federal or state law requires otherwise, the Land Conservation and Development Commission, by rule, may specify the sequence of a local government land use decision and a state agency action concerning the same, similar or related uses or activities.

      (4) Upon request by the commission, each state agency shall submit to the Department of Land Conservation and Development the following information:

      (a) Agency rules and summaries of state agency plans and programs affecting land use;

      (b) A program for coordination pursuant to ORS 197.040 (2)(e);

      (c) A program for coordination pursuant to ORS 197.090 (1)(b); and

      (d) A program for cooperation with and technical assistance to local governments.

      (5) Within 90 days of receipt, the Director of the Department of Land Conservation and Development shall review the information submitted pursuant to subsection (4) of this section and shall notify each state agency if the director believes the state agency rules, plans or programs submitted are insufficient to ensure compliance with goals and compatibility with acknowledged comprehensive plans and land use regulations.

      (6) Within 90 days of receipt of notification specified in subsection (5) of this section, the state agency may revise the state agency rules, plans or programs and resubmit them to the director.

      (7) The director shall make findings under subsections (5) and (6) of this section as to whether the state agency rules, plans or programs are sufficient to ensure compliance with the goals and compatibility with acknowledged city and county comprehensive plans and land use regulations and shall forward the rules and summaries of state agency plans or programs to the commission for its action. The commission shall either certify the state agency rules, plans or programs as compliant with the goals and compatible with the acknowledged comprehensive plans and land use regulations of affected local governments or shall determine the same to be insufficient.

      (8) The department shall report, to the appropriate committee of the House and the Senate and to the subcommittee of the Joint Ways and Means Committee that considers the state agency budget, any agency that has failed to meet the requirements of subsection (7) of this section.

      (9) Any state agency that has failed to meet the requirements of subsection (7) of this section shall report the reasons therefor to the appropriate committee of the House and the Senate and to the subcommittee of the Joint Ways and Means Committee that considers the agency budget.

      (10) Until rules and state agency plans and programs are certified as compliant with the goals and compatible with the acknowledged comprehensive plans and land use regulations of affected local governments, the state agency shall make findings when adopting or amending its rules and state agency plans and programs as to the applicability and application of the goals or acknowledged comprehensive plans, as appropriate.

      (11) The commission shall adopt rules establishing procedures to ensure that state agency permits affecting land use are issued in compliance with the goals and compatible with acknowledged comprehensive plans and land use regulations, as required by subsection (1) of this section. The rules must prescribe the circumstances in which state agencies may rely upon a determination of compliance with the goals or compatibility with the acknowledged comprehensive plan.

      (12) A state agency required to have a land use coordination program shall participate in a local government land use hearing, except a hearing under ORS 197.610 to 197.625, only in a manner that is consistent with the coordination program, unless the agency participated in the local government’s periodic review pursuant to ORS 197.633 and raised the issue that is the basis for participation in the land use hearing.

      (13) State agency rules, plans or programs affecting land use are not compatible with an acknowledged comprehensive plan if the state agency takes or approves an action that is not allowed under the acknowledged comprehensive plan. However, a state agency may apply statutes and rules to deny, condition or further restrict an action of the state agency or of any applicant before the state agency if the state agency applies those statutes and rules to the uses planned for in the acknowledged comprehensive plan.

      (14) In cooperation with local governments and state agencies whose rules, plans or programs affect land use, the department periodically shall:

      (a) Identify aspects of coordination related to uses that require the issuance of multiple permits from state agencies and local governments.

      (b) Update and improve rules regulating the effectiveness and efficiency of state agency coordination programs.

      (15) This section does not apply to rules, plans, programs, decisions, determinations or activities carried out under ORS 527.610 to 527.770, 527.990 (1) and 527.992. [1973 c.80 §21; 1977 c.664 §13; 1981 c.748 §16; 1983 c.827 §4; 1987 c.555 §1; 1987 c.919 §3; 1989 c.761 §19; 1991 c.612 §9; 1995 c.595 §30; 1999 c.622 §8; 2009 c.606 §3]

 

      197.183 Local government to notify Department of Aviation of applications received for certain water impoundments. (1) A local government shall provide notice to the Oregon Department of Aviation when the local government or its designee receives an application for a comprehensive plan amendment, zone change or permit as defined in ORS 215.402 or 227.160 that, if approved, would result in a water impoundment larger than one-quarter acre within 10,000 feet of an airport identified in ORS 836.610 (1).

      (2) The department has no authority to make final a determination regarding a new water impoundment described in ORS 836.623. Determinations regarding such impoundments shall be made by local governments as provided in ORS 836.623. [1997 c.859 §10; 1999 c.935 §19]

 

      197.185 [1973 c.80 §20; 1977 c.664 §14; 1981 c.748 §26; 1993 c.804 §1; renumbered 195.020 in 1993]

 

      197.186 Removal from buildable lands inventory of land subject to open space tax assessment; reapplication for assessment. (1) At periodic review under ORS 197.633 next following approval of an application under ORS 308A.309, the local government shall remove any lot or parcel subject to the application from any inventory of buildable lands maintained by the local government. The local government shall compensate for the resulting reduction in available buildable lands either by increasing the development capacity of the remaining supply of buildable lands or by expanding the urban growth boundary.

      (2) A landowner who wishes to reapply for current open space use assessment under ORS 308A.306 following the end of the assessment period shall reapply with the local government as provided in ORS 308A.309. [1999 c.503 §5]

 

      197.190 [1973 c.80 §19; 1977 c.664 §15; 1981 c.748 §27; 1983 c.350 §1; renumbered 195.025 in 1993]

 

      197.195 Limited land use decision; procedures. (1) A limited land use decision shall be consistent with applicable provisions of city or county comprehensive plans and land use regulations. Such a decision may include conditions authorized by law. Within two years of September 29, 1991, cities and counties shall incorporate all comprehensive plan standards applicable to limited land use decisions into their land use regulations. A decision to incorporate all, some, or none of the applicable comprehensive plan standards into land use regulations shall be undertaken as a post-acknowledgment amendment under ORS 197.610 to 197.625. If a city or county does not incorporate its comprehensive plan provisions into its land use regulations, the comprehensive plan provisions may not be used as a basis for a decision by the city or county or on appeal from that decision.

      (2) A limited land use decision is not subject to the requirements of ORS 197.797.

      (3) A limited land use decision is subject to the requirements of paragraphs (a) to (c) of this subsection.

      (a) In making a limited land use decision, the local government shall follow the applicable procedures contained within its acknowledged comprehensive plan and land use regulations and other applicable legal requirements.

      (b) For limited land use decisions, the local government shall provide written notice to owners of property within 100 feet of the entire contiguous site for which the application is made. The list shall be compiled from the most recent property tax assessment roll. For purposes of review, this requirement shall be deemed met when the local government can provide an affidavit or other certification that such notice was given. Notice shall also be provided to any neighborhood or community organization recognized by the governing body and whose boundaries include the site.

      (c) The notice and procedures used by local government shall:

      (A) Provide a 14-day period for submission of written comments prior to the decision;

      (B) State that issues which may provide the basis for an appeal to the Land Use Board of Appeals shall be raised in writing prior to the expiration of the comment period. Issues shall be raised with sufficient specificity to enable the decision maker to respond to the issue;

      (C) List, by commonly used citation, the applicable criteria for the decision;

      (D) Set forth the street address or other easily understood geographical reference to the subject property;

      (E) State the place, date and time that comments are due;

      (F) State that copies of all evidence relied upon by the applicant are available for review, and that copies can be obtained at cost;

      (G) Include the name and phone number of a local government contact person;

      (H) Provide notice of the decision to the applicant and any person who submits comments under subparagraph (A) of this paragraph. The notice of decision must include an explanation of appeal rights; and

      (I) Briefly summarize the local decision making process for the limited land use decision being made.

      (4) Approval or denial of a limited land use decision shall be based upon and accompanied by a brief statement that explains the criteria and standards considered relevant to the decision, states the facts relied upon in rendering the decision and explains the justification for the decision based on the criteria, standards and facts set forth.

      (5) A local government may provide for a hearing before the local government on appeal of a limited land use decision under this section. The hearing may be limited to the record developed pursuant to the initial hearing under subsection (3) of this section or may allow for the introduction of additional testimony or evidence. A hearing on appeal that allows the introduction of additional testimony or evidence shall comply with the requirements of ORS 197.797. Written notice of the decision rendered on appeal shall be given to all parties who appeared, either orally or in writing, before the hearing. The notice of decision shall include an explanation of the rights of each party to appeal the decision. [1991 c.817 §3; 1995 c.595 §1; 1997 c.844 §1]

 

      197.200 Refinement plan; procedures for land division, site or design review within area subject to plan. (1) A local government may convene a land use proceeding to adopt a refinement plan for a neighborhood or community within its jurisdiction and inside the urban growth boundary as provided in this section.

      (2) A refinement plan is more detailed than a comprehensive plan and applies to a specific geographic area. A refinement plan shall:

      (a) Establish efficient density ranges, including a minimum and a maximum density for residential land uses;

      (b) Establish minimum and maximum floor area ratios or site coverage requirements for nonresidential uses;

      (c) Be based on a planning process meeting statewide planning goals; and

      (d) Include land use regulations to implement the plan.

      (3) A refinement plan and associated land use regulations adopted prior to September 9, 1995, may qualify as a refinement plan if the local government holds a public hearing to gather public comment and decides to adopt the plan as a refinement plan under this section.

      (4) A local government shall apply the procedures for expedited land divisions described in ORS 197.360 to 197.380 to all applications for land division and site or design review located in any area subject to an acknowledged refinement plan. The review shall include:

      (a) All elements of a local government comprehensive plan and land use regulations that must be applied in order to approve or deny any such application; and

      (b) Any planned unit development standards and any procedures designed to regulate:

      (A) The physical characteristics of permitted uses;

      (B) The dimensions of the lots to be created; or

      (C) Transportation, sewer, water, drainage and other facilities or services necessary for the proposed development.

      (5) Any decision made on a refinement plan described in subsection (3) of this section shall be appealed only as provided for appeals of expedited land division decisions in ORS 197.375.

      (6) Refinement plans and implementing ordinances may be adopted through the post-acknowledgment or periodic review process. [1995 c.595 §15]

 

GOALS COMPLIANCE

 

      197.225 Preparation; adoption. The Department of Land Conservation and Development shall prepare and the Land Conservation and Development Commission shall adopt goals and guidelines for use by state agencies, local governments and special districts in preparing, adopting, amending and implementing existing and future comprehensive plans. [1973 c.80 §33; 1981 c.748 §27a]

 

      197.230 Considerations; finding of need required for adoption or amendment of goal. (1) In preparing, adopting and amending goals and guidelines, the Department of Land Conservation and Development and the Land Conservation and Development Commission shall:

      (a) Assess:

      (A) What economic and property interests will be, or are likely to be, affected by the proposed goal or guideline;

      (B) The likely degree of economic impact on identified property and economic interests; and

      (C) Whether alternative actions are available that would achieve the underlying lawful governmental objective and would have a lesser economic impact.

      (b) Consider the existing comprehensive plans of local governments and the plans and programs affecting land use of state agencies and special districts in order to preserve functional and local aspects of land conservation and development.

      (c) Give consideration to the following areas and activities:

      (A) Lands adjacent to freeway interchanges;

      (B) Estuarine areas;

      (C) Tide, marsh and wetland areas;

      (D) Lakes and lakeshore areas;

      (E) Wilderness, recreational and outstanding scenic areas;

      (F) Beaches, dunes, coastal headlands and related areas;

      (G) Wild and scenic rivers and related lands;

      (H) Floodplains and areas of geologic hazard;

      (I) Unique wildlife habitats; and

      (J) Agricultural land.

      (d) Make a finding of statewide need for the adoption of any new goal or the amendment of any existing goal.

      (e) Design goals to allow a reasonable degree of flexibility in the application of goals by state agencies, cities, counties and special districts.

      (2) Goals shall not be land management regulations for specified geographic areas established through designation of an area of critical state concern under ORS 197.405.

      (3) The requirements of subsection (1)(a) of this section shall not be interpreted as requiring an assessment for each lot or parcel that could be affected by the proposed rule.

      (4) The commission may exempt cities with a population less than 10,000, or those areas of a county inside an urban growth boundary that contain a population less than 10,000, from all or any part of land use planning goals, guidelines and administrative rules that relate to transportation planning. [1973 c.80 §34; 1977 c.664 §17; 1981 c.748 §17; 1983 c.740 §50; 1995 c.299 §2; 1999 c.784 §1]

 

      197.235 Public hearings; notice; citizen involvement implementation; submission of proposals. (1) In preparing the goals and guidelines, the Department of Land Conservation and Development shall:

      (a) Hold at least 10 public hearings throughout the state, causing notice of the time, place and purpose of each hearing to be published in a newspaper of general circulation within the area where the hearing is to be conducted not later than 30 days prior to the date of the hearing. At least two public hearings must be held in each congressional district.

      (b) Implement any other provision for public involvement developed by the State Citizen Involvement Advisory Committee under ORS 197.160 (1) and approved by the Land Conservation and Development Commission.

      (2) Upon completion of the preparation of the proposed goals and guidelines, or amendments to those goals and guidelines, the department shall submit them to the commission, the Local Officials Advisory Committee, the State Citizen Involvement Advisory Committee and the appropriate legislative committee for review.

      (3) The commission shall consider the comments of the Local Officials Advisory Committee, the State Citizen Involvement Advisory Committee and the legislative committee before the adoption and amendment of the goals and guidelines.

      (4) Notwithstanding subsection (1)(a) of this section, when a legislative enactment or an initiative measure is inconsistent with the adopted goals and guidelines or directs the commission to make a specific change to the adopted goals and guidelines, the commission may amend the goals and guidelines after only one public hearing, at a location determined by the commission, if the proposed amendment:

      (a) Is necessary to conform the goals and guidelines to the legislative enactment or the initiative measure; and

      (b) Makes no change other than the conforming changes unless the change corrects an obvious scrivener’s error. [1973 c.80 §36; 1981 c.748 §28; 2005 c.147 §1; 2007 c.354 §9]

 

      197.240 Commission action; public hearing; notice; amendment; adoption. Upon receipt of the proposed goals and guidelines prepared and submitted to it by the Department of Land Conservation and Development, the Land Conservation and Development Commission shall:

      (1) Hold at least one public hearing on the proposed goals and guidelines. The commission shall cause notice of the time, place and purpose of the hearings and the place where copies of the proposed goals and guidelines are available before the hearings with the cost thereof to be published in a newspaper of general circulation in the state not later than 30 days prior to the date of the hearing. The department shall supply a copy of its proposed goals and guidelines to the Governor, the appropriate legislative committee, affected state agencies and special districts and to each local government without charge. The department shall provide copies of such proposed goals and guidelines to other public agencies or persons upon request and payment of the cost of preparing the copies of the materials requested.

      (2) Consider the recommendations and comments received from the public hearings conducted under subsection (1) of this section, make any amendments to the proposed goals and guidelines that it considers necessary and approve the proposed goals and guidelines as they may be amended by the commission. [1973 c.80 §37; 1981 c.748 §28a; 2007 c.354 §10]

 

      197.245 Commission amendment of initial goals; adoption of new goals. The Land Conservation and Development Commission may periodically amend the initial goals and guidelines adopted under ORS 197.240 and adopt new goals and guidelines. The adoption of amendments to or of new goals shall be done in the manner provided in ORS 197.235 and 197.240 and shall specify with particularity those goal provisions that are applicable to land use decisions, expedited land divisions and limited land use decisions before plan revision. The commission shall establish the effective date for application of a new or amended goal. Absent a compelling reason, the commission shall not require a comprehensive plan, new or amended land use regulation, land use decision, expedited land division or limited land use decision to be consistent with a new or amended goal until one year after the date of adoption. [1973 c.80 §38; 1981 c.748 §29; 1991 c.612 §10; 1991 c.817 §22a; 1995 c.595 §24]

 

      197.247 [1983 c.826 §2; repealed by 1993 c.792 §55]

 

      197.250 Compliance with goals required. Except as otherwise provided in ORS 197.245, all comprehensive plans and land use regulations adopted by a local government to carry out those comprehensive plans and all plans, programs, rules or regulations affecting land use adopted by a state agency or special district shall be in compliance with the goals within one year after the date those goals are approved by the Land Conservation and Development Commission. [1973 c.80 §32; 1977 c.664 §19; 1981 c.748 §29a; 1983 c.827 §56a]

 

      197.251 Compliance acknowledgment; commission review; rules; limited acknowledgment; compliance schedule. (1) Upon the request of a local government, the Land Conservation and Development Commission shall by order grant, deny or continue acknowledgment of compliance of comprehensive plan and land use regulations with the goals. A commission order granting, denying or continuing acknowledgment shall be entered within 90 days of the date of the request by the local government unless the commission finds that due to extenuating circumstances a period of time greater than 90 days is required.

      (2) In accordance with rules of the commission, the Director of the Department of Land Conservation and Development shall prepare a report for the commission stating whether the comprehensive plan and land use regulations for which acknowledgment is sought are in compliance with the goals. The rules of the commission shall:

      (a) Provide a reasonable opportunity for persons to prepare and to submit to the director written comments and objections to the acknowledgment request; and

      (b) Authorize the director to investigate and in the report to resolve issues raised in the comments and objections or by the director’s own review of the comprehensive plan and land use regulations.

      (3) Upon completion of the report and before the commission meeting at which the director’s report is to be considered, the director shall afford the local government and persons who submitted written comments or objections a reasonable opportunity to file written exceptions to the report.

      (4) The commission’s review of the acknowledgment request shall be confined to the record of proceedings before the local government, any comments, objections and exceptions filed under subsections (2) and (3) of this section and the report of the director. Upon its consideration of an acknowledgment request, the commission may entertain oral argument from the director and from persons who filed written comments, objections or exceptions. However, the commission shall not allow additional evidence or testimony that could have been presented to the local government or to the director but was not.

      (5) A commission order granting, denying or continuing acknowledgment shall include a clear statement of findings which sets forth the basis for the approval, denial or continuance of acknowledgment. The findings shall:

      (a) Identify the goals applicable to the comprehensive plan and land use regulations; and

      (b) Include a clear statement of findings in support of the determinations of compliance and noncompliance.

      (6) A commission order granting acknowledgment shall be limited to an identifiable geographic area described in the order if:

      (a) Only the identified geographic area is the subject of the acknowledgment request; or

      (b) Specific geographic areas do not comply with the applicable goals, and the goal requirements are not technical or minor in nature.

      (7) The commission may issue a limited acknowledgment order when a previously issued acknowledgment order is reversed or remanded by the Court of Appeals or the Oregon Supreme Court. Such a limited acknowledgment order may deny or continue acknowledgment of that part of the comprehensive plan or land use regulations that the court found not in compliance or not consistent with the goals and grant acknowledgment of all other parts of the comprehensive plan and land use regulations.

      (8) A limited acknowledgment order shall be considered an acknowledgment for all purposes and shall be a final order for purposes of judicial review with respect to the acknowledged geographic area. A limited order may be adopted in conjunction with a continuance or denial order.

      (9) The director shall notify the Real Estate Agency, the local government and all persons who filed comments or objections with the director of any grant, denial or continuance of acknowledgment.

      (10) The commission may grant a planning extension, which shall be a grant of additional time for a local government to comply with the goals in accordance with a compliance schedule. A compliance schedule shall be a listing of the tasks which the local government must complete in order to bring its comprehensive plan, land use regulations, land use decisions and limited land use decisions into initial compliance with the goals, including a generalized time schedule showing when the tasks are estimated to be completed and when a comprehensive plan or land use regulations which comply with the goals are estimated to be adopted. In developing a compliance schedule, the commission shall consider the population, geographic area, resources and capabilities of the city or county.

      (11) As used in this section:

      (a) “Continuance” means a commission order that:

      (A) Certifies that all or part of a comprehensive plan, land use regulations or both a comprehensive plan and land use regulations do not comply with one or more goals;

      (B) Specifies amendments or other action that must be completed within a specified time period for acknowledgment to occur; and

      (C) Is a final order for purposes of judicial review of the comprehensive plan, land use regulations or both the comprehensive plan and land use regulations as to the parts found consistent or in compliance with the goals.

      (b) “Denial” means a commission order that:

      (A) Certifies that a comprehensive plan, land use regulations or both a comprehensive plan and land use regulations do not comply with one or more goals;

      (B) Specifies amendments or other action that must be completed for acknowledgment to occur; and

      (C) Is used when the amendments or other changes required in the comprehensive plan, land use regulations or both the comprehensive plan and land use regulations affect many goals and are likely to take a substantial period of time to complete. [1977 c.766 §18; 1979 c.242 §3; 1981 c.748 §7; 1983 c.827 §5; 1985 c.811 §13; 1991 c.817 §23; 1993 c.438 §2]

 

      197.252 [1977 c.664 §20a; 1979 c.772 §7a; repealed by 1981 c.748 §56]

 

      197.253 Participation in local proceedings required for submitting comments and objections. Notwithstanding the provisions of ORS 197.251 (2)(a), a person may not submit written comments and objections to the acknowledgment request of any city or county that submits its plan or regulations to the Land Conservation and Development Commission for acknowledgment for the first time after August 9, 1983, unless the person participated either orally or in writing in the local government proceedings leading to the adoption of the plan and regulations. [1983 c.827 §5a]

 

      197.254 Bar to contesting acknowledgment, appealing or seeking amendment. (1) A state agency is barred, after the date set for submission of programs by the Land Conservation and Development Commission as provided in ORS 197.180 (4), from contesting a request for acknowledgment submitted by a local government under ORS 197.251 or from filing an appeal of a post-acknowledgement change under ORS 197.610 to 197.625 to a comprehensive plan or a land use regulation, if the commission finds that:

      (a) The state agency has not complied with ORS 197.180; or

      (b) The state agency has not coordinated its plans, programs or rules affecting land use with the comprehensive plan or land use regulations of the city or county pursuant to a coordination program approved by the commission under ORS 197.180.

      (2) A state agency is barred from seeking a commission order under ORS 197.644 requiring amendment of a local government comprehensive plan or a land use regulation in order to comply with the agency’s plan or program unless the agency has first requested the amendment from the local government and has had its request denied.

      (3) A special district is barred from contesting a request for initial compliance acknowledgment submitted by a local government under ORS 197.251 or from filing an appeal of a post-acknowledgement change under ORS 197.610 to 197.625 to a comprehensive plan or a land use regulation, if the county or metropolitan service district assigned coordinative functions under ORS 195.025 (1) finds that:

      (a) The special district has not entered into a cooperative agreement under ORS 195.020; or

      (b) The special district has not coordinated its plans, programs or regulations affecting land use with the comprehensive plan or land use regulations of the local government pursuant to its cooperative agreement made under ORS 195.020.

      (4) A special district is barred from seeking a commission order under ORS 197.644 requiring amendment of a local government comprehensive plan or a land use regulation in order to comply with the special district’s plan or program unless the special district has first requested the amendment from the local government and has had its request denied. [1977 c.664 §16; 1981 c.748 §11; 1983 c.827 §57; 1991 c.612 §11; 2009 c.606 §4; 2011 c.280 §7]

 

      197.255 [1973 c.80 §39; 1981 c.748 §29b; 1983 c.827 §57a; renumbered 195.035 in 1993]

 

      197.256 Acknowledgment deadline for newly incorporated cities. Cities incorporated after January 1, 1982, shall have their comprehensive plans and land use regulations acknowledged under ORS 197.251 no later than four years after the date of incorporation. [Formerly 197.757]

 

      197.260 [1973 c.80 §44; 1981 c.748 §29c; renumbered 195.040 in 1993]

 

      197.265 State compensation for costs of defending compliance actions. (1) As used in this section, “action” includes but is not limited to a proceeding under ORS 197.830 to 197.845.

      (2) If any action is brought against a local government challenging any comprehensive plan, land use regulation or other action of the local government which was adopted or taken for the primary purpose of complying with the goals approved under ORS 197.240 and which does in fact comply with the goals, then the Land Conservation and Development Commission shall pay reasonable attorney fees and court costs incurred by such local government in the action or suit including any appeal, to the extent funds have been specifically appropriated to the commission therefor. [1977 c.898 §2; 1979 c.772 §7b; 1981 c.748 §39; 1983 c.827 §6]

 

      197.270 Copies of comprehensive plan and land use regulations; post review. Within six months following completion of the periodic review process, the affected local government shall file three complete and accurate copies of its comprehensive plan and land use regulations with the Department of Land Conservation and Development. This document can be either a new printing or an up-to-date compilation of the required materials. [1987 c.729 §13]

      197.274 Review of Metro regional framework plan. (1) The Metro regional framework plan, its separate components and amendments to the regional framework plan or to its separate components are subject to review:

      (a) For compliance with land use planning statutes, statewide land use planning goals and administrative rules corresponding to the statutes and goals, in the same manner as a comprehensive plan for purposes of:

      (A) Acknowledgment of compliance with the goals under ORS 197.251; and

      (B) Post-acknowledgment procedures under ORS 197.610 to 197.651; and

      (b) As a land use decision under ORS 197.805 to 197.855 and 197.860.

      (2) With the prior consent of the Land Conservation and Development Commission, Metro may submit to the Department of Land Conservation and Development an amendment to the Metro regional framework plan or to a component of the regional framework plan in the manner provided for periodic review under ORS 197.628 to 197.651, if the amendment implements a program to meet the requirements of a land use planning statute, a statewide land use planning goal or an administrative rule corresponding to a statute or goal. [1993 c.438 §3; 1999 c.59 §55; 1999 c.348 §5; 2003 c.793 §1]

 

      197.275 [1973 c.80 §40; 1977 c.664 §21; repealed by 1981 c.748 §56]

 

      197.277 Oregon Forest Practices Act; exclusion. (1) The goals and rules established in ORS chapters 195, 196, 197 and 197A do not apply to programs, rules, procedures, decisions, determinations or activities carried out under the Oregon Forest Practices Act administered under ORS 527.610 to 527.770, 527.990 (1) and 527.992.

      (2) No goal or rule shall be adopted, construed or administered in a manner to require or allow local governments to take any action prohibited by ORS 527.722.

      (3) The Land Conservation and Development Commission shall amend goals and rules as necessary to implement ORS 197.180, 197.277, 197.825, 215.050, 477.440, 477.455, 477.460, 526.009, 526.016, 526.156, 527.620, 527.630, 527.660, 527.670, 527.683 to 527.687, 527.715, 527.990 and 527.992. [1987 c.919 §2; 2013 c.307 §5]

 

      197.279 Approved wetland conservation plans comply with goals; exception; rules. (1) Wetland conservation plans approved by the Director of the Department of State Lands pursuant to ORS chapter 196 shall be deemed to comply with the requirements of statewide planning goals relating to other than estuarine wetlands for those areas, uses and activities which are regulated by the wetland conservation plans.

      (2) Wetland conservation plans shall be adopted and amended by local governments according to the procedures of ORS 197.610 to 197.625.

      (3) The department shall adopt by rule:

      (a) Standards for cities and counties to use to inventory and identify wetlands; and

      (b) Criteria for cities and counties to use to determine when a wetland is a significant wetland. [1989 c.837 §25; 1995 c.472 §2]

 

      197.280 [1973 c.80 §41; repealed by 1977 c.664 §42 and 1977 c.766 §16]

 

      197.283 Commission to assure protection of ground water resources. (1) The Land Conservation and Development Commission shall take actions it considers necessary to assure that city and county comprehensive plans and land use regulations and state agency coordination programs are consistent with the goal set forth in ORS 468B.155.

      (2) The commission shall direct the Department of Land Conservation and Development to take actions the department considers appropriate to assure that any information contained in a city or county comprehensive plan that pertains to the ground water resource of Oregon shall be forwarded to the centralized repository established under ORS 468B.167. [1989 c.833 §48]

 

      197.285 [1973 c.80 §42; repealed by 1981 c.748 §56]

 

      197.286 [Formerly 197.295; 2022 c.54 §5; 2023 c.13 §12; 2023 c.283 §1; 2023 c.326 §8; renumbered 197A.015 in 2023]

 

      197.290 [2019 c.640 §4; 2021 c.164 §3; 2023 c.13 §28; 2023 c.326 §15; renumbered 197A.100 in 2023]

 

      197.291 [2019 c.640 §5; 2023 c.13 §31; 2023 c.326 §17; renumbered 197A.103 in 2023]

 

      197.293 [2019 c.640 §6; renumbered 197A.130 in 2023]

 

      197.295 [1981 c.884 §4; 1983 c.795 §1; 1987 c.785 §1; 1989 c.648 §51; 1991 c.226 §16; 1991 c.612 §12; 1995 c.79 §73; 1995 c.547 §2; 2019 c.422 §29; renumbered 197.286 in 2019]

 

      197.296 [1995 c.547 §3; 2001 c.908 §1; 2003 c.177 §1; 2015 c.27 §19; 2017 c.102 §1; 2019 c.639 §5; 2019 c.640 §8a; 2021 c.164 §3a; 2023 c.13 §25; 2023 c.326 §13; renumbered 197A.350 in 2023]

 

      197.297 [2021 c.164 §2; 2023 c.13 §26; renumbered 197A.335 in 2023]

 

      197.298 [1995 c.547 §5; 1999 c.59 §56; 2013 c.575 §12; 2023 c.13 §77; renumbered 197A.355 in 2023]

 

      197.299 [1997 c.763 §2; 2001 c.908 §2; 2005 c.590 §1; 2007 c.579 §2; 2014 c.92 §5; 2017 c.199 §1; 2019 c.640 §9; 2021 c.164 §4; 2023 c.13 §78; renumbered 197A.362 in 2023]

 

      197.300 [1973 c.80 §51; 1977 c.664 §22; repealed by 1979 c.772 §26]

 

      197.301 [1997 c.763 §3; renumbered 197A.370 in 2023]

 

      197.302 [1997 c.763 §4; 2001 c.908 §3; 2023 c.13 §79; renumbered 197A.372 in 2023]

 

      197.303 [1981 c.884 §6; 1983 c.795 §2; 1989 c.380 §1; 2011 c.354 §2; 2017 c.745 §4; 2019 c.639 §6; 2019 c.640 §10a; 2023 c.13 §27; 2023 c.223 §18a; 2023 c.326 §14; renumbered 197A.348 in 2023]

 

      197.304 [2007 c.650 §2; 2023 c.13 §80; renumbered 197A.278 in 2023]

 

      197.305 [1973 c.80 §52; 1977 c.664 §23; repealed by 1979 c.772 §26]

 

      197.307 [1981 c.884 §5; 1983 c.795 §3; 1989 c.380 §2; 1989 c.964 §6; 1993 c.184 §3; 1997 c.733 §2; 1999 c.357 §1; 2001 c.613 §2; 2011 c.354 §3; 2017 c.745 §5; 2019 c.401 §§7,14; 2022 c.54 §2; 2023 c.13 §81; 2023 c.533 §1; subsections (1) to (3) renumbered 197A.200 and subsections (4) to (7) renumbered 197A.400 in 2023]

 

      197.308 [2021 c.385 §1; 2022 c.47 §4; 2023 c.334 §6; 2023 c.521 §1a; 2023 c.548 §1; renumbered 197A.445 in 2023]

 

      197.309 [1999 c.848 §2; 2007 c.691 §8; 2016 c.59 §1; 2019 c.412 §1; renumbered 197A.465 in 2023]

 

      197.310 [1973 c.80 §53; 1977 c.664 §24; repealed by 1979 c.772 §26]

 

      197.311 [2017 c.745 §1; 2021 c.446 §3; renumbered 197A.470 in 2023]

 

      197.312 [1983 c.795 §5; 1989 c.964 §7; 2001 c.437 §1; 2001 c.613 §3; 2011 c.354 §4; 2017 c.745 §6; 2018 c.15 §7; 2019 c.639 §7; 2022 c.54 §4; subsections (1) to (4) renumbered 197A.395 and subsections (5) and (6) renumbered 197A.425 in 2023]

 

      197.313 [1983 c.795 §6; 2023 c.13 §82; renumbered 197A.020 in 2023]

 

      197.314 [1993 c.184 §2; 1997 c.295 §1; 1999 c.348 §7; 2005 c.22 §139; 2011 c.354 §5; 2022 c.54 §1; renumbered 197.478 in 2023]

 

      197.315 [1973 c.80 §54; 1977 c.664 §25; repealed by 1979 c.772 §26]

 

ENFORCEMENT OF PLANNING REQUIREMENTS

 

      197.319 Procedures prior to request of an enforcement order. (1) Before a person may request adoption of an enforcement order under ORS 197.320, the person shall:

      (a) Present the reasons, in writing, for such an order to the affected local government; and

      (b) Request:

      (A) Revisions to the local comprehensive plan, land use regulations, special district cooperative or urban service agreement or decision-making process which is the basis for the order; or

      (B) That an action be taken regarding the local comprehensive plan, land use regulations, special district agreement, housing production strategy or decision-making process that is the basis for the order.

      (2)(a) The local government or special district shall issue a written response to the request within 60 days of the date the request is mailed to the local government or special district.

      (b) The requestor and the local government or special district may enter into mediation to resolve issues in the request. The Department of Land Conservation and Development shall provide mediation services when jointly requested by the local government or special district and the requestor.

      (c) If the local government or special district does not act in a manner which the requestor believes is adequate to address the issues raised in the request within the time period provided in paragraph (a) of this subsection, a petition may be presented to the Land Conservation and Development Commission under ORS 197.324.

      (3) A metropolitan service district may request an enforcement order under ORS 197.320 (12) without first complying with subsections (1) and (2) of this section. [1989 c.761 §4; 1993 c.804 §9; 2007 c.176 §2; 2019 c.640 §11]

 

      Note: The amendments to 197.319 by section 15, chapter 13, Oregon Laws 2023, become operative January 1, 2025. See section 18, chapter 13, Oregon Laws 2023. The text that is operative on and after January 1, 2025, is set forth for the user’s convenience.

      197.319. (1) Before a person may request adoption of an enforcement order under ORS 197.320, the person shall:

      (a) Present the reasons, in writing, for such an order to the affected local government; and

      (b) Request:

      (A) Revisions to the local comprehensive plan, land use regulations, special district cooperative or urban service agreement or decision-making process which is the basis for the order; or

      (B) That an action be taken regarding the local comprehensive plan, land use regulations, special district agreement, housing production strategy or decision-making process that is the basis for the order.

      (2)(a) The local government or special district shall issue a written response to the request within 60 days of the date the request is mailed to the local government or special district.

      (b) The requestor and the local government or special district may enter into mediation to resolve issues in the request. The Department of Land Conservation and Development shall provide mediation services when jointly requested by the local government or special district and the requestor.

      (c) If the local government or special district does not act in a manner which the requestor believes is adequate to address the issues raised in the request within the time period provided in paragraph (a) of this subsection, a petition may be presented to the Land Conservation and Development Commission under ORS 197.324.

      (3) A metropolitan service district may request an enforcement order under ORS 197.320 (12) without first complying with subsections (1) and (2) of this section.

      (4) The department, without the prior approval of the commission, may request an enforcement order under ORS 197.320 (13) without first complying with subsections (1) and (2) of this section. Notwithstanding ORS 183.635 (2) and 197.328 (1), the request under this subsection must be assigned to an administrative law judge appointed under ORS 183.635 unless the commission has previously appointed a hearing officer or a pool of hearing officers to review petitions filed under this section. Before the entry of a final order under ORS 197.319 to 197.335, the department, in its discretion, may dismiss a petition filed by the department under this section and refer a city to the housing acceleration program under ORS 197A.130.

 

      197.320 Power of commission to order compliance with goals and plans. The Land Conservation and Development Commission shall issue an order requiring a local government, state agency or special district to take action necessary to bring its comprehensive plan, land use regulation, limited land use decisions or other land use decisions or actions into compliance with the goals, acknowledged comprehensive plan provisions, land use regulations or housing production strategy if the commission has good cause to believe:

      (1) A comprehensive plan or land use regulation adopted by a local government not on a compliance schedule is not in compliance with the goals by the date set in ORS 197.245 or 197.250 for such compliance;

      (2) A plan, program, rule or regulation affecting land use adopted by a state agency or special district is not in compliance with the goals by the date set in ORS 197.245 or 197.250 for such compliance;

      (3) A local government is not making satisfactory progress toward performance of its compliance schedule;

      (4) A state agency is not making satisfactory progress in carrying out its coordination agreement or the requirements of ORS 197.180;

      (5) A local government has no comprehensive plan or land use regulation and is not on a compliance schedule directed to developing the plan or regulation;

      (6) A local government has engaged in a pattern or practice of decision-making that violates an acknowledged comprehensive plan or land use regulation. In making its determination under this subsection, the commission shall determine whether there is evidence in the record to support the decisions made. The commission shall not judge the issue solely upon adequacy of the findings in support of the decisions;

      (7) A local government has failed to comply with a commission order entered under ORS 197.644;

      (8) A special district has engaged in a pattern or practice of decision-making that violates an acknowledged comprehensive plan or cooperative agreement adopted pursuant to ORS 197.020;

      (9) A special district is not making satisfactory progress toward performance of its obligations under ORS chapters 195, 197 and 197A;

      (10) A local government’s approval standards, special conditions on approval of specific development proposals or procedures for approval do not comply with ORS 197A.400 (1) or (3);

      (11) A local government is not making satisfactory progress toward meeting its obligations under ORS 195.065;

      (12) A local government within the jurisdiction of a metropolitan service district has failed to make changes to the comprehensive plan or land use regulations to comply with the regional framework plan of the district or has engaged in a pattern or practice of decision-making that violates a requirement of the regional framework plan; or

      (13) A city is not making satisfactory progress in taking actions listed in its housing production strategy under ORS 197A.100. [1977 c.664 §34; 1979 c.284 §123; 1981 c.748 §32; 1983 c.827 §58; 1987 c.729 §8; 1989 c.761 §2; 1991 c.612 §13; 1991 c.817 §24; 1993 c.804 §10; 1995 c.547 §4; 2003 c.793 §2; 2007 c.176 §3; 2015 c.374 §1; 2019 c.640 §12]

 

      Note: The amendments to 197.320 by section 16, chapter 13, Oregon Laws 2023, become operative January 1, 2025. See section 18, chapter 13, Oregon Laws 2023. The text that is operative on and after January 1, 2025, including amendments by section 11, chapter 326, Oregon Laws 2023, is set forth for the user’s convenience.

      197.320. The Land Conservation and Development Commission shall issue an order requiring a local government, state agency or special district to take action necessary to bring its comprehensive plan, land use regulation, limited land use decisions or other land use decisions or actions into compliance with the goals, acknowledged comprehensive plan provisions, land use regulations, housing production strategy or housing acceleration agreements if the commission has good cause to believe:

      (1) A comprehensive plan or land use regulation adopted by a local government not on a compliance schedule is not in compliance with the goals by the date set in ORS 197.245 or 197.250 for such compliance.

      (2) A plan, program, rule or regulation affecting land use adopted by a state agency or special district is not in compliance with the goals by the date set in ORS 197.245 or 197.250 for such compliance.

      (3) A local government is not making satisfactory progress toward performance of its compliance schedule.

      (4) A state agency is not making satisfactory progress in carrying out its coordination agreement or the requirements of ORS 197.180.

      (5) A local government has no comprehensive plan or land use regulation and is not on a compliance schedule directed to developing the plan or regulation.

      (6) A local government has engaged in a pattern or practice of decision-making that violates an acknowledged comprehensive plan or land use regulation. In making its determination under this subsection, the commission shall determine whether there is evidence in the record to support the decisions made. The commission shall not judge the issue solely upon adequacy of the findings in support of the decisions.

      (7) A local government has failed to comply with a commission order entered under ORS 197.644.

      (8) A special district has engaged in a pattern or practice of decision-making that violates an acknowledged comprehensive plan or cooperative agreement adopted pursuant to ORS 197.020.

      (9) A special district is not making satisfactory progress toward performance of its obligations under ORS chapters 195, 197 and 197A.

      (10) A local government’s approval standards, special conditions on approval of specific development proposals or procedures for approval do not comply with ORS 197A.400 (1) or (3).

      (11) A local government is not making satisfactory progress toward meeting its obligations under ORS 195.065.

      (12) A local government within the jurisdiction of a metropolitan service district has failed to make changes to the comprehensive plan or land use regulations to comply with the regional framework plan of the district or has engaged in a pattern or practice of decision-making that violates a requirement of the regional framework plan.

      (13) A city with a population of 10,000 or greater that:

      (a) Has a pattern or practice of violating housing-related statutes or implementing policies that create unreasonable cost or delay to the production of housing as described in ORS 197A.400 (1);

      (b) Has a pattern or practice of creating adverse disparate impacts to state or federal protected classes or inhibiting equitable access to housing choice, as described in ORS 197A.100 (2)(b) to (d);

      (c) Has failed to enter into a housing acceleration agreement as required under ORS 197A.130 (6); or

      (d) Has materially breached a term of a housing acceleration agreement under ORS 197A.130 (8), including a failure to meet the timeline for performance under ORS 197A.130 (8)(a)(A).

 

      197.324 Proceedings prior to order of compliance with goals; disclosure notice. (1) On its own motion, the Land Conservation and Development Commission may initiate a proceeding to carry out the provisions of ORS 197.320. If the commission proceeds on its own motion, it shall proceed as set forth in ORS 197.328.

      (2)(a) After a person meets the requirements of ORS 197.319, the person may file a petition to request that the commission consider the matter. Filing occurs upon mailing the petition to the Department of Land Conservation and Development.

      (b) The commission shall determine if there is good cause to proceed on the petition.

      (c) If the commission determines that there is not good cause to proceed on the petition, the commission shall issue a final order dismissing the petition, stating the reasons therefor.

      (d) If the commission determines that there is good cause to proceed on the petition, the commission shall proceed as set forth in ORS 197.328.

      (3) Following initiation of a proceeding under subsection (1) of this section or a determination by the commission that there is good cause to proceed on a petition under subsection (2) of this section, the affected local government shall include the following disclosure in any subsequent notice of a land use decision that could be affected by the enforcement order:

______________________________________________________________________________

NOTICE: THE OREGON LAND CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT COMMISSION HAS FOUND GOOD CAUSE FOR AN ENFORCEMENT PROCEEDING AGAINST ________ (Name of local government). AN ENFORCEMENT ORDER MAY BE EVENTUALLY ADOPTED THAT COULD LIMIT, PROHIBIT OR REQUIRE APPLICATION OF SPECIFIED CRITERIA TO ANY ACTION AUTHORIZED BY THIS DECISION BUT NOT APPLIED FOR UNTIL AFTER ADOPTION OF THE ENFORCEMENT ORDER. FUTURE APPLICATIONS FOR BUILDING PERMITS OR ANY TIME EXTENSIONS MAY BE AFFECTED.

______________________________________________________________________________ [1989 c.761 §5; 1995 c.778 §3]

 

      197.325 [1973 c.80 §45; repealed by 1977 c.664 §42]

 

      197.328 Procedures to consider order to comply with goals. If a proceeding is initiated under ORS 197.324, the following procedures apply:

      (1) The Land Conservation and Development Commission shall hold a hearing to consider the petition or shall appoint a hearings officer to consider the petition under the provisions of ORS chapter 183 applicable to contested cases, except as otherwise provided in this section.

      (2) The commission or hearings officer shall schedule a hearing within 45 days of receipt of the petition.

      (3) If the commission appoints a hearings officer, the hearings officer shall prepare a proposed order, including recommended findings and conclusions of law. The proposed order shall be served on the Department of Land Conservation and Development and all parties to the hearing within 30 days of the date the record closed.

      (4) If the commission appoints a hearings officer, the commission review of the proposed order shall be limited to the record of proceedings before the hearings officer. In its review of a proposed order, the commission shall not receive new evidence but shall hear arguments as to the proposed order and any exceptions. Any exception to the proposed order shall be filed with the commission no later than 15 days following issuance of the proposed order.

      (5) The commission shall adopt a final order relative to a petition no later than 120 days from the date the petition was filed. [1989 c.761 §6]

 

      197.330 [1973 c.80 §50; repealed by 1977 c.664 §42]

 

      197.335 Order for compliance with goals; review of order; withholding grant funds; injunctions. (1) An order issued under ORS 197.328 and the copy of the order mailed to the local government, state agency or special district shall set forth:

      (a) The nature of the noncompliance, including, but not limited to, the contents of the comprehensive plan or land use regulation, if any, of a local government that do not comply with the goals or the contents of a plan, program or regulation affecting land use adopted by a state agency or special district that do not comply with the goals. In the case of a pattern or practice of decision-making which violates the goals, comprehensive plan or land use regulations, the order shall specify the decision-making which constitutes the pattern or practice, including specific provisions the Land Conservation and Development Commission believes are being misapplied;

      (b) The specific lands, if any, within a local government for which the existing plan or land use regulation, if any, does not comply with the goals; and

      (c) The corrective action decided upon by the commission, including the specific requirements, with which the local government, state agency or special district must comply. In the case of a pattern or practice of decision-making that violates an acknowledged comprehensive plan or land use regulation, the commission may require revisions to the comprehensive plan, land use regulations or local procedures which the commission believes are necessary to correct the pattern or practice. Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, except as provided in subsection (3)(c) of this section, an enforcement order does not affect:

      (A) Land use applications filed with a local government prior to the date of adoption of the enforcement order unless specifically identified by the order;

      (B) Land use approvals issued by a local government prior to the date of adoption of the enforcement order; or

      (C) The time limit for exercising land use approvals issued by a local government prior to the date of adoption of the enforcement order.

      (2) Judicial review of a final order of the commission shall be governed by the provisions of ORS chapter 183 applicable to contested cases except as otherwise stated in this section. The commission’s final order shall include a clear statement of findings which set forth the basis for the order. Where a petition to review the order has been filed in the Court of Appeals, the commission shall transmit to the court the entire administrative record of the proceeding under review. Notwithstanding ORS 183.482 (3) relating to a stay of enforcement of an agency order, an appellate court, before it may stay an order of the commission, shall give due consideration to the public interest in the continued enforcement of the commission’s order and may consider testimony or affidavits thereon. Upon review, an appellate court may affirm, reverse, modify or remand the order. The court shall reverse, modify or remand the order only if it finds:

      (a) The order to be unlawful in substance or procedure, but error in procedure shall not be cause for reversal, modification or remand unless the court shall find that substantial rights of any party were prejudiced thereby;

      (b) The order to be unconstitutional;

      (c) The order is invalid because it exceeds the statutory authority of the agency; or

      (d) The order is not supported by substantial evidence in the whole record.

      (3)(a) If the commission finds that in the interim period during which a local government, state agency or special district would be bringing itself into compliance with the commission’s order under ORS 197.320 or subsection (2) of this section it would be contrary to the public interest in the conservation or sound development of land to allow the continuation of some or all categories of land use decisions or limited land use decisions, it shall, as part of its order, limit, prohibit or require the approval by the local government of applications for subdivisions, partitions, building permits, limited land use decisions or land use decisions until the plan, land use regulation or subsequent land use decisions and limited land use decisions are brought into compliance. The commission may issue an order that requires review of local decisions by a hearings officer or the Department of Land Conservation and Development before the local decision becomes final.

      (b) Any requirement under this subsection may be imposed only if the commission finds that the activity, if continued, aggravates the goal, comprehensive plan or land use regulation violation and that the requirement is necessary to correct the violation.

      (c) The limitations on enforcement orders under subsection (1)(c)(B) of this section shall not be interpreted to affect the commission’s authority to limit, prohibit or require application of specified criteria to subsequent land use decisions involving land use approvals issued by a local government prior to the date of adoption of the enforcement order.

      (4) As part of its order under ORS 197.320 or subsection (2) of this section, the commission may withhold grant funds from the local government to which the order is directed. As part of an order issued under this section, the commission may notify the officer responsible for disbursing state-shared revenues to withhold that portion of state-shared revenues to which the local government is entitled under ORS 221.770, 323.455, 366.762 and 366.800 and ORS chapter 471 which represents the amount of state planning grant moneys previously provided the local government by the commission. The officer responsible for disbursing state-shared revenues shall withhold state-shared revenues as outlined in this section and shall release funds to the local government or department when notified to so do by the commission or its designee. The commission may retain a portion of the withheld revenues to cover costs of providing services incurred under the order, including use of a hearings officer or staff resources to monitor land use decisions and limited land use decisions or conduct hearings. The remainder of the funds withheld under this provision shall be released to the local government upon completion of requirements of the commission order.

      (5)(a) As part of its order under this section, the commission may notify the officer responsible for disbursing funds from any grant or loan made by a state agency to withhold such funds from a special district to which the order is directed. The officer responsible for disbursing funds shall withhold funds as outlined in this section and shall release funds to the special district or department when notified to do so by the commission.

      (b) The commission may retain a portion of the funds withheld to cover costs of providing services incurred under the order, including use of a hearings officer or staff resources to monitor land use decisions and limited land use decisions or conduct hearings. The remainder of the funds withheld under this provision shall be released to the special district upon completion of the requirements of the commission order.

      (6) The commission may institute actions or proceedings for legal or equitable remedies in the Circuit Court for Marion County or in the circuit court for the county to which the commission’s order is directed or within which all or a portion of the applicable city is located to enforce compliance with the provisions of any order issued under this section or to restrain violations thereof. Such actions or proceedings may be instituted without the necessity of prior agency notice, hearing and order on an alleged violation. [1989 c.761 §7; 1991 c.817 §25; 1993 c.804 §11; 1995 c.301 §36; 1995 c.778 §1]

 

      Note: The amendments to 197.335 by section 17, chapter 13, Oregon Laws 2023, become operative January 1, 2025. See section 18, chapter 13, Oregon Laws 2023. The text that is operative on and after January 1, 2025, is set forth for the user’s convenience.

      197.335. (1) An order issued under ORS 197.328 and the copy of the order mailed to the local government, state agency or special district must set forth:

      (a) The nature of the noncompliance, including, but not limited to, the contents of the comprehensive plan or land use regulation, if any, of a local government that do not comply with the goals or the contents of a plan, program or regulation affecting land use adopted by a state agency or special district that do not comply with the goals. In the case of a pattern or practice of decision-making, the order must specify the decision-making that constitutes the pattern or practice, including specific provisions the Land Conservation and Development Commission believes are being misapplied.

      (b) The specific lands, if any, within a local government for which the existing plan or land use regulation, if any, does not comply with the goals.

      (c) The corrective action decided upon by the commission, including the specific requirements, with which the local government, state agency or special district must comply. In the case of a pattern or practice of decision-making, the commission may require revisions to the comprehensive plan, land use regulations or local procedures which the commission believes are necessary to correct the pattern or practice. Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, except as provided in subsection (3)(c) of this section, an enforcement order does not affect:

      (A) Land use applications filed with a local government prior to the date of adoption of the enforcement order unless specifically identified by the order;

      (B) Land use approvals issued by a local government prior to the date of adoption of the enforcement order; or

      (C) The time limit for exercising land use approvals issued by a local government prior to the date of adoption of the enforcement order.

      (2) Judicial review of a final order of the commission is governed by the provisions of ORS chapter 183 applicable to contested cases except as otherwise stated in this section. The commission’s final order must include a clear statement of findings which set forth the basis for the order. Where a petition to review the order has been filed in the Court of Appeals, the commission shall transmit to the court the entire administrative record of the proceeding under review. Notwithstanding ORS 183.482 (3) relating to a stay of enforcement of an agency order, an appellate court, before it may stay an order of the commission, shall give due consideration to the public interest in the continued enforcement of the commission’s order and may consider testimony or affidavits thereon. Upon review, an appellate court may affirm, reverse, modify or remand the order. The court shall reverse, modify or remand the order only if it finds:

      (a) The order to be unlawful in substance or procedure, but an error in procedure is not cause for reversal, modification or remand unless the court finds that substantial rights of any party were prejudiced thereby;

      (b) The order to be unconstitutional;

      (c) The order is invalid because it exceeds the statutory authority of the agency; or

      (d) The order is not supported by substantial evidence in the whole record.

      (3)(a) If the commission finds that in the interim period during which a local government, state agency or special district would be bringing itself into compliance with the commission’s order under ORS 197.320 or subsection (2) of this section it would be contrary to the public interest in the conservation or sound development of land to allow the continuation of some or all categories of land use decisions or limited land use decisions, it shall, as part of its order, limit, prohibit or require the approval by the local government of applications for subdivisions, partitions, building permits, limited land use decisions or land use decisions until the plan, land use regulation or subsequent land use decisions and limited land use decisions are brought into compliance. The commission may issue an order that requires review of local decisions by a hearings officer or the Department of Land Conservation and Development before the local decision becomes final.

      (b) Any requirement under this subsection may be imposed only if the commission finds that the activity, if continued, aggravates the goal, comprehensive plan or land use regulation violation and that the requirement is necessary to correct the violation.

      (c) The limitations on enforcement orders under subsection (1)(c)(B) of this section do not affect the commission’s authority to limit, prohibit or require application of specified criteria to subsequent land use decisions involving land use approvals issued by a local government prior to the date of adoption of the enforcement order.

      (4) As part of its order under ORS 197.320 or subsection (2) of this section, the commission may withhold grant funds from the local government to which the order is directed. As part of an order issued under this section, the commission may notify the officer responsible for disbursing state-shared revenues to withhold that portion of state-shared revenues to which the local government is entitled under ORS 221.770, 323.455, 366.762 and 366.800 and ORS chapter 471 which represents the amount of state planning grant moneys previously provided the local government by the commission. The officer responsible for disbursing state-shared revenues shall withhold state-shared revenues as outlined in this section and shall release funds to the local government or department when notified to so do by the commission or its designee. The commission may retain a portion of the withheld revenues to cover costs of providing services incurred under the order, including use of a hearings officer or staff resources to monitor land use decisions and limited land use decisions or conduct hearings. The remainder of the funds withheld under this provision shall be released to the local government upon completion of requirements of the commission order.

      (5)(a) As part of its order under this section, the commission may notify the officer responsible for disbursing funds from any grant or loan made by a state agency to withhold such funds from a special district to which the order is directed. The officer responsible for disbursing funds shall withhold funds as outlined in this section and shall release funds to the special district or department when notified to do so by the commission.

      (b) The commission may retain a portion of the funds withheld to cover costs of providing services incurred under the order, including use of a hearings officer or staff resources to monitor land use decisions and limited land use decisions or conduct hearings. The remainder of the funds withheld under this provision shall be released to the special district upon completion of the requirements of the commission order.

      (6) As part of its order under this section, upon finding a city failed to comply with ORS 197.320 (13), the commission may, consistent with the principles in ORS 197A.130 (1), require the city to:

      (a) Comply with the housing acceleration agreement under ORS 197A.130 (6).

      (b) Take specific actions that are part of the city’s housing production strategy under ORS 197A.100.

      (c) Impose appropriate models that have been developed by department, including model ordinances, procedures, actions or anti-displacement measures.

      (d) Reduce maximum timelines for review of needed housing or specific types of housing or affordability levels, including through ministerial approval or any other expedited existing approval process.

      (e) Take specific actions to waive or amend local ordinances.

      (f) Forfeit grant funds under subsection (4) of this section.

      (7) The commission may institute actions or proceedings for legal or equitable remedies in the Circuit Court for Marion County or in the circuit court for the county to which the commission’s order is directed or within which all or a portion of the applicable city is located to enforce compliance with the provisions of any order issued under this section or to restrain violations thereof. Such actions or proceedings may be instituted without the necessity of prior agency notice, hearing and order on an alleged violation.

 

      197.340 Weight given to goals in planning practice; regional diversity and needs. (1) The Land Conservation and Development Commission, the Department of Land Conservation and Development, other state agencies and local governments shall give the goals equal weight in any matter in which the goals are required to be applied.

      (2) The commission and the department shall consider and recognize regional diversity and differences in regional needs when making or reviewing a land use decision or otherwise applying the goals. [1981 c.748 §20; 1987 c.729 §1; 1995 c.521 §2]

 

      197.350 Burden of persuasion or proof in appeal to board or commission. (1) A party appealing a land use decision or limited land use decision made by a local government to the board or Land Conservation and Development Commission has the burden of persuasion.

      (2) A local government that claims an exception to a goal adopted by the commission has the burden of persuasion.

      (3) There shall be no burden of proof in administrative proceedings under ORS chapters 195, 196, 197 and 197A. [1981 c.748 §10a; 1983 c.827 §43; 1991 c.817 §26]

      197.352 [2005 c.1; 2007 c.354 §28; 2007 c.424 §4; renumbered 195.305 in 2007]

 

      197.353 Measure 37 timelines; death of claimant. (1) As used in this section:

      (a) “Claimant” means a person that makes a Measure 37 claim.

      (b) “Measure 37 claim” means a written demand for compensation under ORS 197.352.

      (c) “Land use regulation” has the meaning given that term in ORS 197.352.

      (d) “Owner” has the meaning given that term in ORS 197.352.

      (e) “Public entity” has the meaning given that term in ORS 197.352.

      (2) Notwithstanding ORS 197.352 (4) and (6), if a Measure 37 claim was made on or after November 1, 2006:

      (a) Just compensation under ORS 197.352 is due the owner of the property from the public entity only if the land use regulation continues to be enforced against the property 540 days after the Measure 37 claim is made to the public entity; and

      (b) The owner of the subject property has a cause of action for compensation under ORS 197.352 (6) only if a land use regulation continues to apply to the subject property more than 540 days after the Measure 37 claim is made.

      (3) If a claimant is an individual, the ability to make or prosecute a Measure 37 claim is not affected by the death of the claimant during the extended review period provided by subsection (2) of this section, and the ability to make or prosecute a Measure 37 claim for property that belonged to the claimant passes to the person who acquires the property by devise or by operation of law. [2007 c.133 §2]

 

      Note: 197.353 includes references to 197.352, which was amended and renumbered as 195.305 by action of the Legislative Assembly. See section 28, chapter 354, Oregon Laws 2007, and sections 1, 1a and 4, chapter 424, Oregon Laws 2007. The text of 197.353 was not amended to reflect the amendments or renumbering. Editorial adjustment of 197.353 for the amendments to and renumbering of 197.352 has not been made.

 

EXPEDITED AND MIDDLE HOUSING LAND DIVISIONS

 

      197.360 “Expedited land division” defined; applicability. (1) As used in this section:

      (a) “Expedited land division” means a division of land under ORS 92.010 to 92.192, 92.205 to 92.245 or 92.830 to 92.845 by a local government that:

      (A) Includes only land that is zoned for residential uses and is within an urban growth boundary.

      (B) Is solely for the purposes of residential use, including recreational or open space uses accessory to residential use.

      (C) Does not provide for dwellings or accessory buildings to be located on land that is specifically mapped and designated in the comprehensive plan and land use regulations for full or partial protection of natural features under the statewide planning goals that protect:

      (i) Open spaces, scenic and historic areas and natural resources;

      (ii) The Willamette River Greenway;

      (iii) Estuarine resources;

      (iv) Coastal shorelands; and

      (v) Beaches and dunes.

      (D) Satisfies minimum street or other right-of-way connectivity standards established by acknowledged land use regulations or, if such standards are not contained in the applicable regulations, as required by statewide planning goals or rules.

      (E) Will result in development that either:

      (i) Creates enough lots or parcels to allow building residential units at 80 percent or more of the maximum net density permitted by the zoning designation of the site; or

      (ii) Will be sold or rented to households with incomes below 120 percent of the median family income for the county in which the project is built.

      (b) “Expedited land division” includes land divisions that create three or fewer parcels under ORS 92.010 to 92.192 and meet the criteria set forth in paragraph (a) of this subsection.

      (2) An expedited land division as described in this section is not a land use decision or a limited land use decision under ORS 197.015 or a permit under ORS 215.402 or 227.160.

      (3) The provisions of ORS 197.360 to 197.380 apply to all elements of a local government comprehensive plan and land use regulations applicable to a land division, including any planned unit development standards and any procedures designed to regulate:

      (a) The physical characteristics of permitted uses;

      (b) The dimensions of the lots or parcels to be created; or

      (c) Transportation, sewer, water, drainage and other facilities or services necessary for the proposed development, including but not limited to right-of-way standards, facility dimensions and on-site and off-site improvements.

      (4) An application for an expedited land division submitted to a local government shall describe the manner in which the proposed division complies with each of the provisions of subsection (1) of this section. [1995 c.595 §7; 2015 c.260 §1]

 

      197.365 Application; notice to neighbors; comment period. Unless the applicant requests to use the procedure set forth in a comprehensive plan and land use regulations, a local government shall use the following procedure for an expedited land division, as described in ORS 197.360, or a middle housing land division under ORS 92.031:

      (1)(a) If the application for a land division is incomplete, the local government shall notify the applicant of exactly what information is missing within 21 days of receipt of the application and allow the applicant to submit the missing information. For purposes of computation of time under this section, the application shall be deemed complete on the date the applicant submits the requested information or refuses in writing to submit it.

      (b) If the application was complete when first submitted or the applicant submits the requested additional information within 180 days of the date the application was first submitted, approval or denial of the application shall be based upon the standards and criteria that were applicable at the time the application was first submitted.

      (2) The local government shall provide written notice of the receipt of the completed application for a land division to any state agency, local government or special district responsible for providing public facilities or services to the development and to owners of property within 100 feet of the entire contiguous site for which the application is made. The notification list shall be compiled from the most recent property tax assessment roll. For purposes of appeal to the referee under ORS 197.375, this requirement shall be deemed met when the local government can provide an affidavit or other certification that such notice was given. Notice shall also be provided to any neighborhood or community planning organization recognized by the governing body and whose boundaries include the site.

      (3) The notice required under subsection (2) of this section shall:

      (a) State:

      (A) The deadline for submitting written comments;

      (B) That issues that may provide the basis for an appeal to the referee must be raised in writing prior to the expiration of the comment period; and

      (C) That issues must be raised with sufficient specificity to enable the local government to respond to the issue.

      (b) Set forth, by commonly used citation, the applicable criteria for the decision.

      (c) Set forth the street address or other easily understood geographical reference to the subject property.

      (d) State the place, date and time that comments are due.

      (e) State a time and place where copies of all evidence submitted by the applicant will be available for review.

      (f) Include the name and telephone number of a local government contact person.

      (g) Briefly summarize the local decision-making process for the land division decision being made.

      (4) After notice under subsections (2) and (3) of this section, the local government shall:

      (a) Provide a 14-day period for submission of written comments prior to the decision.

      (b) Make a decision to approve or deny the application within 63 days of receiving a completed application, based on whether it satisfies the substantive requirements of the applicable land use regulations. An approval may include conditions to ensure that the application meets the applicable land use regulations. For applications subject to this section, the local government:

      (A) Shall not hold a hearing on the application; and

      (B) Shall issue a written determination of compliance or noncompliance with applicable land use regulations that includes a summary statement explaining the determination. The summary statement may be in any form reasonably intended to communicate the local government’s basis for the determination.

      (c) Provide notice of the decision to the applicant and to those who received notice under subsection (2) of this section within 63 days of the date of a completed application. The notice of decision shall include:

      (A) The summary statement described in paragraph (b)(B) of this subsection; and

      (B) An explanation of appeal rights under ORS 197.375. [1995 c.595 §8; 2015 c.260 §3; 2021 c.103 §6]

 

      197.370 Failure of local government to timely act on application. (1) Except as provided in subsection (2) of this section, if the local government does not make a decision on an expedited land division or a middle housing land division, as defined in ORS 92.031, within 63 days after the application is deemed complete, the applicant may apply in the circuit court for the county in which the application was filed for a writ of mandamus to compel the local government to issue the approval. The writ shall be issued unless the local government shows that the approval would violate a substantive provision of the applicable land use regulations or the requirements of ORS 92.031 or 197.360. A decision of the circuit court under this section may be appealed only to the Court of Appeals.

      (2) After seven days’ notice to the applicant, the governing body of the local government may, at a regularly scheduled public meeting, take action to extend the 63-day time period to a date certain for one or more applications for an expedited land division or a middle housing land division prior to the expiration of the 63-day period, based on a determination that an unexpected or extraordinary increase in applications makes action within 63 days impracticable. In no case shall an extension be to a date more than 120 days after the application was deemed complete. Upon approval of an extension, the provisions of ORS 92.031 and 197.360 to 197.380, including the mandamus remedy provided by subsection (1) of this section, shall remain applicable to the land division, except that the extended period shall be substituted for the 63-day period wherever applicable.

      (3) The decision to approve or not approve an extension under subsection (2) of this section is not a land use decision or limited land use decision. [1995 c.595 §9; 2021 c.103 §7]

 

      197.375 Appeal of local government to referee; Court of Appeals. (1) An appeal of a decision made under ORS 197.360 and 197.365 or under ORS 92.031 and 197.365 shall be made as follows:

      (a) An appeal must be filed with the local government within 14 days of mailing of the notice of the decision under ORS 197.365 (4) and shall be accompanied by a $300 deposit for costs.

      (b) A decision may be appealed by:

      (A) The applicant; or

      (B) Any person or organization who files written comments in the time period established under ORS 197.365.

      (c) An appeal shall be based solely on allegations:

      (A) Of violation of the substantive provisions of the applicable land use regulations;

      (B) Of unconstitutionality of the decision;

      (C) That the application is not eligible for review under ORS 92.031 or 197.360 to 197.380 and should be reviewed as a land use decision or limited land use decision; or

      (D) That the parties’ substantive rights have been substantially prejudiced by an error in procedure by the local government.

      (2) The local government shall appoint a referee to decide the appeal of a decision made under this section. The referee may not be an employee or official of the local government. However, a local government that has designated a hearings officer under ORS 215.406 or 227.165 may designate the hearings officer as the referee for appeals of a decision made under ORS 197.360 and 197.365.

      (3) Within seven days of being appointed to decide the appeal, the referee shall notify the applicant, the local government, the appellant if other than the applicant, any person or organization entitled to notice under ORS 197.365 (2) that provided written comments to the local government and all providers of public facilities and services entitled to notice under ORS 197.365 (2) and advise them of the manner in which they may participate in the appeal. A person or organization that provided written comments to the local government but did not file an appeal under subsection (1) of this section may participate only with respect to the issues raised in the written comments submitted by that person or organization. The referee may use any procedure for decision-making consistent with the interests of the parties to ensure a fair opportunity to present information and argument. The referee shall provide the local government an opportunity to explain its decision, but is not limited to reviewing the local government decision and may consider information not presented to the local government.

      (4)(a) The referee shall apply the substantive requirements of the applicable land use regulations and ORS 92.031 or 197.360. If the referee determines that the application does not qualify as an expedited land division or a middle housing land division, as defined in ORS 92.031, the referee shall remand the application for consideration as a land use decision or limited land use decision. In all other cases, the referee shall seek to identify means by which the application can satisfy the applicable requirements.

      (b) For an expedited land use division, the referee may not reduce the density of the land division application.

      (c) The referee shall make a written decision approving or denying the application or approving it with conditions designed to ensure that the application satisfies the land use regulations, within 42 days of the filing of an appeal. The referee may not remand the application to the local government for any reason other than as set forth in this subsection.

      (5) Unless the governing body of the local government finds exigent circumstances, a referee who fails to issue a written decision within 42 days of the filing of an appeal shall receive no compensation for service as referee in the appeal.

      (6) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the referee shall order the local government to refund the deposit for costs to an appellant who materially improves his or her position from the decision of the local government. The referee shall assess the cost of the appeal in excess of the deposit for costs, up to a maximum of $500, including the deposit paid under subsection (1) of this section, against an appellant who does not materially improve his or her position from the decision of the local government. The local government shall pay the portion of the costs of the appeal not assessed against the appellant. The costs of the appeal include the compensation paid the referee and costs incurred by the local government, but not the costs of other parties.

      (7) The Land Use Board of Appeals does not have jurisdiction to consider any decisions, aspects of decisions or actions made under ORS 92.031 or 197.360 to 197.380.

      (8) Any party to a proceeding before a referee under this section may seek judicial review of the referee’s decision in the manner provided for review of final orders of the Land Use Board of Appeals under ORS 197.850 and 197.855. The Court of Appeals shall review decisions of the referee in the same manner as provided for review of final orders of the Land Use Board of Appeals in those statutes. However, notwithstanding ORS 197.850 (9) or any other provision of law, the court shall reverse or remand the decision only if the court finds:

      (a) That the decision does not concern an expedited land division as described in ORS 197.360 or middle housing land division as defined in ORS 92.031 and the appellant raised this issue in proceedings before the referee;

      (b) That there is a basis to vacate the decision as described in ORS 36.705 (1)(a) to (d), or a basis for modification or correction of an award as described in ORS 36.710; or

      (c) That the decision is unconstitutional. [1995 c.595 §10; 2003 c.598 §37; 2021 c.103 §8]

 

      197.380 Application fees. Each city and county shall establish application fees for an expedited land division and a middle housing land division, as defined in ORS 92.031. The fees must be set at a level calculated to recover the estimated full cost of processing an application, including the cost of appeals to the referee under ORS 197.375, based on the estimated average cost of such applications. Within one year of establishing a fee under this section, the city or county shall review and revise the fee, if necessary, to reflect actual experience in processing applications under ORS 92.031 and 197.360 to 197.380. [1995 c.595 §11; 1999 c.348 §8; 2021 c.103 §9]

 

ACTIVITIES ON FEDERAL LAND

 

      197.390 Activities on federal land; list; permit required; enjoining violations. (1) The Land Conservation and Development Commission shall study and compile a list of all activities affecting land use planning which occur on federal land and which the state may regulate or control in any degree.

      (2) No activity listed by the commission pursuant to subsection (1) of this section which the state may regulate or control which occurs upon federal land shall be undertaken without a permit issued under ORS 197.395.

      (3) Any person or agency acting in violation of subsection (2) of this section may be enjoined in civil proceedings brought in the name of the State of Oregon. [1975 c.486 §2; 1981 c.748 §33]

 

      197.395 Application for permit; review and issuance; conditions; restrictions; review. (1) Any person or public agency desiring to initiate an activity which the state may regulate or control and which occurs upon federal land shall apply to the local government in which the activity will take place for a permit. The application shall contain an explanation of the activity to be initiated, the plans for the activity and any other information required by the local government as prescribed by rule of the Land Conservation and Development Commission.

      (2) If the local government finds after review of the application that the proposed activity complies with goals and the comprehensive plans of the local government affected by the activity, it shall approve the application and issue a permit for the activity to the person or public agency applying for the permit. If the governing body does not approve or disapprove the permit within 60 days of receipt of the application, the application shall be considered approved.

      (3) The local government may prescribe and include in the permit any conditions or restrictions that it considers necessary to assure that the activity complies with the goals and the comprehensive plans of the local governments affected by the activity.

      (4) Actions pursuant to this section are subject to review under ORS 197.830 to 197.845. [1975 c.486 §3; 1977 c.664 §26; 1979 c.772 §7c; 1981 c.748 §40; 1983 c.827 §44]

 

      197.400 [1973 c.80 §25; 1977 c.664 §27; repealed by 1981 c.748 §56]

 

AREAS OF CRITICAL CONCERN

 

      197.405 Designation of areas of critical state concern; commission recommendation; committee review; approval by Legislative Assembly. (1) The Land Conservation and Development Commission may recommend to appropriate legislative committees the designation of areas of critical state concern. Each such recommendation:

      (a) Shall specify the reasons for the implementation of additional state regulations for the described geographic area;

      (b) Shall include a brief summary of the existing programs and regulations of state and local agencies applicable to the area;

      (c) May include a management plan for the area indicating the programs and regulations of state and local agencies, if any, unaffected by the proposed state regulations for the area;

      (d) May establish permissible use limitations for all or part of the area;

      (e) Shall locate a boundary describing the area; and

      (f) May designate permissible use standards for all or part of the lands within the area or establish standards for issuance or denial of designated state or local permits regulating specified uses of lands in the area, or both.

      (2) The commission may act under subsection (1) of this section on its own motion or upon the recommendation of a state agency or a local government. If the commission receives a recommendation from a state agency or a local government and finds the proposed area to be unsuitable for designation, it shall notify the state agency or the local government of its decision and its reasons for that decision.

      (3) Immediately following its decision to favorably recommend to the Legislative Assembly the designation of an area of critical state concern, the commission shall submit the proposed designation accompanied by the supporting materials described in subsection (1) of this section to the appropriate legislative committees for review.

      (4) No proposed designation under subsection (1) of this section shall take effect unless it has first been submitted to appropriate legislative committees under subsection (3) of this section and has been approved by the Legislative Assembly. The Legislative Assembly may adopt, amend or reject the proposed designation. [1973 c.80 §26; 1977 c.664 §28; 1981 c.748 §12; 2007 c.354 §11]

 

      197.410 Use and activities regulated; enjoining violations. (1) No use or activity subjected to state regulations required or allowed for a designated area of critical state concern shall be undertaken except in accordance with the applicable state regulations.

      (2) Any person or agency acting in violation of subsection (1) of this section may be enjoined in civil proceedings brought in the name of the county or the State of Oregon. [1973 c.80 §30; 1977 c.664 §29; 1981 c.748 §13]

 

      197.412 Enforcement powers. If the county governing body or the Land Conservation and Development Commission determines the existence of an alleged violation under ORS 197.410, it may:

      (1) Investigate, hold hearings, enter orders and take action that it deems appropriate under ORS chapters 195, 196, 197 and 197A, as soon as possible.

      (2) For the purpose of investigating conditions relating to the violation, through its members or its duly authorized representatives, enter at reasonable times upon any private or public property.

      (3) Conduct public hearings.

      (4) Publish its findings and recommendations as they are formulated relative to the violation.

      (5) Give notice of any order relating to a particular violation of the state regulations for the area involved or a particular violation of ORS chapters 195, 196, 197 and 197A by mailing notice to the person or public body conducting or proposing to conduct the project affected in the manner provided by ORS chapter 183. [Formerly 197.430]

 

      197.415 [1973 c.80 §27; 1977 c.664 §30; repealed by 1981 c.748 §56]

 

      197.416 Metolius Area of Critical State Concern. (1) As used in this section, “Metolius Area of Critical State Concern” means the areas identified as Area 1 and Area 2 in the management plan recommended by the Land Conservation and Development Commission.

      (2) Pursuant to ORS 197.405 (4), the Legislative Assembly hereby approves the recommendation of the commission, submitted to the Legislative Assembly on April 2, 2009, that the Metolius Area of Critical State Concern be designated an area of critical state concern.

      (3) The Legislative Assembly approves the management plan included in the commission’s recommendation pursuant to ORS 197.405 (1)(c) and directs the commission to adopt the management plan, by rule, without change except that:

      (a) The management plan must require:

      (A) The commission to give notice of proposed amendments to the management plan to the governing bodies of Jefferson County and of the Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Indian Reservation; and

      (B) If either governing body files a written objection to the proposed amendments, the commission to adopt the proposed amendments only if the commission finds by clear and convincing evidence that the proposed amendments meet the requirements of subsection (5) of this section.

      (b) The management plan must limit development of a small-scale recreation community within township 13 south, range 10 east, sections 20, 21, 28 and 29 in Jefferson County so that all units must be sited within up to 25 clusters that may be connected only by a road system. The commission may not enforce, and shall modify, a contrary provision in the management plan.

      (c) Descriptions in the management plan of annual average water use must refer to annual average consumptive water use. The commission may not enforce, and shall modify, a contrary provision in the management plan.

      (4) Except as otherwise provided in this section, the commission may amend the management plan only as provided in the management plan and only pursuant to applicable rulemaking procedures.

      (5) In addition to limitations on development that are contained in the management plan, new development allowed by amendment of the management plan, except development allowed by the administrative amendments required by subsection (3) of this section, may not result in:

      (a) Negative impact on the Metolius River, its springs or its tributaries;

      (b) Negative impact on fish resources in the Metolius Area of Critical State Concern; or

      (c) Negative impact on the wildlife resources in the Metolius Area of Critical State Concern.

      (6) A county may not approve siting a destination resort in the Metolius Area of Critical State Concern. [2009 c.712 §1]

 

      Note: 197.416 was enacted into law by the Legislative Assembly but was not added to or made a part of ORS chapter 197 or any series therein by legislative action. See Preface to Oregon Revised Statutes for further explanation.

 

      197.420 [1973 c.80 §28; 1977 c.664 §31; repealed by 1981 c.748 §56]

 

      197.425 [1973 c.80 §29; 1977 c.664 §32; repealed by 1981 c.748 §56]

 

SPECIAL DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS

 

(Oregon International Port of Coos Bay)

 

      197.428 Navigational channel improvements. (1) Deep draft navigational channel improvements are a reason a local government may adopt an exception under ORS 197.732 (2)(c)(A) to a land use planning goal related to estuarine resources in order to redesignate or rezone natural and conservation estuary management units within a deep draft development estuary, provided that the improvements are:

      (a) Carried out in a manner that includes mitigation, as defined in ORS 196.800, of adverse impacts to ensure no net loss of estuarine resources and the affected aquatic and shore areas and habitats;

      (b) Of the location, design and minimum extent necessary for the use;

      (c) Applied for by a public port or an eligible Indian tribe, as defined in ORS 285C.306;

      (d) Within the jurisdiction of the Oregon International Port of Coos Bay;

      (e) Not including or relying upon the commercial processing, importing or exporting of fossil fuels, other than existing facilities providing fuel storage or distribution;

      (f) Applied for by an applicant that has issued a report that sets forth:

      (A) The identification of anticipated financing sources for the deep draft navigation channel improvements; and

      (B) An estimate of the number of jobs that will be created as a result of the improvements; and

      (g) Conducted in accordance with a plan that:

      (A) Is developed, in consultation with local Indian tribes, for:

      (i) Archaeological objects, human remains, funerary objects and sites of archaeological significance, as those terms are defined in ORS 358.905; and

      (ii) Archaeological sites identified on an inventory of the State Parks and Recreation Department, a tribal historic preservation officer or local government;

      (B) Avoids or, if avoidance is not practicable, mitigates adverse impacts to such remains, sites or objects, including by preservation in situ or recovery with permanent protection; and

      (C) Identifies procedures and requirements to occur should an inadvertent discovery of such remains, sites or objects occur.

      (2) As used in this section:

      (a) “Deep draft navigation channel improvements” means dredging for the purposes of:

      (A) Deepening or widening the existing federal navigation channel as necessary to accommodate vessels that would use the proposed water-dependent uses;

      (B) Establishing a new access channel, or modifying an existing access channel, that is directly between the federal navigational channel and any of the following structures identified in the application for which the exception is adopted under this section:

      (i) Navigation support structures; or

      (ii) Docks, wharfs or similar ship berthing structures;

      (C) Establishing a turning basin necessary for the safe navigation of vessels utilizing the federal navigation channel or access channel; or

      (D) Enabling the construction or maintenance of necessary structural support for docks, wharfs or similar ship berthing facilities or navigation aids.

      (b) “Deep draft navigation channel improvements” does not include:

      (A) Dredge material disposal; and

      (B) Fill to create new upland areas. [2023 c.544 §2]

 

(Temporary provisions relating to transfer of development rights pilot program)

 

      Note: Sections 6 to 8, chapter 636, Oregon Laws 2009, provide:

      Sec. 6. (1) There is established the Oregon Transfer of Development Rights Pilot Program in the Department of Land Conservation and Development. Working with the State Forestry Department, the State Department of Agriculture and local governments and with other state agencies, as appropriate, the Department of Land Conservation and Development shall implement the pilot program.

      (2) The Land Conservation and Development Commission shall adopt rules to implement the pilot program. The commission, by rule, may:

      (a) Establish a maximum ratio of transferable development rights to severed development interests in a sending area for each pilot project. The maximum ratio:

      (A) Must be calculated to protect lands planned and zoned for forest use and to create incentives for owners of land in the sending area to participate in the pilot project;

      (B) May not exceed one transferable development right to one severed development interest if the receiving area is outside of urban growth boundaries and outside unincorporated communities;

      (C) May not exceed two transferable development rights to one severed development interest if the receiving area is in an unincorporated community; and

      (D) Must be consistent with plans for public facilities and services in the receiving area.

      (b) Require participating owners of land in a sending area to grant conservation easements pursuant to ORS 271.715 to 271.795, or otherwise obligate themselves, to ensure that additional residential development of their property does not occur.

      (3) The commission, by rule, shall establish a process for selecting pilot projects from among potential projects nominated by local governments. The process must require local governments to nominate potential projects by submitting a concept plan for each proposed pilot project, including proposed amendments, if any, to the comprehensive plan and land use regulations implementing the plan that are necessary to implement the pilot project.

      (4) When selecting a pilot project, the commission must find that the pilot project is:

      (a) Reasonably likely to provide a net benefit to the forest economy or the agricultural economy of this state;

      (b) Designed to avoid or minimize adverse effects on transportation, natural resources, public facilities and services, nearby urban areas and nearby farm and forest uses; and

      (c) Designed so that new development authorized in a receiving area does not conflict with a resource or area inventoried under a statewide land use planning goal relating to natural resources, scenic and historic areas and open spaces, or with an area identified as a Conservation Opportunity Area in the “Oregon Conservation Strategy” adopted by the State Fish and Wildlife Commission and published by the State Department of Fish and Wildlife in September of 2006.

      (5) The commission may select up to three pilot projects for the transfer of development rights under sections 6 to 8, chapter 636, Oregon Laws 2009.

      (6) A sending area for a pilot project under sections 6 to 8, chapter 636, Oregon Laws 2009:

      (a) Must be planned and zoned for forest use;

      (b) May not exceed 10,000 acres; and

      (c) Must contain four or fewer dwelling units per square mile.

      (7) The commission may establish additional requirements for sending areas.

      (8)(a) Except as provided otherwise in paragraph (b) of this subsection, a local government participating in a pilot project shall select a receiving area for the pilot project based on the following priorities:

      (A) First priority is lands within an urban growth boundary.

      (B) Second priority is lands that are adjacent to an urban growth boundary and that are subject to an exception from a statewide land use planning goal relating to agricultural lands or forestlands.

      (C) Third priority is lands that are:

      (i) Within an urban unincorporated community or a rural community; or

      (ii) In a resort community, or a rural service center, that contains at least 100 dwelling units at the time the pilot project is approved.

      (D) Fourth priority is exception areas approved under ORS 197.732 that are adjacent to urban unincorporated communities or rural communities, if the county agrees to bring the receiving area within the boundaries of the community and to provide the community with water and sewer service.

      (b) The commission may authorize a local government to select lower priority lands over higher priority lands for a receiving area in a pilot project only if the local government has established, to the satisfaction of the commission, that selecting higher priority lands as the receiving area is not likely to result in the severance and transfer of a significant proportion of the development interests in the sending area within five years after the receiving area is established.

      (c) The minimum residential density of development allowed in receiving areas intended for residential development is:

      (A) For second priority lands described in paragraph (a)(B) of this subsection, at least five dwelling units per net acre or 125 percent of the average residential density allowed within the urban growth boundary when the pilot project is approved by the commission, whichever is greater.

      (B) For third priority and fourth priority lands described in paragraph (a)(C) and (D) of this subsection, at least 125 percent of the average residential density allowed on land planned for residential use within the unincorporated community when the pilot project is approved by the commission.

      (d) For third and fourth priority lands described in paragraph (a)(C) and (D) of this subsection that are within one jurisdiction but adjacent to another jurisdiction, the written consent of the adjacent jurisdiction is required for designation of the receiving area.

      (e) A receiving area may not be located within 10 miles of the Portland metropolitan area urban growth boundary.

      (9) The commission may establish additional requirements for receiving areas.

      (10) The commission, by rule, may provide a bonus in the form of a higher transfer ratio if a substantial portion of the new development in the receiving area of the pilot project is affordable housing within an urban growth boundary. [2009 c.636 §6; 2010 c.5 §3; 2011 c.144 §1]

      Sec. 7. (1) Notwithstanding contrary provisions of statewide land use planning goals relating to public facilities and services and urbanization, and notwithstanding ORS 215.700 to 215.780, a local government may change its comprehensive plan and land use regulations implementing the plan to allow residential development in a receiving area consistent with sections 6 to 8, chapter 636, Oregon Laws 2009, if the Land Conservation and Development Commission has approved a concept plan for the pilot project.

      (2) The local governments having land use jurisdiction over lands included in the sending area and the receiving area for the pilot project shall adopt amendments to their respective comprehensive plans and land use regulations implementing the plans that are consistent with subsection (3) of this section.

      (3) When the commission has approved a proposed concept plan, the local governments having land use jurisdiction over the affected sending area and affected receiving area shall adopt overlay zone provisions and corresponding amendments to the comprehensive plan and land use regulations implementing the plan that identify the additional development allowed through participation in the pilot project. The Department of Land Conservation and Development shall review the overlay zones and corresponding comprehensive plan amendments in the manner of periodic review under ORS 197.628 to 197.650 [series became 197.628 to 197.651].

      (4) Notwithstanding ORS 197.296 and 197.298 [renumbered 197A.350 and 197A.355] and statewide land use planning goals relating to urbanization, a local government may amend its urban growth boundary to include adjacent lands in a receiving area, consistent with an approved concept plan, if the net residential density of development authorized in the receiving area is at least five dwelling units per net acre or 125 percent of the average residential density allowed on land planned for residential use within the urban growth boundary when the pilot project is approved by the commission, whichever is greater.

      (5) Local governments or other entities may establish a development rights bank or other system to facilitate the transfer of development rights.

      (6) A county shall review an application for a pilot project under sections 6 to 8, chapter 636, Oregon Laws 2009, as a comprehensive plan amendment. A county may apply other procedures, including master plan approval, site plan review or conditional use review as the county finds appropriate to subsequent phases of review of the pilot project.

      (7) When development rights transfers authorized by the pilot project under sections 6 to 8, chapter 636, Oregon Laws 2009, result in the transfer of development rights from the jurisdiction of one local government to another local government and cause a potential shift of ad valorem tax revenues between jurisdictions, the local governments may enter into an intergovernmental agreement under ORS 190.003 to 190.130 that provides for sharing between the local governments of the prospective ad valorem tax revenues derived from new development in the receiving area. [2009 c.636 §7; 2011 c.144 §2]

      Sec. 8. (1) The Department of Land Conservation and Development, the State Forestry Department, a local government participating in the Oregon Transfer of Development Rights Pilot Program or a third-party holder identified by the Department of Land Conservation and Development may hold, monitor or enforce a conservation easement pursuant to ORS 271.715 to 271.795 or other property interest to ensure that lands in sending areas do not retain residential development rights transferred under sections 6 to 8 of this 2009 Act.

      (2) An entity that is eligible to be a holder of a conservation easement may acquire, from a willing seller in the manner provided by ORS 271.715 to 271.795, the right to carry out a use of land authorized under rules of the Land Conservation and Development Commission implementing the pilot program. [2009 c.636 §8]

 

      197.430 [1973 c.80 §31; 1977 c.664 §33; 1981 c.748 §14; renumbered 197.412 in 2023]

(Speedway Destination)

 

      197.431 Expansion of speedway destination site. (1) If the site described in ORS 197.433 (1) is developed and used as a major motor speedway with sanctioned, premier, high speed automobile racing within five years after the county issues a certificate of occupancy for the major motor speedway, the site may be expanded to include additional lands that are adjacent to the site if the additional lands are:

      (a) Located in Morrow County within township 4 north, range 24 east of the Willamette Meridian, sections 7, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21 and 22 and the northeast quarter section of section 27; and

      (b) Approved as part of a master plan as provided in this section.

      (2) After the major motor speedway is developed and used for sanctioned, premier, high speed automobile racing, the governing body of Morrow County may authorize inclusion of the following uses on the speedway destination site that are proposed in a master plan:

      (a) Speedway supporting uses and facilities.

      (b) Associated uses and facilities not previously authorized pursuant to ORS 197.433 (4).

      (c) A speedway theme park not previously authorized pursuant to ORS 197.433 (4).

      (d) A speedway destination resort, if the speedway destination resort is approved by Morrow County, subject to the requirements of ORS 197.435 to 197.467, except that the proposed speedway destination resort site need not be included on a map of eligible lands for destination resorts within the county otherwise required under ORS 197.455, but the proposed speedway destination resort site must meet the siting criteria of ORS 197.455.

      (3) The Port of Morrow or its designee may apply to the governing body of Morrow County for approval to expand the site described in ORS 197.433 (1) or to amend the uses allowed on the speedway destination site by submission of a master plan as provided in this section. A master plan must:

      (a) Set forth the discretionary approvals, if any, required for completion of the development specified in the plan;

      (b) Identify the conditions, terms, restrictions and requirements for discretionary approvals;

      (c) Establish a process for amending the plan;

      (d) If the proposed development of the speedway destination site is to be constructed in phases, specify the dates on which each phase of phased construction is projected to begin and end;

      (e) Except as otherwise provided in this section, comply with the Morrow County comprehensive plan and land use regulations in existence at the time of the application; and

      (f) Identify proposed comprehensive plan amendments or zone changes that are necessary to authorize development of a speedway destination site and uses proposed as part of the plan.

      (4) The governing body of Morrow County shall review a master plan and proposed changes to the acknowledged comprehensive plan and land use regulations that are necessary to implement a proposed master plan as provided in ORS 197.610 to 197.625 and may approve the master plan and the proposed changes if at the time of approval:

      (a) The major motor speedway is used for sanctioned, premier, high speed automobile racing; and

      (b) The master plan conforms to the requirements of this section and other applicable laws and specifies:

      (A) The duration and phasing of development proposed by the plan.

      (B) A description, including location, of the proposed uses on the site, including:

      (i) The proposed changes to the major motor speedway;

      (ii) The proposed associated uses and facilities;

      (iii) The proposed speedway supporting uses and facilities;

      (iv) A speedway destination resort;

      (v) A speedway theme park;

      (vi) Sewage works for the speedway destination site, including all facilities necessary for collecting, pumping, treating and disposing of sewage;

      (vii) Drainage works for the speedway destination site, including facilities necessary for collecting, pumping and disposing of storm and surface water;

      (viii) Water supply works and service for the speedway destination site, including the facilities necessary for tapping natural sources of domestic and industrial water, treating and protecting the quality of the water and transmitting it to the site;

      (ix) Public parks and recreation facilities, including land and facilities that are necessary for administering and maintaining the public parks, recreation facilities and recreation services;

      (x) Public transportation, including public depots, public parking, storage and maintenance facilities and other equipment necessary for the transportation of users and patrons of the major motor speedway and their personal property; and

      (xi) Public and private roads.

      (C) A description, including location, of additional uses that are not specified in this section, if the additional uses are proposed and approved in accordance with applicable laws, statewide land use planning goals and the provisions of the comprehensive plan and land use regulations implementing the comprehensive plan.

      (D) The density and intensity of proposed uses.

      (E) A schedule and plan for obtaining local government review of permits and other authorizations required for the development of allowed uses.

      (F) The parties responsible for providing speedway destination site infrastructure and services. [2007 c.819 §4]

 

      Note: 197.431 to 197.434 were enacted into law by the Legislative Assembly but were not added to or made a part of ORS chapter 197 or any series therein by legislative action. See Preface to Oregon Revised Statutes for further explanation.

 

      197.432 Definitions for ORS 197.431 to 197.434. As used in ORS 197.431 to 197.434:

      (1) “Associated uses and facilities” means:

      (a) Speedway-related and accessory uses and facilities identified in the findings; and

      (b) Road course garage units.

      (2) “Findings” means the Morrow County Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law, dated June 21, 2002, and September 24, 2003, in the matter of an application by the Port of Morrow for comprehensive plan and zoning amendments to allow the siting of a speedway and related facilities at the Port of Morrow.

      (3) “Major motor speedway” means one or more race tracks including, at a minimum:

      (a) An asphalt oval super speedway of at least seven-eighths mile with grandstand seating capacity of 20,000 or more; or

      (b) An asphalt road course of at least two miles with grandstand seating capacity of 20,000 or more.

      (4) “Premier, high speed automobile racing” means automobile racing that is projected to attract 20,000 or more spectators to a race.

      (5) “Road course garage unit” means a facility consisting of garages and residential spaces not intended for overnight use.

      (6) “Sanctioned” means subject to contractual agreements with one or more major professional automobile racing organizations that may include, but are not limited to:

      (a) Champ Car;

      (b) Indy Racing League (IRL);

      (c) National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing, Inc. (NASCAR);

      (d) World of Outlaws (WoO);

      (e) National Hot Rod Association (NHRA);

      (f) International Hot Rod Association (IHRA);

      (g) Sports Car Club of America (SCCA);

      (h) Grand American Road Racing Association (Grand Am);

      (i) Automobile Club de l’Ouest (American Le Mans); and

      (j) Fédération Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA).

      (7) “Speedway destination resort” means a destination resort within the boundaries of the speedway destination site that is approved under ORS 197.431 and 197.435 to 197.467.

      (8) “Speedway destination site” means a site containing a major motor speedway, associated uses and facilities and speedway supporting uses and facilities.

      (9) “Speedway supporting uses and facilities” means transient lodging, restaurants, meeting facilities and other commercial uses limited to the types and levels of use necessary to meet the needs of users and patrons of a major motor speedway.

      (10) “Speedway theme park” means an amusement park associated with a major motor speedway and based on a speedway theme that:

      (a) Is developed and operated primarily for the purpose of entertaining users and patrons of the major motor speedway, but available, as well, to the general public; and

      (b) Consists of a collection of entertainment uses and facilities commonly associated with outdoor fairs and theme parks:

      (A) Including mechanical rides, games, go-cart tracks, miniature golf courses, BMX bicycle tracks, water parks and athletic fields; and

      (B) Not including cinemas, bowling alleys, theaters, concert halls or similar recreational or entertainment uses commonly allowed inside urban growth boundaries.

      (11) “Transient lodging” means a unit consisting of a room or a suite of rooms that is available for a period of occupancy that typically does not exceed 30 days and for which the lodging operator:

      (a) Charges on a daily basis and does not collect more than six days in advance; and

      (b) Provides maid and linen service daily or every two days as part of the regularly charged cost of occupancy. [2005 c.842 §1; 2007 c.819 §1]

 

      Note: See note under 197.431.

 

      197.433 Development of major motor speedway. (1) On a site approved for development of a major motor speedway, pursuant to an exception to statewide land use planning goals relating to agricultural lands, public facilities and services and urbanization that was acknowledged before September 2, 2005, if the site is developed and used as a major motor speedway with sanctioned, premier, high speed automobile racing within five years after the county issues a certificate of occupancy for the major motor speedway, the governing body of Morrow County or its designee may authorize the ancillary development of transient lodging, associated uses and facilities and a speedway theme park that were not previously authorized under subsection (4) of this section:

      (a) Without taking further exception to the statewide land use planning goals relating to agricultural lands, public facilities and services and urbanization.

      (b) Primarily for the use of users and patrons of the major motor speedway but available, as well, to the general public.

      (c) Without regard to the limitations on the size or occupancy of speedway-related and accessory uses and facilities specified in the findings.

      (d) Without regard to use limitations specified in section H (10) of the June 21, 2002, findings for a multipurpose recreational facility.

      (e) Without regard to the limitation on hours of operation specified in the findings for outdoor recreational facilities.

      (2) The major motor speedway authorized in the findings and by this section may be developed:

      (a) Without taking further exception to the statewide land use planning goals relating to agricultural lands, public facilities and services and urbanization.

      (b) Without regard to the specific size, placement or configuration of the tracks specified in the findings.

      (3) Subject to the requirements of ORS 197.610 to 197.625, notwithstanding the local process for review and approval of a proposal to amend the acknowledged comprehensive plan and land use regulations that is contained in an acknowledged comprehensive plan and land use regulations, the governing body of Morrow County may review and approve a proposal to make the changes to the acknowledged comprehensive plan and land use regulations to allow the uses authorized by this section on the site described in subsection (1) of this section through an expedited local review and approval process in which the final approval of the county may be granted after only one evidentiary hearing.

      (4) Notwithstanding subsection (1) of this section, the governing body of Morrow County may approve the development, in conjunction with the development of the major motor speedway, but prior to the establishment of sanctioned, premier, high speed automobile racing at the major motor speedway, of up to 250 road course garage units, 100 units of transient lodging with an associated restaurant and public facilities necessary to support those uses.

      (5) Impacts of a speedway destination site, adjacent residential development and transient lodging on the transportation system must be mitigated to the satisfaction of the Department of Transportation at the time of development. [2005 c.842 §2; 2007 c.819 §2]

 

      Note: See note under 197.431.

 

      197.434 Traffic impacts of speedway destination. (1) The private developer of the speedway destination site is financially responsible for addressing, through traffic infrastructure improvements and upgrades, adverse traffic impacts that cannot be adequately mitigated, in the judgment of road authorities, through the use of temporary traffic management measures.

      (2) The private developer, or the organizer of a specific event or activity at the speedway destination site, is financially responsible for temporary traffic management measures required to mitigate the adverse traffic impacts of events or activities at the speedway destination site.

      (3) Notwithstanding subsections (1) and (2) of this section, transportation infrastructure projects required by the establishment and use of the major motor speedway may receive funding from any source of moneys for transportation infrastructure projects. [2005 c.842 §3]

 

      Note: See note under 197.431.

 

DESTINATION RESORTS

 

      197.435 Definitions for ORS 197.435 to 197.467. As used in ORS 197.435 to 197.467:

      (1) “Developed recreational facilities” means improvements constructed for the purpose of recreation and may include but are not limited to golf courses, tennis courts, swimming pools, marinas, ski runs and bicycle paths.

      (2) “High value crop area” means an area in which there is a concentration of commercial farms capable of producing crops or products with a minimum gross value of $1,000 per acre per year. These crops and products include field crops, small fruits, berries, tree fruits, nuts or vegetables, dairying, livestock feedlots or Christmas trees as these terms are used in the 1983 County and State Agricultural Estimates prepared by the Oregon State University Extension Service. The “high value crop area” designation is used for the purpose of minimizing conflicting uses in resort siting and does not revise the requirements of an agricultural land goal or administrative rules interpreting the goal.

      (3) “Map of eligible lands” means a map of the county adopted pursuant to ORS 197.455.

      (4) “Open space” means any land that is retained in a substantially natural condition or is improved for recreational uses such as golf courses, hiking or nature trails or equestrian or bicycle paths or is specifically required to be protected by a conservation easement. Open spaces may include ponds, lands protected as important natural features, lands preserved for farm or forest use and lands used as buffers. Open space does not include residential lots or yards, streets or parking areas.

      (5) “Overnight lodgings” means:

      (a) With respect to lands not identified in paragraph (b) of this subsection, permanent, separately rentable accommodations that are not available for residential use, including hotel or motel rooms, cabins and time-share units. Individually owned units may be considered overnight lodgings if they are available for overnight rental use by the general public for at least 45 weeks per calendar year through a central reservation and check-in service. Tent sites, recreational vehicle parks, manufactured dwellings, dormitory rooms and similar accommodations do not qualify as overnight lodgings for the purpose of this definition.

      (b) With respect to lands in eastern Oregon, as defined in ORS 321.805, permanent, separately rentable accommodations that are not available for residential use, including hotel or motel rooms, cabins and time-share units. Individually owned units may be considered overnight lodgings if they are available for overnight rental use by the general public for at least 38 weeks per calendar year through a central reservation system operated by the destination resort or by a real estate property manager, as defined in ORS 696.010. Tent sites, recreational vehicle parks, manufactured dwellings, dormitory rooms and similar accommodations do not qualify as overnight lodgings for the purpose of this definition.

      (6) “Self-contained development” means a development for which community sewer and water facilities are provided on-site and are limited to meet the needs of the development or are provided by existing public sewer or water service as long as all costs related to service extension and any capacity increases are borne by the development. A “self-contained development” must have developed recreational facilities provided on-site.

      (7) “Tract” means a lot or parcel or more than one contiguous lot or parcel in a single ownership. A tract may include property that is not included in the proposed site for a destination resort if the property to be excluded is on the boundary of the tract and constitutes less than 30 percent of the total tract.

      (8) “Visitor-oriented accommodations” means overnight lodging, restaurants and meeting facilities that are designed to and provide for the needs of visitors rather than year-round residents. [1987 c.886 §3; 1989 c.648 §52; 1993 c.590 §1; 2003 c.812 §1; 2005 c.22 §140]

 

      197.440 Legislative findings. The Legislative Assembly finds that:

      (1) It is the policy of this state to promote Oregon as a vacation destination and to encourage tourism as a valuable segment of our state’s economy;

      (2) There is a growing need to provide year-round destination resort accommodations to attract visitors and encourage them to stay longer. The establishment of destination resorts will provide jobs for Oregonians and contribute to the state’s economic development;

      (3) It is a difficult and costly process to site and establish destination resorts in rural areas of this state; and

      (4) The siting of destination resort facilities is an issue of statewide concern. [1987 c.886 §2]

 

      197.445 Destination resort criteria; phase-in requirements; annual accounting. A destination resort is a self-contained development that provides for visitor-oriented accommodations and developed recreational facilities in a setting with high natural amenities. To qualify as a destination resort under ORS 30.947, 197.435 to 197.467, 215.213, 215.283 and 215.284, a proposed development must meet the following standards:

      (1) The resort must be located on a site of 160 acres or more except within two miles of the ocean shoreline where the site shall be 40 acres or more.

      (2) At least 50 percent of the site must be dedicated to permanent open space, excluding streets and parking areas.

      (3) At least $7 million must be spent on improvements for on-site developed recreational facilities and visitor-oriented accommodations exclusive of costs for land, sewer and water facilities and roads. Not less than one-third of this amount must be spent on developed recreational facilities.

      (4) Visitor-oriented accommodations including meeting rooms, restaurants with seating for 100 persons and 150 separate rentable units for overnight lodging shall be provided. However, the rentable overnight lodging units may be phased in as follows:

      (a) On lands not described in paragraph (b) of this subsection:

      (A) A total of 150 units of overnight lodging must be provided.

      (B) At least 75 units of overnight lodging, not including any individually owned homes, lots or units, must be constructed or guaranteed through surety bonding or equivalent financial assurance prior to the closure of sale of individual lots or units.

      (C) The remaining overnight lodging units must be provided as individually owned lots or units subject to deed restrictions that limit their use to use as overnight lodging units. The deed restrictions may be rescinded when the resort has constructed 150 units of permanent overnight lodging as required by this subsection.

      (D) The number of units approved for residential sale may not be more than two units for each unit of permanent overnight lodging provided under this paragraph.

      (E) The development approval must provide for the construction of other required overnight lodging units within five years of the initial lot sales.

      (b) On lands in eastern Oregon, as defined in ORS 321.805:

      (A) A total of 150 units of overnight lodging must be provided.

      (B) At least 50 units of overnight lodging must be constructed prior to the closure of sale of individual lots or units.

      (C) At least 50 of the remaining 100 required overnight lodging units must be constructed or guaranteed through surety bonding or equivalent financial assurance within five years of the initial lot sales.

      (D) The remaining required overnight lodging units must be constructed or guaranteed through surety bonding or equivalent financial assurances within 10 years of the initial lot sales.

      (E) The number of units approved for residential sale may not be more than 2-1/2 units for each unit of permanent overnight lodging provided under this paragraph.

      (F) If the developer of a resort guarantees the overnight lodging units required under subparagraphs (C) and (D) of this paragraph through surety bonding or other equivalent financial assurance, the overnight lodging units must be constructed within four years of the date of execution of the surety bond or other equivalent financial assurance.

      (5) Commercial uses allowed are limited to types and levels of use necessary to meet the needs of visitors to the development. Industrial uses of any kind are not permitted.

      (6) In lieu of the standards in subsections (1), (3) and (4) of this section, the standards set forth in subsection (7) of this section apply to a destination resort:

      (a) On land that is not defined as agricultural or forest land under any statewide planning goal;

      (b) On land where there has been an exception to any statewide planning goal on agricultural lands, forestlands, public facilities and services and urbanization; or

      (c) On such secondary lands as the Land Conservation and Development Commission deems appropriate.

      (7) The following standards apply to the provisions of subsection (6) of this section:

      (a) The resort must be located on a site of 20 acres or more.

      (b) At least $2 million must be spent on improvements for on-site developed recreational facilities and visitor-oriented accommodations exclusive of costs for land, sewer and water facilities and roads. Not less than one-third of this amount must be spent on developed recreational facilities.

      (c) At least 25 units, but not more than 75 units, of overnight lodging must be provided.

      (d) Restaurant and meeting room with at least one seat for each unit of overnight lodging must be provided.

      (e) Residential uses must be limited to those necessary for the staff and management of the resort.

      (f) The governing body of the county or its designee has reviewed the resort proposed under this subsection and has determined that the primary purpose of the resort is to provide lodging and other services oriented to a recreational resource which can only reasonably be enjoyed in a rural area. Such recreational resources include, but are not limited to, a hot spring, a ski slope or a fishing stream.

      (g) The resort must be constructed and located so that it is not designed to attract highway traffic. Resorts may not use any manner of outdoor advertising signing except:

      (A) Tourist oriented directional signs as provided in ORS 377.715 to 377.830; and

      (B) On-site identification and directional signs.

      (8) Spending required under subsections (3) and (7) of this section is stated in 1993 dollars. The spending required shall be adjusted to the year in which calculations are made in accordance with the United States Consumer Price Index.

      (9) When making a land use decision authorizing construction of a destination resort in eastern Oregon, as defined in ORS 321.805, the governing body of the county or its designee shall require the resort developer to provide an annual accounting to document compliance with the overnight lodging standards of this section. The annual accounting requirement commences one year after the initial lot or unit sales. The annual accounting must contain:

      (a) Documentation showing that the resort contains a minimum of 150 permanent units of overnight lodging or, during the phase-in period, documentation showing the resort is not yet required to have constructed 150 units of overnight lodging.

      (b) Documentation showing that the resort meets the lodging ratio described in subsection (4) of this section.

      (c) For a resort counting individually owned units as qualified overnight lodging units, the number of weeks that each overnight lodging unit is available for rental to the general public as described in ORS 197.435. [1987 c.886 §4; 1993 c.590 §2; 2003 c.812 §2; 2005 c.22 §141; 2007 c.593 §1]

 

      197.450 Siting without taking goal exception. In accordance with the provisions of ORS 30.947, 197.435 to 197.467, 215.213, 215.283 and 215.284, a comprehensive plan may provide for the siting of a destination resort on rural lands without taking an exception to statewide planning goals relating to agricultural lands, forestlands, public facilities and services or urbanization. [1987 c.886 §5]

 

      197.455 Siting of destination resorts; sites from which destination resort excluded. (1) A destination resort may be sited only on lands mapped as eligible for destination resort siting by the affected county. The county may not allow destination resorts approved pursuant to ORS 197.435 to 197.467 to be sited in any of the following areas:

      (a) Within 24 air miles of an urban growth boundary with an existing population of 100,000 or more unless residential uses are limited to those necessary for the staff and management of the resort.

      (b)(A) On a site with 50 or more contiguous acres of unique or prime farmland identified and mapped by the United States Natural Resources Conservation Service, or its predecessor agency.

      (B) On a site within three miles of a high value crop area unless the resort complies with the requirements of ORS 197.445 (6) in which case the resort may not be closer to a high value crop area than one-half mile for each 25 units of overnight lodging or fraction thereof.

      (c) On predominantly Cubic Foot Site Class 1 or 2 forestlands as determined by the State Forestry Department, which are not subject to an approved goal exception.

      (d) In the Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area as defined by the Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Act, P.L. 99-663.

      (e) In an especially sensitive big game habitat area:

      (A) As determined by the State Department of Fish and Wildlife in July 1984, and in additional especially sensitive big game habitat areas designated by a county in an acknowledged comprehensive plan; or

      (B) If the State Fish and Wildlife Commission amends the 1984 determination with respect to an entire county and the county amends its comprehensive plan to reflect the commission’s subsequent determination, as designated in the acknowledged comprehensive plan.

      (f) On a site in which the lands are predominantly classified as being in Fire Regime Condition Class 3, unless the county approves a wildfire protection plan that demonstrates the site can be developed without being at a high overall risk of fire.

      (2) In carrying out subsection (1) of this section, a county shall adopt, as part of its comprehensive plan, a map consisting of eligible lands within the county. The map must be based on reasonably available information and may be amended pursuant to ORS 197.610 to 197.625, but not more frequently than once every 30 months. The county shall develop a process for collecting and processing concurrently all map amendments made within a 30-month planning period. A map adopted pursuant to this section shall be the sole basis for determining whether tracts of land are eligible for destination resort siting pursuant to ORS 197.435 to 197.467. [1987 c.886 §6; 1993 c.590 §3; 1997 c.249 §57; 2003 c.812 §3; 2005 c.22 §142; 2005 c.205 §1; 2010 c.32 §1]

 

      197.460 Compatibility with adjacent land uses; county measures; economic impact analysis; traffic impact analysis. A county shall ensure that a destination resort is compatible with the site and adjacent land uses through the following measures:

      (1) Important natural features, including habitat of threatened or endangered species, streams, rivers and significant wetlands shall be retained. Riparian vegetation within 100 feet of streams, rivers and significant wetlands shall be retained. Alteration of important natural features, including placement of structures that maintain the overall values of the feature may be allowed.

      (2) Improvements and activities shall be located and designed to avoid or minimize adverse effects of the resort on uses on surrounding lands, particularly effects on intensive farming operations in the area. At a minimum, measures to accomplish this shall include:

      (a) Establishment and maintenance of buffers between the resort and adjacent land uses, including natural vegetation and where appropriate, fences, berms, landscaped areas and other similar types of buffers.

      (b) Setbacks of structures and other improvements from adjacent land uses.

      (3) If the site is west of the summit of the Coast Range and within 10 miles of an urban growth boundary, or if the site is east of the summit of the Coast Range and within 25 miles of an urban growth boundary, the county shall require the applicant to submit an economic impact analysis of the proposed development that includes analysis of the projected impacts within the county and within cities whose urban growth boundaries are within the distance specified in this subsection.

      (4) If the site is west of the summit of the Coast Range and within 10 miles of an urban growth boundary, or if the site is east of the summit of the Coast Range and within 25 miles of an urban growth boundary, the county shall require the applicant to submit a traffic impact analysis of the proposed development that includes measures to avoid or mitigate a proportionate share of adverse effects of transportation on state highways and other transportation facilities affected by the proposed development, including transportation facilities in the county and in cities whose urban growth boundaries are within the distance specified in this subsection. [1987 c.886 §7; 2010 c.32 §2]

 

      197.462 Use of land excluded from destination resort. A portion of a tract that is excluded from the site of a destination resort pursuant to ORS 197.435 (7) shall not be used or operated in conjunction with the resort. Subject to this limitation, the use of the excluded property shall be governed by otherwise applicable law. [1993 c.590 §7]

 

      197.465 Comprehensive plan implementing measures. An acknowledged comprehensive plan that allows for siting of a destination resort shall include implementing measures which:

      (1) Map areas where a destination resort described in ORS 197.445 (1) to (5) is permitted pursuant to ORS 197.455;

      (2) Limit uses and activities to those defined by ORS 197.435 and allowed by ORS 197.445; and

      (3) Assure that developed recreational facilities and key facilities intended to serve the entire development and visitor-oriented accommodations are physically provided or are guaranteed through surety bonding or substantially equivalent financial assurances prior to closure of sale of individual lots or units. In phased developments, developed recreational facilities and other key facilities intended to serve a particular phase shall be constructed prior to sales in that phase or guaranteed through surety bonding. [1987 c.886 §8]

 

      197.467 Conservation easement to protect resource site. (1) If a tract to be used as a destination resort contains a resource site designated for protection in an acknowledged comprehensive plan pursuant to open spaces, scenic and historic areas and natural resource goals in an acknowledged comprehensive plan, that tract of land shall preserve that site by conservation easement sufficient to protect the resource values of the resource site as set forth in ORS 271.715 to 271.795.

      (2) A conservation easement under this section shall be recorded with the property records of the tract on which the destination resort is sited. [1993 c.590 §5]

 

COMMUNITY GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE GRANT PROGRAM

 

      197.468 Purpose. The Legislative Assembly finds and declares that:

      (1) The purpose of community green infrastructure projects and green infrastructure economic development projects is to provide direct social, environmental and economic benefits to communities across this state through green infrastructure.

      (2) The social, environmental and economic benefits of green infrastructure to communities include, but are not limited to:

      (a) Climate change mitigation, adaptation and resilience;

      (b) Stormwater management;

      (c) Air temperature regulation;

      (d) Air quality benefits;

      (e) Noise abatement;

      (f) Energy savings;

      (g) Economic development opportunities;

      (h) Public or community health benefits;

      (i) Support for community food pathways through regenerative agriculture;

      (j) Water quality improvements, including temperature regulation;

      (k) Water conservation;

      (L) Erosion control;

      (m) Park and open space benefits;

      (n) Urban forest benefits;

      (o) Restoration of floodplain functions;

      (p) Restored or expanded wetlands and riparian areas;

      (q) Habitat improvements;

      (r) Aquifer recharge that does not include an extractive or consumptive use of the aquifer;

      (s) Stream flow augmentation;

      (t) Carbon sequestration;

      (u) Community livability;

      (v) Local jobs; and

      (w) The use of plants and food in maintaining social and environmental identity and lifeways. [2023 c.442 §22]

 

      Note: 197.468 to 197.472 were enacted into law by the Legislative Assembly but were not added to or made a part of ORS chapter 197 or any series therein by legislative action. See Preface to Oregon Revised Statutes for further explanation.

 

      197.469 Definitions for ORS 197.468 to 197.472. As used in ORS 197.468 to 197.472:

      (1) “Community green infrastructure project” means a green infrastructure project that provides social, environmental or economic benefits to a particular community and is developed through a collaborative process that helps to define those benefits.

      (2) “Environmental justice community” has the meaning given that term in ORS 182.535.

      (3) “Green communities nursery” means an Oregon nursery certified by the State Department of Agriculture under ORS 571.252.

      (4) “Green infrastructure” means:

      (a) Green infrastructure as defined in ORS 550.160; or

      (b) Infrastructure that:

      (A) Mimics natural systems, or enables natural systems to be less stressed through water conservation, water protection or ecosystem restoration, at the neighborhood or site scale as part of an integrated approach in residential, municipal or industrial developments or water infrastructure; and

      (B) Implements community-based concepts, principles and practices to conserve and manage resources for future generations, sequester carbon and provide environmental and social benefits.

      (5) “Green infrastructure economic development project” means a community green infrastructure project that employs members of a community that benefits from the community green infrastructure project in the development, construction, planting or maintenance of the project.

      (6) “Green infrastructure improvement zone” means an area designated by the State Forestry Department under ORS 526.520.

      (7) “Green infrastructure master plan” means a long-term plan developed by a public body or tribal government that involves the creation, protection or enhancement of green infrastructure, including but not limited to:

      (a) An urban forestry plan;

      (b) A storm water management plan; and

      (c) A plan to establish parks or other public green spaces.

      (8) “Indian tribe” means a federally recognized Indian tribe in Oregon.

      (9) “Native plant nursery” means an Oregon nursery that specializes in plants native to Oregon.

      (10) “Native seed bank” means a store of seeds from native plants that helps to:

      (a) Preserve genetic diversity in those plant species to increase plant yield and health, including disease resistance and drought tolerance;

      (b) Hold seeds and plants for the restorative health of a community; or

      (c) Support the replanting of post-fire successional plants.

      (11) “Oregon nursery” means:

      (a) A person that holds a license required by ORS 571.055 issued by the State Department of Agriculture; or

      (b) A nursery operated by an Indian tribe, an entity wholly owned by an Indian tribe or an enrolled member of an Indian tribe and operated on the tribe’s reservation or trust land.

      (12) “Public body” has the meaning given that term in ORS 174.109. [2023 c.442 §23]

 

      Note: See note under 197.468.

 

      197.470 Grant program; support by intergovernmental agreements. (1) The Community Green Infrastructure Grant Program is established as a program administered by the Department of Land Conservation and Development for the purpose of awarding grants for:

      (a) Offsetting the cost of planning and developing community green infrastructure projects or green infrastructure economic development projects;

      (b) Developing or supporting native seed banks or native plant nurseries; or

      (c) Supporting and implementing green infrastructure master plans.

      (2) The Department of Land Conservation and Development may enter into intergovernmental agreements under ORS chapter 190 with the Oregon Health Authority, the Oregon Business Development Department, the Bureau of Labor and Industries, the State Department of Agriculture, the Oregon Watershed Enhancement Board, the Department of Environmental Quality, the State Parks and Recreation Department or an Indian tribe for the purposes of assistance with:

      (a) The design and implementation of the Community Green Infrastructure Grant Program;

      (b) Readiness to acquire and administer federal funding related to green infrastructure projects; or

      (c) Technical advice or feedback on the grant review process established under this section.

      (3) The Department of Land Conservation and Development shall enter into an intergovernmental agreement under ORS chapter 190 with the State Forestry Department for the purposes of assistance with:

      (a) The design and implementation of the Community Green Infrastructure Grant Program;

      (b) Readiness to acquire and administer federal funding related to green infrastructure projects; and

      (c) Technical advice or feedback on the grant review process established under this section.

      (4) The Department of Land Conservation and Development shall enter into an intergovernmental agreement under ORS chapter 190 with the Department of Transportation for the purposes of assistance with:

      (a) Technical advice regarding state transportation facilities and rights of way as they relate to the design and implementation of the Community Green Infrastructure Grant Program;

      (b) Readiness to acquire and administer federal funding related to green infrastructure projects; and

      (c) Technical advice or feedback on the grant review process established under this section.

      (5)(a) A public body, a local workforce development board as defined in ORS 660.300, a manufactured dwelling park nonprofit cooperative as defined in ORS 62.803, an Indian tribe, a watershed council as defined in ORS 541.890, a nonprofit organization or a faith-based organization may apply for a grant under this section for the purpose of planning or developing a community green infrastructure project or a green infrastructure economic development project.

      (b) An applicant for a grant for a community green infrastructure project or a green infrastructure economic development project may partner with a state agency, a private business with a business site in this state or an owner of rental property in this state.

      (c) A grant for an approved application for a community green infrastructure project or a green infrastructure economic development project will be awarded and released only to an applicant described in paragraph (a) of this subsection.

      (d)(A) An application for a community green infrastructure project or a green infrastructure economic development project must be drafted in consultation with the government of the city or county in which the project will be located and with the electric and water utilities in whose service territory the project will be located.

      (B) An application must include documentation of the consultations described in this paragraph and demonstrate that feedback received as a result of consultation was incorporated into the application materials. If the application does not incorporate feedback from a consulted party into the application, the applicant must provide an explanation of why the feedback was not incorporated or provide a statement that no feedback was received from that party.

      (6)(a) An application for a grant under this section shall be in the form and manner prescribed by the Department of Land Conservation and Development.

      (b) An application for a grant to plan or develop a community green infrastructure project or a green infrastructure economic development project must demonstrate that the project:

      (A) Is located in this state;

      (B) Provides social, environmental or economic benefits to an environmental justice community;

      (C) Except for projects developed by an Indian tribe, has been or will be developed in coordination with an environmental justice community that will benefit from the completion of the project; and

      (D) Has a plan for the maintenance of the project for at least three years or has requested technical assistance for maintenance planning.

      (c) An application for a grant for a native seed bank or native plant nursery must demonstrate that the applicant qualifies as a native seed bank or a native plant nursery.

      (d) An application for a grant for a green infrastructure master plan must demonstrate how the long-term plan of the public body or tribal government involves the creation, protection or enhancement of green infrastructure.

      (7) Upon receipt of an application submitted under this section, the Department of Land Conservation and Development shall review the application and determine whether the applicant is eligible to receive a grant from the Community Green Infrastructure Grant Program. The department may award grants based on the prioritizations established under subsection (8) of this section. If the department denies a grant application, the department shall provide the reason for the denial in writing.

      (8) In awarding grants under the Community Green Infrastructure Grant Program, the Department of Land Conservation and Development may give priority to projects:

      (a) Involving large, low-maintenance, storm- and drought-resistant tree plantings;

      (b) Involving plantings that include native plants or pollinator-friendly species;

      (c) Involving tree plantings at or near school campuses, affordable housing, senior housing, manufactured dwelling parks, recreational vehicle parks or public rights of way;

      (d) That strengthen communities and fight displacement;

      (e) That develop innovative solutions for using urban woody biomass;

      (f) That are carried out by a city that has adopted a plan to increase urban tree canopy cover and has entered into a long-term agreement with an Oregon nursery to supply trees needed to carry out the plan; or

      (g) That utilize a community’s cultural practices to educate, and conserve and manage resources for, future generations.

      (9) To the maximum extent possible, community green infrastructure projects and green infrastructure economic development projects shall:

      (a) Minimize the vehicle miles traveled associated with all plant and tree stocks utilized in the project;

      (b) Include partnerships with green communities nurseries or nurseries defined in ORS 197.469 (11)(b);

      (c) Utilize native plant stock that is grown from native seed banks or native seed recovery and planting efforts; and

      (d) Utilize climate-adaptive plant stock that is regionally native, drought and disease tolerant and noninvasive.

      (10) To the maximum extent possible, community green infrastructure projects and green infrastructure economic development projects that occur on school campuses shall incorporate a curriculum or demonstration component to connect students to the project and provide education about:

      (a) Green infrastructure;

      (b) Careers in green infrastructure; and

      (c) Cultural practices to educate, and conserve and manage resources for, future generations. [2023 c.442 §24]

 

      Note: See note under 197.468.

 

      197.471 Community Green Infrastructure Fund. (1) The Community Green Infrastructure Fund is established in the State Treasury, separate and distinct from the General Fund. Interest earned by the Community Green Infrastructure Fund shall be credited to the fund. Moneys in the fund are continuously appropriated to the Department of Land Conservation and Development for the purpose of carrying out ORS 197.470, subject to the allocations described in subsection (2) of this section.

      (2) Of the moneys in the fund:

      (a) 30 percent shall be allocated for grants to be awarded for planning or developing green infrastructure economic development projects;

      (b) 40 percent shall be allocated for grants to be awarded for entities or projects located in green infrastructure improvement zones; and

      (c) 30 percent shall be allocated for grants to be awarded to entities or projects in tribal, rural, remote or coastal communities. [2023 c.442 §25]

 

      Note: See note under 197.468.

 

      197.472 Advisory committee; reports. (1) The Department of Land Conservation and Development may appoint an Advisory Committee on Community Green Infrastructure Investment to provide consultation on the implementation of ORS 197.470. A committee appointed under this section shall consist of at least one representative of each of the following interests:

      (a) City governments;

      (b) County governments;

      (c) Special districts, irrigation districts or transportation districts;

      (d) School districts;

      (e) Environmental justice communities;

      (f) The Oregon nursery industry;

      (g) Educational institutes that train professionals in horticulture, urban forestry or other green infrastructure professions;

      (h) State or local parks and recreation agencies;

      (i) Individuals with expertise in designing, constructing and maintaining green infrastructure;

      (j) Individuals with expertise in the public or community health benefits of green infrastructure;

      (k) Individuals with expertise in green workforce development or social enterprise models; and

      (L) Individuals with expertise in green infrastructure projects in tribal, rural, remote or coastal communities.

      (2)(a) The department shall invite each of the federally recognized Indian tribes in Oregon to participate in the advisory committee.

      (b) Invitation to participate in the advisory committee is not in lieu of other forms of tribal consultation, outreach or engagement that the department may engage in as necessary to fulfill the purposes of ORS 197.468 to 197.472.

      (3) No later than September 15 of each even-numbered year, the advisory committee shall submit a report on the implementation of the Community Green Infrastructure Grant Program to the appropriate interim committees of the Legislative Assembly, in the manner provided by ORS 192.245. [2023 c.442 §26]

 

      Note: See note under 197.468.

 

MANUFACTURED AND PREFABRICATED HOUSING, RECREATIONAL VEHICLES AND PARKS

 

      Note: Definitions in 197A.015 apply to 197.475 to 197.490.

      197.475 Policy. The Legislative Assembly declares that it is the policy of this state to provide for mobile home or manufactured dwelling parks within all urban growth boundaries to allow persons and families a choice of residential settings. [1987 c.785 §3; 1989 c.648 §53]

 

      197.478 Siting of manufactured homes and prefabricated structures within urban growth boundaries. (1) Notwithstanding any other provision in ORS chapter 197A, within an urban growth boundary, a local government shall allow the siting of manufactured homes and prefabricated structures on all land zoned to allow the development of single-family dwellings.

      (2) This section does not apply to any area designated in an acknowledged comprehensive plan or land use regulation as a historic district or residential land immediately adjacent to a historic landmark.

      (3) Manufactured homes and prefabricated structures allowed under this section are in addition to manufactured dwellings or prefabricated structures allowed within designated manufactured dwelling subdivisions.

      (4) A local government may not subject manufactured homes or prefabricated structures within an urban growth boundary, or the land upon which the homes or structures are sited, to any applicable standard that would not apply to a detached, site-built single-family dwelling on the same land, except:

      (a) As necessary to comply with a protective measure adopted pursuant to a statewide land use planning goal; or

      (b) To require that the manufacturer certify that the manufactured home or prefabricated structure has an exterior thermal envelope meeting performance standards which reduce levels equivalent to the performance standards required of single-family dwellings constructed under the Low-Rise Residential Dwelling Code as defined in ORS 455.010.

      (5) Within any residential zone inside an urban growth boundary where a manufactured dwelling park is otherwise allowed, a city or county may not adopt a minimum lot size for a manufactured dwelling park that is larger than one acre.

      (6) This section may not be construed as abrogating a recorded restrictive covenant. [Formerly 197.314]

 

      197.480 Planning for parks; procedures; inventory. (1) Each city and county governing body shall provide for mobile home or manufactured dwelling parks as an allowed use:

      (a) By zoning ordinance and by comprehensive plan designation on buildable lands within urban growth boundaries; and

      (b) In areas planned and zoned for a residential density of six to 12 units per acre sufficient to accommodate the need established pursuant to subsections (2) and (3) of this section.

      (2) A city or county shall establish a projection of need for mobile home or manufactured dwelling parks based on:

      (a) Population projections;

      (b) Household income levels;

      (c) Housing market trends of the region; and

      (d) An inventory of mobile home or manufactured dwelling parks sited in areas planned and zoned or generally used for commercial, industrial or high density residential development.

      (3) The inventory required by subsection (2)(d) and subsection (4) of this section shall establish the need for areas to be planned and zoned to accommodate the potential displacement of the inventoried mobile home or manufactured dwelling parks.

      (4) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (1) of this section, a city or county within Metro, shall inventory the mobile home or manufactured dwelling parks sited in areas planned and zoned or generally used for commercial, industrial or high density residential development.

      (5)(a) A city or county may establish clear and objective criteria and standards for the placement and design of mobile home or manufactured dwelling parks.

      (b) If a city or county requires a hearing before approval of a mobile home or manufactured dwelling park, application of the criteria and standards adopted pursuant to paragraph (a) of this subsection shall be the sole issue to be determined at the hearing.

      (c) No criteria or standards established under paragraph (a) of this subsection may be adopted which would preclude the development of mobile home or manufactured dwelling parks within the intent of ORS 197.475 to 197.493. [1987 c.785 §4; 1989 c.648 §54; 2023 c.13 §84]

 

      197.485 Prohibition on restrictions of manufactured dwelling or prefabricated structure. (1) A jurisdiction may not prohibit placement of a manufactured dwelling, due solely to its age, in a mobile home or manufactured dwelling park in a zone with a residential density of eight to 12 units per acre.

      (2) A jurisdiction may not prohibit placement of a manufactured dwelling, due solely to its age, on a buildable lot or parcel located outside urban growth boundaries or on a space in a mobile home or manufactured dwelling park, if the manufactured dwelling is being relocated due to the closure of a mobile home or manufactured dwelling park or a portion of a mobile home or manufactured dwelling park.

      (3) A jurisdiction may not prohibit the placement of a prefabricated structure in a mobile home or manufactured dwelling park.

      (4) A jurisdiction may impose reasonable safety and inspection requirements for homes that were not constructed in conformance with the National Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety Standards Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5403). [1987 c.785 §5; 1989 c.648 §55; 2005 c.22 §143; 2005 c.826 §12; 2007 c.906 §10; 2022 c.54 §3]

 

      197.488 Replacement of park destroyed by natural disaster. (1) As used in this section, “natural disaster” includes any disaster resulting in the declaration of a state of emergency under ORS 401.165 or 401.309 for wildfires, floods, tsunamis, earthquakes or similar events, including disasters began by negligent or intentional acts.

      (2) Notwithstanding ORS 215.130 (5) to (11) or any land use regulation, statewide land use planning goal or Land Conservation and Development Commission rule, a local government:

      (a) Shall, if the development complies with the local government’s floodplain and other natural hazard land use regulations, approve an application for the development of a manufactured dwelling park:

      (A) To replace a park destroyed by a natural disaster; or

      (B) That is in an area rezoned under paragraph (b) of this subsection.

      (b) May, by approval of the governing body, approve a zoning change for an area within an urban growth boundary near the destroyed park to permit the development of a manufactured dwelling park where the destruction of manufactured dwellings from the natural disaster has contributed to a shortage in housing.

      (3) A local government may require an applicant to prove that the destroyed park was assessed as a building or structure for purposes of ad valorem taxation for the most recent property tax year ending before the disaster.

      (4) In reviewing an application under this section, a local government may not require that an applicant prove that the destroyed park was lawful under the existing land use regulations at any time, including when the building, structure or use was established, at the time of interruption or destruction or at the time of the application.

      (5) The approval of an application for development of a park under this section does not expire. [2021 c.260 §2]

 

      Note: 197.488 was added to and made a part of ORS chapter 197 by legislative action but was not added to any smaller series therein. See Preface to Oregon Revised Statutes for further explanation.

 

      197.490 Restriction on establishment of park. (1) Except as provided by ORS 446.105, a mobile home or manufactured dwelling park shall not be established on land, within an urban growth boundary, which is planned or zoned for commercial or industrial use.

      (2) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (1) of this section, if no other access is available, access to a mobile home or manufactured dwelling park may be provided through a commercial or industrial zone. [1987 c.785 §6; 1989 c.648 §56]

 

      197.492 Definitions for ORS 197.492 and 197.493. As used in this section and ORS 197.493:

      (1) “Recreational vehicle” has the meaning given that term in ORS 174.101.

      (2) “Recreational vehicle park”:

      (a) Means a place where two or more recreational vehicles are located within 500 feet of one another on a lot, tract or parcel of land under common ownership and having as its primary purpose:

      (A) The renting of space and related facilities for a charge or fee; or

      (B) The provision of space for free in connection with securing the patronage of a person.

      (b) Does not mean:

      (A) An area designated only for picnicking or overnight camping; or

      (B) A manufactured dwelling park or mobile home park. [2005 c.619 §11; 2019 c.422 §30; 2022 c.54 §14]

 

      197.493 Placement and occupancy of recreational vehicle. (1) A state agency or local government may not prohibit the placement or occupancy of a recreational vehicle, or impose any limit on the length of occupancy of a recreational vehicle as a residential dwelling, solely on the grounds that the occupancy is in a recreational vehicle, if the recreational vehicle is:

      (a) Allowed under ORS 215.490;

      (b)(A) Located in a manufactured dwelling park, mobile home park or recreational vehicle park;

      (B) Occupied as a residential dwelling; and

      (C) Lawfully connected to water and electrical supply systems and a sewage disposal system; or

      (c) On a lot or parcel with a manufactured dwelling or single-family dwelling that is uninhabitable due to damages from a natural disaster, including wildfires, earthquakes, flooding or storms, until no later than the date:

      (A) The dwelling has been repaired or replaced and an occupancy permit has been issued;

      (B) The local government makes a determination that the owner of the dwelling is unreasonably delaying in completing repairs or replacing the dwelling; or

      (C) Five years after the date the dwelling first became uninhabitable.

      (2) Subsection (1) of this section does not limit the authority of a state agency or local government to impose other special conditions on the placement or occupancy of a recreational vehicle. [2005 c.619 §12; 2021 c.235 §1; 2023 c.9 §11; 2023 c.295 §3; 2023 c.327 §1]

 

MORATORIUM ON CONSTRUCTION OR LAND DEVELOPMENT

 

      197.505 Definitions for ORS 197.505 to 197.540. As used in ORS 197.505 to 197.540:

      (1) “Public facilities” means those public facilities for which a public facilities plan is required under ORS 197.712.

      (2) “Special district” refers to only those entities as defined in ORS 197.015 (19) that provide services for which public facilities plans are required. [1980 c.2 §2; 1991 c.839 §1; 1993 c.438 §4; 1995 c.463 §1; 1999 c.838 §1; 2005 c.22 §144; 2007 c.354 §29]

 

      197.510 Legislative findings. The Legislative Assembly finds and declares that:

      (1) The declaration of moratoria on construction and land development by cities, counties and special districts may have a negative effect not only on property owners, but also on the housing and economic development policies and goals of other local governments within the state, and therefore, is a matter of statewide concern.

      (2) Such moratoria, particularly when limited in duration and scope, and adopted pursuant to growth management systems that further the statewide planning goals and local comprehensive plans, may be both necessary and desirable.

      (3) Clear state standards should be established to ensure that:

      (a) The need for moratoria is considered and documented;

      (b) The impact on property owners, housing and economic development is minimized; and

      (c) Necessary and properly enacted moratoria are not subjected to undue litigation. [1980 c.2 §1; 1991 c.839 §2; 1995 c.463 §2]

 

      197.520 Manner of declaring moratorium. (1) No city, county or special district may adopt a moratorium on construction or land development unless it first:

      (a) Provides written notice to the Department of Land Conservation and Development at least 45 days prior to the final public hearing to be held to consider the adoption of the moratorium;

      (b) Makes written findings justifying the need for the moratorium in the manner provided for in this section; and

      (c) Holds a public hearing on the adoption of the moratorium and the findings which support the moratorium.

      (2) For urban or urbanizable land, a moratorium may be justified by demonstration of a need to prevent a shortage of public facilities which would otherwise occur during the effective period of the moratorium. Such a demonstration shall be based upon reasonably available information, and shall include, but need not be limited to, findings:

      (a) Showing the extent of need beyond the estimated capacity of existing public facilities expected to result from new land development, including identification of any public facilities currently operating beyond capacity, and the portion of such capacity already committed to development;

      (b) That the moratorium is reasonably limited to those areas of the city, county or special district where a shortage of key public facilities would otherwise occur; and

      (c) That the housing and economic development needs of the area affected have been accommodated as much as possible in any program for allocating any remaining public facility capacity.

      (3) A moratorium not based on a shortage of public facilities under subsection (2) of this section may be justified only by a demonstration of compelling need. Such a demonstration shall be based upon reasonably available information and shall include, but need not be limited to, findings:

      (a) For urban or urbanizable land:

      (A) That application of existing development ordinances or regulations and other applicable law is inadequate to prevent irrevocable public harm from development in affected geographical areas;

      (B) That the moratorium is sufficiently limited to ensure that a needed supply of affected housing types and the supply of commercial and industrial facilities within or in proximity to the city, county or special district are not unreasonably restricted by the adoption of the moratorium;

      (C) Stating the reasons alternative methods of achieving the objectives of the moratorium are unsatisfactory;

      (D) That the city, county or special district has determined that the public harm which would be caused by failure to impose a moratorium outweighs the adverse effects on other affected local governments, including shifts in demand for housing or economic development, public facilities and services and buildable lands, and the overall impact of the moratorium on population distribution; and

      (E) That the city, county or special district proposing the moratorium has determined that sufficient resources are available to complete the development of needed interim or permanent changes in plans, regulations or procedures within the period of effectiveness of the moratorium.

      (b) For rural land:

      (A) That application of existing development ordinances or regulations and other applicable law is inadequate to prevent irrevocable public harm from development in affected geographical areas;

      (B) Stating the reasons alternative methods of achieving the objectives of the moratorium are unsatisfactory;

      (C) That the moratorium is sufficiently limited to ensure that lots or parcels outside the affected geographical areas are not unreasonably restricted by the adoption of the moratorium; and

      (D) That the city, county or special district proposing the moratorium has developed a work plan and time schedule for achieving the objectives of the moratorium.

      (4) No moratorium adopted under subsection (3)(a) of this section shall be effective for a period longer than 120 days, but such a moratorium may be extended provided the city, county or special district adopting the moratorium holds a public hearing on the proposed extension and adopts written findings that:

      (a) Verify the problem giving rise to the need for a moratorium still exists;

      (b) Demonstrate that reasonable progress is being made to alleviate the problem giving rise to the moratorium; and

      (c) Set a specific duration for the renewal of the moratorium. No extension may be for a period longer than six months.

      (5) Any city, county or special district considering an extension of a moratorium shall give the department at least 14 days’ notice of the time and date of the public hearing on the extension. [1980 c.2 §3; 1991 c.839 §3; 1995 c.463 §3]

 

      197.522 Local government to approve subdivision, partition or construction; conditions. (1) As used in this section:

      (a) “Needed housing” has the meaning given that term in ORS 197A.015.

      (b) “Partition” has the meaning given that term in ORS 92.010.

      (c) “Permit” means a permit as defined in ORS 215.402 and a permit as defined in ORS 227.160.

      (d) “Subdivision” has the meaning given that term in ORS 92.010.

      (2) A local government shall approve an application for a permit, authorization or other approval necessary for the subdivision or partitioning of, or construction on, any land for needed housing that is consistent with the comprehensive plan and applicable land use regulations.

      (3) If an application is inconsistent with the comprehensive plan and applicable land use regulations, the local government, prior to making a final decision on the application, shall allow the applicant to offer an amendment or to propose conditions of approval that would make the application consistent with the plan and applicable regulations. If an applicant seeks to amend the application or propose conditions of approval:

      (a) A county may extend the time limitation under ORS 215.427 for final action by the governing body of a county on an application for needed housing and may set forth a new time limitation for final action on the consideration of future amendments or proposals.

      (b) A city may extend the time limitation under ORS 227.178 for final action by the governing body of a city on an application for needed housing and may set forth a new time limitation for final action on the consideration of future amendments or proposals.

      (4) A local government shall deny an application that is inconsistent with the comprehensive plan and applicable land use regulations and that cannot be made consistent through amendments to the application or the imposition of reasonable conditions of approval. [1999 c.838 §4; 2015 c.374 §3; 2023 c.13 §85]

 

      Note: 197.522 was added to and made a part of ORS chapter 197 by legislative action but was not added to any smaller series therein. See Preface to Oregon Revised Statutes for further explanation.

 

      197.524 Local government to adopt moratorium or public facilities strategy following pattern or practice of delaying or stopping issuance of permits. (1) When a local government engages in a pattern or practice of delaying or stopping the issuance of permits, authorizations or approvals necessary for the subdivision or partitioning of, or construction on, any land, including delaying or stopping issuance based on a shortage of public facilities, the local government shall:

      (a) Adopt a public facilities strategy under ORS 197.768; or

      (b) Adopt a moratorium on construction or land development under ORS 197.505 to 197.540.

      (2) The provisions of subsection (1) of this section do not apply to the delay or stopping of the issuance of permits, authorizations or approvals because they are inconsistent with the local government’s comprehensive plan or land use regulations. [1999 c.838 §3]

 

      197.530 Correction program; procedures. (1) A city, county or special district that adopts a moratorium on construction or land development in conformity with ORS 197.520 (1) and (2) shall within 60 days after the effective date of the moratorium adopt a program to correct the problem creating the moratorium. The program shall be presented at a public hearing. The city, county or special district shall give at least 14 days’ advance notice to the Department of Land Conservation and Development of the time and date of the public hearing.

      (2) No moratorium adopted under ORS 197.520 (2) shall be effective for a period longer than six months from the date on which the corrective program is adopted, but such a moratorium may be extended provided the city, county or special district adopting the moratorium holds a public hearing on the proposed extension and adopts written findings that:

      (a) Verify that the problem giving rise to the moratorium still exists;

      (b) Demonstrate that reasonable progress is being made to alleviate the problem giving rise to the moratorium; and

      (c) Set a specific duration for the renewal of the moratorium.

      (3) No single extension under subsection (2) of this section may be for a period longer than six months, and no moratorium shall be extended more than three times.

      (4) Any city, county or special district considering an extension of a moratorium shall give the department at least 14 days’ notice of the time and date of the public hearing on the extension. [1980 c.2 §4; 1991 c.839 §4]

 

      197.540 Review by Land Use Board of Appeals. (1) In the manner provided in ORS 197.830 to 197.845, the Land Use Board of Appeals shall review upon petition by a county, city or special district governing body or state agency or a person or group of persons whose interests are substantially affected, any moratorium on construction or land development or a corrective program alleged to have been adopted in violation of the provisions of ORS 197.505 to 197.540.

      (2) If the board determines that a moratorium or corrective program was not adopted in compliance with the provisions of ORS 197.505 to 197.540, the board shall issue an order invalidating the moratorium.

      (3) All review proceedings conducted by the Land Use Board of Appeals under subsection (1) of this section shall be based on the administrative record, if any, that is the subject of the review proceeding. The board shall not substitute its judgment for a finding solely of fact for which there is substantial evidence in the whole record.

      (4) Notwithstanding any provision of ORS chapters 195, 196, 197 and 197A to the contrary, the sole standard of review of a moratorium on construction or land development or a corrective program is under the provisions of this section, and such a moratorium shall not be reviewed for compliance with the statewide planning goals adopted under ORS chapters 195, 196, 197 and 197A.

      (5) The review of a moratorium on construction or land development under subsection (1) of this section shall be the sole authority for review of such a moratorium, and there shall be no authority for review in the circuit courts of this state. [1980 c.2 §5; 1983 c.827 §45; 2001 c.672 §9]

 

      197.550 [1995 s.s. c.3 §20; repealed by 1996 c.12 §14]

 

      197.553 [1995 s.s. c.3 §19; repealed by 1996 c.12 §14]

 

      197.556 [1995 s.s. c.3 §21; repealed by 1996 c.12 §14]

 

      197.559 [1995 s.s. c.3 §23; repealed by 1996 c.12 §14]

 

      197.562 [1995 s.s. c.3 §24; repealed by 1996 c.12 §14]

 

      197.565 [1995 s.s. c.3 §22; repealed by 1996 c.12 §14]

 

      197.568 [1995 s.s. c.3 §25; repealed by 1996 c.12 §14]

 

      197.571 [1995 s.s. c.3 §26; repealed by 1996 c.12 §14]

 

      197.574 [1995 s.s. c.3 §27; repealed by 1996 c.12 §14]

 

      197.577 [1995 s.s. c.3 §28; repealed by 1996 c.12 §14]

 

      197.581 [1995 s.s. c.3 §29; repealed by 1996 c.12 §14]

 

      197.584 [1995 s.s. c.3 §30; repealed by 1996 c.12 §14]

 

      197.587 [1995 s.s. c.3 §30a; 1997 c.800 §10; renumbered 267.334 in 1997]

 

      197.590 [1995 s.s. c.3 §31; repealed by 1996 c.12 §14]

 

      197.605 [1981 c.748 §3; repealed by 1983 c.827 §59]

 

POST-ACKNOWLEDGMENT PROCEDURES

 

      197.610 Submission of proposed comprehensive plan or land use regulation changes to Department of Land Conservation and Development; rules. (1) Before a local government adopts a change, including additions and deletions, to an acknowledged comprehensive plan or a land use regulation, the local government shall submit the proposed change to the Director of the Department of Land Conservation and Development. The Land Conservation and Development Commission shall specify, by rule, the deadline for submitting proposed changes, but in all cases the proposed change must be submitted at least 20 days before the local government holds the first evidentiary hearing on adoption of the proposed change. The commission may not require a local government to submit the proposed change more than 35 days before the first evidentiary hearing.

      (2) If a local government determines that emergency circumstances beyond the control of the local government require expedited review, the local government shall submit the proposed changes as soon as practicable, but may submit the proposed changes after the applicable deadline.

      (3) Submission of the proposed change must include all of the following materials:

      (a) The text of the proposed change to the comprehensive plan or land use regulation implementing the plan;

      (b) If a comprehensive plan map or zoning map is created or altered by the proposed change, a copy of the map that is created or altered;

      (c) A brief narrative summary of the proposed change and any supplemental information that the local government believes may be useful to inform the director or members of the public of the effect of the proposed change;

      (d) The date set for the first evidentiary hearing;

      (e) The form of notice or a draft of the notice to be provided under ORS 197.797, if applicable; and

      (f) Any staff report on the proposed change or information describing when the staff report will be available, and how a copy of the staff report can be obtained.

      (4) The director shall cause notice of the proposed change to the acknowledged comprehensive plan or the land use regulation to be provided to:

      (a) Persons that have requested notice of changes to the acknowledged comprehensive plan of the particular local government, using electronic mail, electronic bulletin board, electronic mailing list server or similar electronic method; and

      (b) Persons that are generally interested in changes to acknowledged comprehensive plans, by posting notices periodically on a public website using the Internet or a similar electronic method.

      (5) When a local government determines that the land use statutes, statewide land use planning goals and administrative rules of the commission that implement either the statutes or the goals do not apply to a proposed change to the acknowledged comprehensive plan and the land use regulations, submission of the proposed change under this section is not required.

      (6) If, after submitting the materials described in subsection (3) of this section, the proposed change is altered to such an extent that the materials submitted no longer reasonably describe the proposed change, the local government must notify the Department of Land Conservation and Development of the alterations to the proposed change and provide a summary of the alterations along with any alterations to the proposed text or map to the director at least 10 days before the final evidentiary hearing on the proposal. The director shall cause notice of the alterations to be given in the manner described in subsection (4) of this section. Circumstances requiring resubmission of a proposed change may include, but are not limited to, a change in the principal uses allowed under the proposed change or a significant change in the location at which the principal uses would be allowed, limited or prohibited.

      (7) When the director determines that a proposed change to an acknowledged comprehensive plan or a land use regulation may not be in compliance with land use statutes or the statewide land use planning goals, including administrative rules implementing either the statutes or the goals, the department shall notify the local government of the concerns at least 15 days before the final evidentiary hearing, unless there is only one hearing or the proposed change has been modified to the extent that resubmission is required under subsection (6) of this section.

      (8) Notwithstanding subsection (7) of this section, the department may provide advisory recommendations to the local government concerning the proposed change to the acknowledged comprehensive plan or land use regulation. [1981 c.748 §4; 1983 c.827 §7; 1985 c.565 §27; 1989 c.761 §20; 1999 c.622 §1; 2011 c.280 §1]

 

      197.612 Comprehensive plan or land use regulation changes to conform plan or regulations to new requirement in statute, goal or rule. (1) Notwithstanding contrary provisions of state and local law, a local government that proposes a change to an acknowledged comprehensive plan or a land use regulation solely for the purpose of conforming the plan and regulations to new requirements in a land use statute, statewide land use planning goal or rule of the Land Conservation and Development Commission implementing the statutes or goals may take action to change the comprehensive plan or the land use regulation without holding a public hearing if:

      (a) The local government gives notice to the Department of Land Conservation and Development of the proposed change in the manner provided by ORS 197.610 and 197.615; and

      (b) The department confirms in writing that the only effect of the proposed change is to conform the comprehensive plan or the land use regulations to the new requirements.

      (2) Notwithstanding the requirement under ORS 197.830 (2) that a person must have appeared before the local government orally or in writing, a person that has not appeared may petition for review of the decision under subsection (1) of this section solely to determine whether the only effect of the local decision is to conform the comprehensive plan or the land use regulation to the new requirements. [2011 c.280 §6]

 

      197.615 Submission of adopted comprehensive plan or land use regulation changes to Department of Land Conservation and Development. (1) When a local government adopts a proposed change to an acknowledged comprehensive plan or a land use regulation, the local government shall submit the decision to the Director of the Department of Land Conservation and Development within 20 days after making the decision.

      (2) The submission must contain the following materials:

      (a) A copy of the signed decision, the findings and the text of the change to the comprehensive plan or land use regulation;

      (b) If a comprehensive plan map or zoning map is created or altered by the proposed change, a copy of the map that is created or altered;

      (c) A brief narrative summary of the decision, including a summary of substantive differences from the proposed change submitted under ORS 197.610 and any supplemental information that the local government believes may be useful to inform the director or members of the public of the effect of the actual change; and

      (d) A statement by the individual transmitting the submission, identifying the date of the decision and the date of the submission.

      (3) The director shall cause notice of the decision and an explanation of the requirements for appealing the land use decision under ORS 197.830 to 197.845 to be provided to:

      (a) Persons that have requested notice of changes to the acknowledged comprehensive plan of the particular local government, using electronic mail, electronic bulletin board, electronic mailing list server or similar electronic method; and

      (b) Persons that are generally interested in changes to acknowledged comprehensive plans, by posting notices periodically on a public website using the Internet or a similar electronic method.

      (4) On the same day the local government submits the decision to the director, the local government shall mail, or otherwise deliver, notice to persons that:

      (a) Participated in the local government proceedings that led to the decision to adopt the change to the acknowledged comprehensive plan or the land use regulation; and

      (b) Requested in writing that the local government give notice of the change to the acknowledged comprehensive plan or the land use regulation.

      (5) The notice required by subsection (4) of this section must state how and where the materials described in subsection (2) of this section may be obtained and must:

      (a) Include a statement by the individual delivering the notice that identifies the date on which the notice was delivered and the individual delivering the notice;

      (b) List the locations and times at which the public may review the decision and findings; and

      (c) Explain the requirements for appealing the land use decision under ORS 197.830 to 197.845. [1981 c.748 §5; 1983 c.827 §9; 1999 c.255 §1; 2011 c.280 §2]

 

      197.620 Appeal of certain comprehensive plan or land use regulation decision-making. (1) A decision to not adopt a legislative amendment or a new land use regulation is not appealable unless the amendment is necessary to address the requirements of a new or amended goal, rule or statute.

      (2) Notwithstanding the requirements of ORS 197.830 (2) that a person have appeared before the local government orally or in writing to seek review of a land use decision, the Director of the Department of Land Conservation and Development or any other person may appeal the decision to the Land Use Board of Appeals if:

      (a) The local government failed to submit all of the materials described in ORS 197.610 (3) or, if applicable, ORS 197.610 (6), and the failure to submit the materials prejudiced substantial rights of the Department of Land Conservation and Development or the person;

      (b) Except as provided in subsection (3) of this section, the local government submitted the materials described in ORS 197.610 (3) or, if applicable, ORS 197.610 (6), after the deadline specified in ORS 197.610 (1) or (6) or rules of the Land Conservation and Development Commission, whichever is applicable; or

      (c) The decision differs from the proposed changes submitted under ORS 197.610 to such an extent that the materials submitted under ORS 197.610 do not reasonably describe the decision.

      (3) Subsection (2)(b) of this section does not authorize an appeal if the local government cures an untimely submission of materials as provided in this subsection. A local government may cure the untimely submission of materials by either:

      (a) Postponing the date for the final evidentiary hearing by the greater of 10 days or the number of days by which the submission was late; or

      (b) Holding the evidentiary record open for an additional period of time equal to 10 days or the number of days by which the submission was late, whichever is greater. Additionally, the local government shall provide notice of the postponement or record extension to the Department of Land Conservation and Development. [1981 c.748 §5a; 1983 c.827 §8; 1989 c.761 §21; 1991 c.612 §13a; 2011 c.280 §3]

 

      197.622 Amendments to acknowledged comprehensive plan or land use regulation after remand from Land Use Board of Appeals. When a local government adopts a change to an acknowledged comprehensive plan or land use regulation, and the Land Use Board of Appeals remands all or a portion of that decision based solely on inadequate findings or evidence, if the local government adopts the same changes following remand with revised findings and additional evidence responding to the remand, then a party may not raise new issues that could have been but were not previously raised before the board, but may only challenge the revised findings or additional evidence. [2023 c.551 §2]

 

      197.625 Acknowledgment of comprehensive plan or land use regulation changes; application prior to acknowledgment. (1) A local decision adopting a change to an acknowledged comprehensive plan or a land use regulation is deemed to be acknowledged when the local government has complied with the requirements of ORS 197.610 and 197.615 and either:

      (a) The 21-day appeal period set out in ORS 197.830 (9) has expired and a notice of intent to appeal has not been filed; or

      (b) If an appeal has been timely filed, the Land Use Board of Appeals affirms the local decision or, if an appeal of the decision of the board is timely filed, an appellate court affirms the decision.

      (2) If the local decision adopting a change to an acknowledged comprehensive plan or a land use regulation is affirmed on appeal under ORS 197.830 to 197.855, the comprehensive plan or the land use regulation, as modified, is deemed to be acknowledged upon the date the decision of the board or the decision of an appellate court becomes final.

      (3) Prior to acknowledgment of a change to an acknowledged comprehensive plan or a land use regulation:

      (a) The change is effective at the time specified by local government charter or ordinance; and

      (b) If the change was adopted in substantial compliance with ORS 197.610 and 197.615, the local government shall apply the change to land use decisions, expedited land divisions and limited land use decisions unless a stay is granted under ORS 197.845.

      (4) Approval of a land use decision, expedited land division or limited land use decision that is subject to an effective but unacknowledged provision of a comprehensive plan or a land use regulation must include findings of compliance with land use statutes, statewide land use planning goals and administrative rules of the Land Conservation and Development Commission implementing the statutes or goals that apply to the decision and that the unacknowledged provision implements.

      (5) If an effective but unacknowledged provision of a comprehensive plan or a land use regulation fails to gain acknowledgment, a permit or zone change approved, in whole or in part, on the basis of the change does not justify retention of the improvements that were authorized by the permit or zone change.

      (6) If requested by a local government, the Director of the Department of Land Conservation and Development shall issue certification of the acknowledgment upon receipt of an affidavit from:

      (a) The local government, attesting that the change to the acknowledged comprehensive plan or the land use regulation was accomplished in compliance with ORS 197.610 and 197.615; and

      (b) The Land Use Board of Appeals, stating either:

      (A) That no notice of appeal was filed within the 21 days allowed under ORS 197.830 (9); or

      (B) The date the decision of the board or the decision of an appellate court affirming the change to the acknowledged comprehensive plan or the land use regulation became final.

      (7) The board shall issue an affidavit for the purposes of subsection (6) of this section within five days after receiving a valid request from the local government. [1981 c.748 §5b; 1983 c.827 §10; 1987 c.729 §6; 1989 c.761 §23; 1991 c.612 §14; 1993 c.792 §44; 1995 c.595 §25; 1999 c.348 §9; 1999 c.621 §5; 2003 c.793 §3; 2011 c.280 §4]

 

      197.626 Submission of land use decisions that expand urban growth boundary or designate urban or rural reserves. (1) A local government shall submit for review and the Land Conservation and Development Commission shall review the following final land use decisions in the manner provided for review of a work task under ORS 197.633 and subject to subsection (3) of this section:

      (a) An amendment of an urban growth boundary by a metropolitan service district that adds more than 100 acres to the area within its urban growth boundary;

      (b) An amendment of an urban growth boundary by a city with a population of 2,500 or more within its urban growth boundary that adds more than 50 acres to the area within the urban growth boundary;

      (c) A designation of an area as an urban reserve under ORS 197A.230 to 197A.250 by a metropolitan service district or by a city with a population of 2,500 or more within its urban growth boundary;

      (d) An amendment of the boundary of an urban reserve by a metropolitan service district;

      (e) An amendment of the boundary of an urban reserve to add more than 50 acres to the urban reserve by a city with a population of 2,500 or more within its urban growth boundary; and

      (f) A designation or an amendment to the designation of a rural reserve under ORS 197A.230 to 197A.250 by a county, in coordination with a metropolitan service district, and the amendment of the designation.

      (2) When the commission reviews a final land use decision of a metropolitan service district under subsection (1)(a), (c), (d) or (f) of this section, the commission shall issue a final order in writing within 180 days after the commission votes whether to approve the decision.

      (3) When reviewing an amendment of an urban growth boundary under subsection (1)(b) of this section and ORS chapter 197A:

      (a) At the request of and in coordination with the city, the Director of the Department of Land Conservation and Development shall parse work tasks in a manner that allows the Department of Land Conservation and Development to issue final orders approving or remanding sequential phases required for completion of the work tasks, including a final order approving:

      (A) An inventory of buildable lands and an opportunities analysis under a goal relating to economic activities or an inventory of buildable lands and a needs analysis under a goal relating to housing needs.

      (B) An estimation of the land need under a goal relating to economic activities.

      (C) Any response to the department regarding approval of the estimation of land need, including changes proposed to comprehensive plan designations or land use zones.

      (b)(A) The director shall take action on each sequential phase of a work task described in paragraph (a) of this subsection not later than 90 days after the local government submits the phase for review, unless the local government waives the 90-day deadline or the commission grants the director an extension.

      (B) If the director does not take action within the time period required by subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, the sequential phase of the work task is deemed approved.

      (c) The director may approve or remand a sequential phase of a work task or refer the phase of the work task to the commission for a decision. A decision by the director to approve or remand a phase of the work task may be appealed to the commission.

      (d) The director shall provide a letter to the local government certifying the approval of each sequential phase of a work task, unless an interested party has filed a timely objection to the phase of the work task consistent with administrative rules for conducting periodic review.

      (4) A final order of the commission under this section may be appealed to the Court of Appeals in the manner described in ORS 197.650 and 197.651. [1999 c.622 §14; 2001 c.672 §10; 2003 c.793 §4; 2007 c.723 §7; 2011 c.469 §1; 2014 c.92 §6; 2017 c.521 §1]

 

      197.627 Meaning of “compliance with the goals” for certain purposes. For the purposes of acknowledgment under ORS 197.251, board review under ORS 197.805 to 197.855, review of a proposed regional problem-solving agreement under ORS 197.652 to 197.658 or periodic review under ORS 197.628 to 197.651, “compliance with the goals” means the comprehensive plan and regulations, on the whole, conform with the purposes of the goals and any failure to meet individual goal requirements is technical or minor in nature. [Formerly 197.747]

 

      Note: 197.627 was made a part of ORS chapter 197 by legislative action but was not added to any smaller series therein. See Preface to Oregon Revised Statutes for further explanation.

 

      197.628 Periodic review; policy; conditions that indicate need for periodic review. (1) It is the policy of the State of Oregon to require the periodic review of comprehensive plans and land use regulations in order to respond to changes in local, regional and state conditions to ensure that the plans and regulations remain in compliance with the statewide planning goals adopted pursuant to ORS 197.230, and to ensure that the plans and regulations make adequate provision for economic development, needed housing, transportation, public facilities and services and urbanization.

      (2) The Land Conservation and Development Commission shall concentrate periodic review assistance to local governments on achieving compliance with those statewide land use planning laws and goals that address economic development, needed housing, transportation, public facilities and services and urbanization.

      (3) The following conditions indicate the need for periodic review of comprehensive plans and land use regulations:

      (a) There has been a substantial change in circumstances including but not limited to the conditions, findings or assumptions upon which the comprehensive plan or land use regulations were based, so that the comprehensive plan or land use regulations do not comply with the statewide planning goals relating to economic development, needed housing, transportation, public facilities and services and urbanization;

      (b) Decisions implementing acknowledged comprehensive plan and land use regulations are inconsistent with the goals relating to economic development, needed housing, transportation, public facilities and services and urbanization;

      (c) There are issues of regional or statewide significance, intergovernmental coordination or state agency plans or programs affecting land use which must be addressed in order to bring comprehensive plans and land use regulations into compliance with the goals relating to economic development, needed housing, transportation, public facilities and services and urbanization; or

      (d) The local government, commission or Department of Land Conservation and Development determines that the existing comprehensive plan and land use regulations are not achieving the statewide planning goals relating to economic development, needed housing, transportation, public facilities and services and urbanization. [1991 c.612 §2; 1999 c.622 §2; 2005 c.829 §1]

 

      197.629 Schedule for periodic review; coordination. (1) The Land Conservation and Development Commission shall establish and maintain a schedule for periodic review of comprehensive plans and land use regulations. Except as necessary to coordinate approved periodic review work programs and to account for special circumstances that from time to time arise, the schedule shall reflect the following timelines:

      (a) A city with a population of more than 2,500 within a metropolitan planning organization or a metropolitan service district shall conduct periodic review every seven years after completion of the previous periodic review; and

      (b) A city with a population of 10,000 or more inside its urban growth boundary that is not within a metropolitan planning organization shall conduct periodic review every 10 years after completion of the previous periodic review.

      (2) A county with a portion of its population within the urban growth boundary of a city subject to periodic review under this section shall conduct periodic review for that portion of the county according to the schedule and work program set for the city.

      (3) Notwithstanding subsection (2) of this section, if the schedule set for the county is specific as to that portion of the county within the urban growth boundary of a city subject to periodic review under this section, the county shall conduct periodic review for that portion of the county according to the schedule and work program set for the county.

      (4) If the Land Conservation and Development Commission pays the costs of a local government that is not subject to subsection (1) of this section to perform new work programs and work tasks, the commission may require the local government to complete periodic review when the local government has not completed periodic review within the previous five years if:

      (a) A city has been growing faster than the annual population growth rate of the state for five consecutive years;

      (b) A major transportation project on the Statewide Transportation Improvement Program that is approved for funding by the Oregon Transportation Commission is likely to:

      (A) Have a significant impact on a city or an urban unincorporated community; or

      (B) Be significantly affected by growth and development in a city or an urban unincorporated community;

      (c) A major facility, including a prison, is sited or funded by a state agency; or

      (d) Approval by the city or county of a facility for a major employer will increase employment opportunities and significantly affect the capacity of housing and public facilities in the city or urban unincorporated community.

      (5) The Land Conservation and Development Commission may schedule periodic review for a local government earlier than provided in subsection (1) of this section if necessary to ensure that all local governments in a region whose land use decisions would significantly affect other local governments in the region are conducting periodic review concurrently, but not sooner than five years after completion of the previous periodic review.

      (6) A city or county that is not required to complete periodic review under subsection (1) of this section may request periodic review by the commission.

      (7) Upon request by a city, the Land Conservation and Development Commission may permit a city to undergo periodic review for the limited purpose of completing changes to proposed amendments to a comprehensive plan and land use regulations required on remand after review by the commission under ORS 197.626 (1)(b). If periodic review is initiated under this subsection, the city may adopt, and the Director of the Department of Land Conservation and Development may approve, a work program that includes only the changes required on remand.

      (8) As used in this section, “metropolitan planning organization” means an organization located wholly within the State of Oregon and designated by the Governor to coordinate transportation planning in an urbanized area of the state pursuant to 49 U.S.C. 5303(c). [1999 c.622 §10; 2001 c.527 §3; 2005 c.829 §2; 2015 c.261 §1]

 

      197.630 [1981 c.748 §5c; repealed by 1983 c.827 §59]

 

      197.631 Commission to amend regulations to facilitate periodic review. In order to use state and local periodic review resources most efficiently and effectively and to concentrate periodic review on adequate provision of economic development, needed housing, transportation, public facilities and services and urbanization, the Land Conservation and Development Commission shall adopt, amend or repeal the statewide land use planning goals, guidelines and corresponding rules as necessary to facilitate periodic review and to provide for compliance by local governments with those goals not described in ORS 197.628 (2) through the post-acknowledgment procedures of ORS 197.610 to 197.625. [1999 c.622 §11; 2005 c.829 §3; 2015 c.261 §3]

 

      197.633 Two phases of periodic review; rules; appeal of decision on work program; schedule for completion; extension of time on appeal. (1) The periodic review process is divided into two phases. Phase one is the evaluation of the existing comprehensive plan, land use regulations and citizen involvement program and, if necessary, the development of a work program to make needed changes to the comprehensive plan or land use regulations. Phase two is the completion of work tasks outlined in the work program.

      (2) The Land Conservation and Development Commission shall adopt rules for conducting periodic review that address:

      (a) Initiating periodic review;

      (b) Citizen participation;

      (c) The participation of state agencies;

      (d) The preparation, review and approval of a work program; and

      (e) The preparation, review and approval of work tasks, including:

      (A) The amendment of an urban growth boundary.

      (B) The designation of, or withdrawal of territory from, urban reserves or rural reserves.

      (3) The rules adopted by the commission under this section may include, but are not limited to, provisions concerning standing, requirements to raise issues before local government as a precondition to commission review and other provisions concerning the scope and standard for commission review to simplify or speed the review. The commission shall confine its review of evidence to the local record. The commission’s standard of review:

      (a) For evidentiary issues, is whether there is substantial evidence in the record as a whole to support the local government’s decision.

      (b) For procedural issues, is whether the local government failed to follow the procedures applicable to the matter before the local government in a manner that prejudiced the substantial rights of a party to the proceeding.

      (c) For issues concerning compliance with applicable laws, is whether the local government’s decision on the whole complies with applicable statutes, statewide land use planning goals, administrative rules, the comprehensive plan, the regional framework plan, the functional plan and land use regulations. The commission shall defer to a local government’s interpretation of the comprehensive plan or land use regulations in the manner provided in ORS 197.829. For purposes of this paragraph, “complies” has the meaning given the term “compliance” in the phrase “compliance with the goals” in ORS 197.627.

      (4) A decision by the Director of the Department of Land Conservation and Development to approve a work program, that no work program is necessary or that no further work is necessary is final and not subject to appeal.

      (5) The director:

      (a) Shall take action on a work task not later than 120 days after the local government submits the work task for review unless the local government waives the 120-day deadline or the commission grants the director an extension. If the director does not take action within the time period required by this subsection, the work task is deemed approved. The department shall provide a letter to the local government certifying that the work task is approved unless an interested party has filed a timely objection to the work task consistent with administrative rules for conducting periodic review.

      (b) May approve or remand a work task or refer the work task to the commission for a decision. A decision by the director to approve or remand a work task may be appealed to the commission.

      (6) Except as provided in this subsection, the commission shall take action on the appeal or referral of a work task within 90 days of the appeal or referral. Action by the commission in response to an appeal from a decision of the director or a referral is a final order subject to judicial review in the manner provided in ORS 197.650 and 197.651. The commission may extend the time for taking action on the appeal or referral if the commission finds that:

      (a) The appeal or referral is appropriate for mediation;

      (b) The appeal or referral raises new or complex issues of fact or law that make it unreasonable for the commission to give adequate consideration to the issues within the 90-day limit; or

      (c) The parties to the appeal and the commission agree to an extension, not to exceed an additional 90 days.

      (7) The commission and a local government shall attempt to complete periodic review within three years after approval of a work program. To promote the timely completion of periodic review, the commission shall establish a system of incentives to encourage local government compliance with timelines in periodic review work programs. [1991 c.612 §3; 1993 c.18 §38; 1999 c.622 §3; 2001 c.527 §1; 2005 c.829 §4; 2011 c.469 §2]

 

      197.635 [1981 c.748 §6; repealed by 1983 c.827 §59]

 

      197.636 Procedures and actions for failure to meet periodic review deadlines. (1) Upon good cause shown by a local government, the Director of the Department of Land Conservation and Development may allow the local government an extension of time for submitting a work program or completing a work task. A decision by the director to grant or deny an extension may be referred to the Land Conservation and Development Commission by the director. The Department of Land Conservation and Development or the commission shall not extend the deadline for submitting a work program more than once nor for more than 90 days, and shall not extend the deadline for a work task more than once nor for more than one year.

      (2) If a local government fails to submit a work program or to complete a work task by the deadline set by the director or the commission, including any extension that has been granted, the director shall schedule a hearing before the commission. The commission shall issue an order imposing one or more of the following sanctions until the work program or the work task receives final approval by the director or the commission:

      (a) Require the local government to apply those portions of the goals and rules to land use decisions as specified in the order. Sanctions may be imposed under this paragraph only when necessary to resolve a specific deficiency identified in the order.

      (b) Forfeiture of all or a portion of the grant money received to conduct the review, develop the work program or complete the work task.

      (c) Completion of the work program or work task by the department. The commission may require the local government to pay the cost for completion of work performed by the department, following the withholding process set forth in ORS 197.335 (4).

      (d) Application of such interim measures as the commission deems necessary to ensure compliance with the statewide planning goals.

      (3) If the department receives a work program or work task completed in response to a commission order issued under subsection (2) of this section, the director shall evaluate and issue a decision on the work program or work task within 90 days.

      (4) Commission action pursuant to subsection (1) or (2) of this section is a final order subject to judicial review in the manner provided in ORS 197.650. [1991 c.612 §4; 1999 c.622 §4; 2001 c.527 §2; 2005 c.829 §5]

 

      197.637 [1999 c.622 §12; 2001 c.908 §4; 2023 c.13 §87; renumbered 197A.205 in 2023]

 

      197.638 Department of Land Conservation and Development may request review by Oregon Business Development Department of local inventory and analysis of industrial and commercial land. (1) Upon request of the Department of Land Conservation and Development, the Oregon Business Development Department shall review the inventory and analysis of industrial and commercial land, and measures taken to address the land needs, required of certain local governments under ORS 197.712. The review shall address the likely effect of measures developed by a local government on the adequacy of the supply of sites and opportunities to satisfy needs identified under ORS 197.712.

      (2) The Land Conservation and Development Commission and the Director of the Department of Land Conservation and Development shall consider the review and any recommendations of the Oregon Business Development Department when determining whether a local government has complied with the statewide land use planning goals and the requirements of ORS 197.712. [1999 c.622 §13]

 

      197.639 State assistance teams; alternative coordination process; grant and technical assistance funding; priority of population forecasting program; advisory committee. (1) In addition to coordination between state agencies and local government established in certified state agency coordination programs, the Department of Land Conservation and Development may establish one or more state assistance teams made up of representatives of various agencies and local governments, utilize the Economic Revitalization Team established under ORS 284.555 or institute an alternative process for coordinating agency participation in the periodic review of comprehensive plans.

      (2) The Economic Revitalization Team may work with a city to create a voluntary comprehensive plan review that focuses on the unique vision of the city, instead of conducting a standard periodic review, if the team identifies a city that the team determines can benefit from a customized voluntary comprehensive plan review.

      (3) The department may develop model ordinance provisions to assist local governments in the periodic review plan update process and in complying with new statutory requirements or new land use planning goal or rule requirements adopted by the Land Conservation and Development Commission outside the periodic review process.

      (4) A local government may arrange with the department for the provision of periodic review planning services and those services may be paid with grant program funds allocated under subsection (5) of this section.

      (5) The commission shall establish an advisory committee composed, at a minimum, of representatives from the League of Oregon Cities, the Association of Oregon Counties, metropolitan service districts, the Special Districts Association of Oregon, land use planning public interest groups and developer interest groups. The advisory committee shall advise the commission and the department on the allocation of grants and technical assistance funding from General Fund sources and other issues assigned by the commission.

      (6) The population forecasting program operated by the Portland State University Population Research Center pursuant to ORS 195.033 is the highest priority for the allocation of grant funding under subsection (5) of this section. [1991 c.612 §5; 2003 c.793 §5; 2005 c.829 §6; 2013 c.574 §5]

 

      197.640 [1981 c.748 §9; 1983 c.827 §11; 1987 c.69 §1; 1987 c.729 §7; 1987 c.856 §8; repealed by 1991 c.612 §23]

 

      197.641 [1983 c.827 §11b; 1987 c.729 §8a; repealed by 1991 c.612 §23]

 

      197.643 [1983 c.827 §11c; 1987 c.729 §9; repealed by 1991 c.612 §23]

 

      197.644 Modification of work program; exclusive jurisdiction of Land Conservation and Development Commission. (1) The Director of the Department of Land Conservation and Development may authorize or direct a local government to modify an approved work program when:

      (a) Issues of regional or statewide significance arising out of another local government’s periodic review require an enhanced level of coordination;

      (b) Issues of goal compliance are raised as a result of completion of a work task resulting in a need to undertake further review or revisions;

      (c) Issues relating to the organization of the work program, coordination with affected agencies or persons, or orderly implementation of work tasks, result in a need for further review or revision; or

      (d) Issues relating to needed housing, employment, transportation or public facilities and services were omitted from the work program but must be addressed in order to ensure compliance with the statewide planning goals.

      (2) The Land Conservation and Development Commission shall have exclusive jurisdiction for review of the completed work tasks as set forth in ORS 197.628 to 197.651.

      (3) Commission action pursuant to subsection (2) of this section is a final order subject to judicial review in the manner provided in ORS 197.650 and 197.651. [1991 c.612 §6; 1997 c.634 §1; 1999 c.622 §5; 2011 c.469 §3]

 

      197.645 [1983 c.827 §11d; 1987 c.729 §10; repealed by 1991 c.612 §23]

 

      197.646 Implementation of new requirement in goal, rule or statute; rules. (1) A local government shall amend its acknowledged comprehensive plan or acknowledged regional framework plan and land use regulations implementing either plan by a self-initiated post-acknowledgment process under ORS 197.610 to 197.625 to comply with a new requirement in land use statutes, statewide land use planning goals or rules implementing the statutes or the goals.

      (2)(a) The Department of Land Conservation and Development shall notify local governments when a new requirement in land use statutes, statewide land use planning goals or rules implementing the statutes or the goals requires changes to an acknowledged comprehensive plan, an acknowledged regional framework plan or land use regulations implementing either plan.

      (b) The Land Conservation and Development Commission shall establish, by rule, the time period within which an acknowledged comprehensive plan, an acknowledged regional framework plan and land use regulations implementing either plan must be in compliance with:

      (A) A new requirement in a land use statute, if the legislation does not specify a time period for compliance; and

      (B) A new requirement in a land use planning goal or rule adopted by the commission.

      (3) When a local government does not adopt amendments to an acknowledged comprehensive plan, an acknowledged regional framework plan or land use regulations implementing either plan, as required by subsection (1) of this section, the new requirements apply directly to the local government’s land use decisions. The failure to adopt amendments to an acknowledged comprehensive plan, an acknowledged regional framework plan or land use regulations implementing either plan required by subsection (1) of this section is a basis for initiation of enforcement action pursuant to ORS 197.319 to 197.335. [1991 c.612 §7; 2005 c.829 §7; 2007 c.71 §67; 2011 c.469 §4]

 

      Note: 197.646, 197.649 and 197.650 were added to and made a part of ORS chapter 197 by legislative action but were not added to any smaller series therein. See Preface to Oregon Revised Statutes for further explanation.

 

      197.647 [1983 c.827 §11e; 1987 c.69 §2; 1987 c.729 §11; repealed by 1991 c.612 §23]

 

      197.649 Fees for notice; rules. The Land Conservation and Development Commission may establish by rule fees to cover the cost of notice given to persons by the Director of the Department of Land Conservation and Development under ORS 197.610 (4) and 197.615 (3). [1983 c.827 §11f; 1985 c.565 §28; 1991 c.612 §15; 2013 c.1 §20]

 

      Note: See note under 197.646.

 

      197.650 Appeal to Court of Appeals; standing. (1) A Land Conservation and Development Commission final order issued pursuant to ORS 197.180, 197.251, 197.626, 197.628 to 197.651, 197.652 to 197.658, 197.659, 215.780 or 215.788 to 215.794 may be appealed to the Court of Appeals by persons who participated in proceedings, if any, that led to issuance of the final order being appealed.

      (2) Jurisdiction for judicial review of a final order of the commission issued pursuant to ORS 197.180, 197.251, 197.626, 197.628 to 197.651, 197.652 to 197.658, 197.659, 215.780 or 215.788 to 215.794 is conferred upon the Court of Appeals. [1981 c.748 §10; 1983 c.827 §52; 1989 c.761 §8; 1991 c.612 §16; 1997 c.247 §1; 1999 c.622 §7; 2009 c.606 §5; 2009 c.873 §13a; 2011 c.469 §5]

Note: See note under 197.646.

 

      197.651 Appeal to Court of Appeals for judicial review of final order of Land Conservation and Development Commission. (1) Judicial review of a final order of the Land Conservation and Development Commission under ORS 197.626 concerning the designation of urban reserves under ORS 197A.245 (1)(b) or rural reserves under ORS 197A.235 is as provided in subsections (3) to (12) of this section.

      (2) Judicial review of any other final order of the commission under ORS 197.626 or of a final order of the commission under 197.180, 197.251, 197.628 to 197.651, 197.652 to 197.658, 197.659, 215.780 or 215.788 to 215.794 is as provided in subsections (3) to (7), (9), (10) and (12) of this section.

      (3) A proceeding for judicial review under this section may be instituted by filing a petition in the Court of Appeals. The petition must be filed within 21 days after the date the commission delivered or mailed the order upon which the petition is based.

      (4) The filing of the petition, as set forth in subsection (3) of this section, and service of a petition on the persons who submitted oral or written testimony in the proceeding before the commission are jurisdictional and may not be waived or extended.

      (5) The petition must state the nature of the order the petitioner seeks to have reviewed. Copies of the petition must be served by registered or certified mail upon the commission and the persons who submitted oral or written testimony in the proceeding before the commission.

      (6) Within 21 days after service of the petition, the commission shall transmit to the Court of Appeals the original or a certified copy of the entire record of the proceeding under review. However, by stipulation of the parties to the review proceeding, the record may be shortened. The Court of Appeals may tax a party that unreasonably refuses to stipulate to limit the record for the additional costs. The Court of Appeals may require or permit subsequent corrections or additions to the record. Except as specifically provided in this subsection, the Court of Appeals may not tax the cost of the record to the petitioner or an intervening party. However, the Court of Appeals may tax the costs to a party that files a frivolous petition for judicial review.

      (7) Petitions and briefs must be filed within time periods and in a manner established by the Court of Appeals by rule.

      (8) The Court of Appeals shall:

      (a) Hear oral argument within 49 days of the date of transmittal of the record unless the Court of Appeals determines that the ends of justice served by holding oral argument on a later day outweigh the best interests of the public and the parties. However, the Court of Appeals may not hold oral argument more than 49 days after the date of transmittal of the record because of general congestion of the court calendar or lack of diligent preparation or attention to the case by a member of the court or a party.

      (b) Set forth in writing and provide to the parties a determination to hear oral argument more than 49 days from the date the record is transmitted, together with the reasons for the determination. The Court of Appeals shall schedule oral argument as soon as is practicable.

      (c) Consider, in making a determination under paragraph (b) of this subsection:

      (A) Whether the case is so unusual or complex, due to the number of parties or the existence of novel questions of law, that 49 days is an unreasonable amount of time for the parties to brief the case and for the Court of Appeals to prepare for oral argument; and

      (B) Whether the failure to hold oral argument at a later date likely would result in a miscarriage of justice.

      (9) The court:

      (a) Shall limit judicial review of an order reviewed under this section to the record.

      (b) May not substitute its judgment for that of the Land Conservation and Development Commission as to an issue of fact.

      (10) The Court of Appeals may affirm, reverse or remand an order reviewed under this section. The Court of Appeals shall reverse or remand the order only if the court finds the order is:

      (a) Unlawful in substance or procedure. However, error in procedure is not cause for reversal or remand unless the Court of Appeals determines that substantial rights of the petitioner were prejudiced.

      (b) Unconstitutional.

      (c) Not supported by substantial evidence in the whole record as to facts found by the commission.

      (11) The Court of Appeals shall issue a final order on the petition for judicial review with the greatest possible expediency.

      (12) If the order of the commission is remanded by the Court of Appeals or the Supreme Court, the commission shall respond to the court’s appellate judgment within 30 days. [2007 c.723 §9; 2011 c.469 §6]

 

COLLABORATIVE REGIONAL PROBLEM SOLVING

 

      197.652 Regional problem-solving process. (1) At the request of a county and at least one other local government in a region, the Department of Land Conservation and Development, other state agencies, as defined in ORS 171.133, metropolitan planning organizations, special districts and advisory committees on transportation may participate with the local governments in a collaborative regional problem-solving process.

      (2) If requested to participate, the department shall assist the county with the process and encourage regional efforts to resolve land use planning problems using the authorities described in ORS 197.652 to 197.658.

      (3) The county, in cooperation with the other local governments, shall identify the land use planning problems to be addressed and the participants whose actions are necessary to resolve the land use planning problems.

      (4) The county shall submit a proposed work scope and a proposed list of participants as a proposal to the Land Conservation and Development Commission for review. The commission shall review:

      (a) The proposed work scope to determine whether it can reasonably be completed within the time allowed;

      (b) The proposed participant list to determine whether it includes, at a minimum, all local governments that will need to amend a comprehensive plan provision or a land use regulation, or adopt a new provision or regulation, in order to resolve the land use planning problems identified in the work scope; and

      (c) The proposed work scope and the proposed participant list for consistency.

      (5) A county may initiate amendments of a comprehensive plan or land use regulation under ORS 197.652 to 197.658 only if the commission approves the work scope, the list of participants and a schedule for completion of the process. The schedule for completion of the process may:

      (a) Not exceed three years except as provided in paragraph (b) of this subsection.

      (b) Be extended by the commission for up to one year for good cause shown.

      (6) The decision of a county to submit a proposal under this section, and the decision of the commission to approve a proposal, are not final actions subject to judicial review.

      (7) If the commission approves a proposal under this section, the county must periodically report on the progress in carrying out the proposal, as specified by the commission.

      (8) For purposes of ORS 197.654 and 197.656, the participants in a collaborative regional problem-solving process include all participants on the list of participants approved by the commission unless the commission subsequently approves the addition or removal of a participant. [1996 c.6 §3; 1997 c.365 §1; 2009 c.873 §8]

 

      197.654 Regional problem-solving goals, actions and agreements; implementation. (1) After the Land Conservation and Development Commission approves a proposal for regional problem-solving under ORS 197.652, the participants shall develop proposed actions to resolve the problems identified in the work scope. The participants must agree to:

      (a) Regional goals that describe how the region intends to resolve each regional problem described in the work scope;

      (b) Actions necessary to achieve the regional goals, including changes to comprehensive plans or land use regulations;

      (c) Measurable indicators of performance and a system for monitoring progress toward achievement of the regional goals;

      (d) Incentives and disincentives to encourage successful implementation of the actions to achieve the regional goals;

      (e) If the regional goals involve the management of an urban growth boundary, actions to coordinate the planning and provision of water, sewer and transportation facilities in the region; and

      (f) A process for correction of actions if monitoring indicates that the actions are not achieving the regional goals.

      (2) A decision by a participant to enter into a regional problem-solving agreement under ORS 197.652 to 197.658 is not a final land use decision. However, a regional problem-solving agreement is not final and binding until:

      (a) All local governments that are participants have adopted the provisions of the comprehensive plans or land use regulations contemplated in the agreement; and

      (b) The commission has approved the comprehensive plan provisions and land use regulations as provided under ORS 197.656.

      (3) Changes to provisions of comprehensive plans and land use regulations adopted to implement a regional problem-solving agreement take effect 60 days after the commission notifies all participants that the commission has approved all of the changes. [1996 c.6 §4; 2009 c.873 §9]

 

      197.656 Commission approval of comprehensive plans not in compliance with goals; written statement of disapproval; participation by state agencies; use of resource lands; rules. (1) After the adoption of changes to comprehensive plans and land use regulations to implement a regional problem-solving agreement under ORS 197.652 to 197.658, the local governments that are participants shall submit the changes to the Land Conservation and Development Commission for review in the manner set forth in this section.

      (2) Following the procedures set forth in this subsection, the commission may approve changes to comprehensive plans and land use regulations that do not fully comply with the statewide land use planning goals, without taking an exception under ORS 197.732, upon a determination that the changes:

      (a) Conform, on the whole, with the purposes of the goals, and any failure to meet individual goal requirements is technical or minor in nature;

      (b) Are needed to achieve the regional goals specified by the participants; and

      (c) In combination with other actions agreed upon by the participants, are reasonably likely to achieve the regional goals.

      (3) The commission:

      (a) Shall review changes to the comprehensive plans or land use regulations adopted by a local government to implement a regional problem-solving agreement under ORS 197.652 to 197.658 pursuant to the procedures set forth in this section and ORS 197.659.

      (b) Has exclusive jurisdiction for review of changes to comprehensive plans or land use regulations adopted by a local government to implement a regional problem-solving agreement under ORS 197.652 to 197.658.

      (4) A participant in the regional problem-solving process or a person who participated in the proceedings leading to the adoption of changes to the comprehensive plans or land use regulations may not raise an issue on review before the commission that was not raised in the local proceedings for adoption of the changes to the plans or regulations.

      (5) If the commission disapproves changes to the comprehensive plans or land use regulations adopted by a local government to implement a regional problem-solving agreement under ORS 197.652 to 197.658, the commission shall issue a written statement describing the reasons for the disapproval and suggesting alternative methods for accomplishing the goals on a timely basis.

      (6) If, in order to resolve regional land use problems, the participants in a collaborative regional problem-solving process decide to devote agricultural land or forestland, as defined in the statewide planning goals, to uses not authorized by those goals, the participants shall choose land that is not part of the region’s commercial agricultural or forestland base, or take an exception to those goals pursuant to ORS 197.732. To identify land that is not part of the region’s commercial agricultural or forestland base, the participants shall consider the recommendation of a committee of persons appointed by the affected county, with expertise in appropriate fields, including but not limited to farmers, ranchers, foresters and soils scientists and representatives of the State Department of Agriculture, the State Forestry Department and the Department of Land Conservation and Development.

      (7) The Governor may require all appropriate state agencies to participate in the collaborative regional problem-solving process.

      (8) The commission may adopt rules to establish additional procedural and substantive requirements for review of changes to comprehensive plans and land use regulations adopted by local governments to implement a regional problem-solving agreement under ORS 197.652 to 197.658. [1996 c.6 §5; 2001 c.672 §11; 2009 c.873 §10]

 

      197.658 Modifying local work plan. In addition to the provisions of ORS 197.644, the Land Conservation and Development Commission may modify an approved work program when a local government has agreed to participate in a collaborative regional problem-solving process pursuant to ORS 197.654 and 197.656. [1996 c.6 §6]

 

      197.659 Commission approval of certain changes in comprehensive plans or land use regulations. (1) The Land Conservation and Development Commission shall grant, deny or remand approval of proposed changes to a comprehensive plan or land use regulations adopted pursuant to ORS 197.652 to 197.658 or 215.788 to 215.794 within 120 days after the date that the local government submits the proposed changes.

      (2) The Department of Land Conservation and Development shall prepare a report stating whether the proposed changes comply with applicable statutes, goals and commission rules. The department shall provide a reasonable opportunity for persons to prepare and submit written comments or objections to the report; however a person may not:

      (a) Submit written comments or objections to the report unless the person participated orally or in writing in the local government proceedings leading to the adoption of the proposed changes.

      (b) Produce new evidence.

      (3) After reviewing the proposed changes, the report and any written comments and objections to the report, the commission shall prepare a proposed final order. The commission shall afford the local government and persons who submitted written comments or objections to the report a reasonable opportunity to file written exceptions to the proposed final order. If timely exceptions are not filed, the proposed order becomes final.

      (4) The commission’s review under this section is confined to the record of proceedings before the local government, the report of the department and any comments, objections and exceptions filed under subsection (2) or (3) of this section and the proposed final order of the commission, including any responses to exceptions. The commission may entertain oral argument from the department and from persons who filed exceptions, and may consider new issues raised by its review. The commission may not allow additional evidence, argument or testimony that could have been presented to the local government but was not presented.

      (5) A commission order granting, denying or remanding proposed changes must include a clear statement of findings that sets forth the basis for the approval, denial or remand, including:

      (a) Identifying the statutes, goals and rules applicable to the proposed changes; and

      (b) Supporting the determinations of compliance and noncompliance.

      (6) A commission order granting approval may be limited to an identified geographic area described in the order if:

      (a) The identified geographic area is the only area that is the subject of the proposed changes; or

      (b) Specific geographic areas do not comply with the applicable statutes, goals or rules, and the requirements are not technical or minor in nature.

      (7) The commission may issue a limited approval order if a previously issued approval order is reversed or remanded by an appellate court. The limited approval order may deny approval of that part of the comprehensive plan or land use regulations that the court found not in compliance with the applicable statutes, goals or rules and grant approval of other parts of the proposed changes.

      (8) A limited approval order is an approval for all purposes and is a final order for purposes of judicial review with respect to the approved geographic area. A limited order may be adopted in conjunction with a remand. [2009 c.873 §13]

 

SPECIAL RESIDENCES

 

      197.660 Definitions. As used in ORS 197.660 to 197.670, 215.213, 215.263, 215.283, 215.284 and 443.422:

      (1) “Residential facility” means a residential care, residential training or residential treatment facility, as those terms are defined in ORS 443.400, that provides residential care alone or in conjunction with treatment or training or a combination thereof for six to fifteen individuals who need not be related. Staff persons required to meet licensing requirements shall not be counted in the number of facility residents, and need not be related to each other or to any resident of the residential facility.

      (2) “Residential home” means a residential treatment or training home, as defined in ORS 443.400, a residential facility registered under ORS 443.480 to 443.500 or an adult foster home licensed under ORS 443.705 to 443.825 that provides residential care alone or in conjunction with treatment or training or a combination thereof for five or fewer individuals who need not be related. Staff persons required to meet licensing requirements shall not be counted in the number of facility residents, and need not be related to each other or to any resident of the residential home.

      (3) “Zoning requirement” means any standard, criteria, condition, review procedure, permit requirement or other requirement adopted by a city or county under the authority of ORS chapter 215 or 227 that applies to the approval or siting of a residential facility or residential home. A zoning requirement does not include a state or local health, safety, building, occupancy or fire code requirement. [1989 c.564 §2; 1991 c.801 §6; 2001 c.900 §47; 2005 c.22 §145; 2009 c.595 §174]

 

      197.663 Legislative findings. The Legislative Assembly finds and declares that:

      (1) It is the policy of this state that persons with disabilities and elderly persons are entitled to live as normally as possible within communities and should not be excluded from communities because their disability or age requires them to live in groups;

      (2) There is a growing need for residential homes and residential facilities to provide quality care and protection for persons with disabilities and elderly persons and to prevent inappropriate placement of such persons in state institutions and nursing homes;

      (3) It is often difficult to site and establish residential homes and residential facilities in the communities of this state;

      (4) To meet the growing need for residential homes and residential facilities, it is the policy of this state that residential homes and residential facilities shall be considered a residential use of property for zoning purposes; and

      (5) It is the policy of this state to integrate residential facilities into the communities of this state. The objective of integration cannot be accomplished if residential facilities are concentrated in any one area. [1989 c.564 §3; 2007 c.70 §54]

 

      197.665 Locations of residential homes. (1) Residential homes shall be a permitted use in:

      (a) Any residential zone, including a residential zone which allows a single-family dwelling; and

      (b) Any commercial zone which allows a single-family dwelling.

      (2) A city or county may not impose any zoning requirement on the establishment and maintenance of a residential home in a zone described in subsection (1) of this section that is more restrictive than a zoning requirement imposed on a single-family dwelling in the same zone.

      (3) A city or county may:

      (a) Allow a residential home in an existing dwelling in any area zoned for farm use, including an exclusive farm use zone established under ORS 215.203;

      (b) Impose zoning requirements on the establishment of a residential home in areas described in paragraph (a) of this subsection, provided that these requirements are no more restrictive than those imposed on other nonfarm single-family dwellings in the same zone; and

      (c) Allow a division of land for a residential home in an exclusive farm use zone only as described in ORS 215.263 (9). [1989 c.564 §4; 2001 c.704 §5]

 

      197.667 Location of residential facility; application and supporting documentation. (1) A residential facility shall be a permitted use in any zone where multifamily residential uses are a permitted use.

      (2) A residential facility shall be a conditional use in any zone where multifamily residential uses are a conditional use.

      (3) A city or county may allow a residential facility in a residential zone other than those zones described in subsections (1) and (2) of this section, including a zone where a single-family dwelling is allowed.

      (4) A city or county may require an applicant proposing to site a residential facility within its jurisdiction to supply the city or county with a copy of the entire application and supporting documentation for state licensing of the facility, except for information which is exempt from public disclosure under ORS 192.311 to 192.478. However, cities and counties shall not require independent proof of the same conditions that have been required by the Department of Human Services under ORS 418.205 to 418.327 for licensing of a residential facility. [1989 c.564 §5; 1991 c.801 §8; 2001 c.900 §48; 2003 c.86 §15]

 

      197.670 Zoning requirements and prohibitions for residential homes and residential facilities. (1) As of October 3, 1989, no city or county shall:

      (a) Deny an application for the siting of a residential home in a residential or commercial zone described in ORS 197.665 (1).

      (b) Deny an application for the siting of a residential facility in a zone where multifamily residential uses are allowed, unless the city or county has adopted a siting procedure which implements the requirements of ORS 197.667.

      (2) Every city and county shall amend its zoning ordinance to comply with ORS 197.660 to 197.667 as part of periodic land use plan review occurring after January 1, 1990. Nothing in this section prohibits a city or county from amending its zoning ordinance prior to periodic review. [1989 c.564 §6]

 

      197.675 [1989 c.964 §4; repealed by 2001 c.613 §1]

 

FARMWORKER HOUSING

 

      197.677 Policy. In that the agricultural workers in this state benefit the social and economic welfare of all of the people in Oregon by their unceasing efforts to bring a bountiful crop to market, the Legislative Assembly declares that it is the policy of this state to insure adequate agricultural labor accommodations commensurate with the housing needs of Oregon’s workers that meet decent health, safety and welfare standards. To accomplish this objective in the interest of all of the people in this state, it is necessary that:

      (1) Every state and local government agency that has powers, functions or duties with respect to housing, land use or enforcing health, safety or welfare standards, under this or any other law, shall exercise its powers, functions or duties consistently with the state policy declared by ORS 197.677 to 197.685, 197A.200, 197A.395, 197A.400, 197A.425, 215.213, 215.277, 215.283, 215.284 and 455.380 and in such manner as will facilitate sustained progress in attaining the objectives established;

      (2) Every state and local government agency that finds farmworker activities within the scope of its jurisdiction must make every effort to alleviate insanitary, unsafe and overcrowded accommodations;

      (3) Special efforts should be directed toward mitigating hazards to families and children; and

      (4) All accommodations must provide for the rights of free association to farmworkers in their places of accommodation. [1989 c.964 §2; 2001 c.613 §11]

 

      197.680 Legislative findings. The Legislative Assembly finds that:

      (1) This state has a large stock of existing farmworker housing that does not meet minimum health and safety standards and is in need of rehabilitation;

      (2) It is not feasible to rehabilitate much of the existing farmworker housing stock to meet building code standards;

      (3) In order to assure that minimum standards are met in all farmworker housing in this state, certain interim measures must be taken; and

      (4) Limited rehabilitation, outside city boundaries, must be allowed to a lesser standard than that set forth in the existing building codes. [1989 c.964 §3; 2001 c.613 §12]

 

      197.685 Location of farmworker housing; approval standards. (1) The availability of decent, safe and sanitary housing opportunities for farmworkers is a matter of statewide concern.

      (2) Farmworker housing within the rural area of a county shall be permitted in a zone or zones in rural centers and areas committed to nonresource uses.

      (3) Any approval standards, special conditions and procedures for approval adopted by a local government shall be clear and objective and shall not have the effect, either in themselves or cumulatively, of discouraging needed housing through unreasonable cost or delay. [1989 c.964 §5; 2001 c.613 §4]

 

      197.705 [1973 c.482 §1; repealed by 1977 c.665 §24]

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

 

      197.707 Legislative intent. It was the intent of the Legislative Assembly in enacting ORS chapters 195, 196, 197, 197A, 215 and 227 not to prohibit, deter, delay or increase the cost of appropriate development, but to enhance economic development and opportunity for the benefit of all citizens. [1983 c.827 §16]

      197.710 [1973 c.482 §3; repealed by 1977 c.665 §24]

 

      197.712 Commission duties; comprehensive plan provisions; public facility plans; state agency coordination plans; compliance deadline; rules. (1) In addition to the findings and policies set forth in ORS 197.005, 197.010 and 215.243, the Legislative Assembly finds and declares that, in carrying out statewide comprehensive land use planning, the provision of adequate opportunities for a variety of economic activities throughout the state is vital to the health, welfare and prosperity of all the people of the state.

      (2) By the adoption of new goals or rules, or the application, interpretation or amendment of existing goals or rules, the Land Conservation and Development Commission shall implement all of the following:

      (a) Comprehensive plans shall include an analysis of the community’s economic patterns, potentialities, strengths and deficiencies as they relate to state and national trends.

      (b) Comprehensive plans shall contain policies concerning the economic development opportunities in the community.

      (c) Comprehensive plans and land use regulations shall provide for at least an adequate supply of sites of suitable sizes, types, locations and service levels for industrial and commercial uses consistent with plan policies.

      (d) Comprehensive plans and land use regulations shall provide for compatible uses on or near sites zoned for specific industrial and commercial uses.

      (e) A city or county shall develop and adopt a public facility plan for areas within an urban growth boundary containing a population greater than 2,500 persons. The public facility plan shall include rough cost estimates for public projects needed to provide sewer, water and transportation for the land uses contemplated in the comprehensive plan and land use regulations. Project timing and financing provisions of public facility plans shall not be considered land use decisions.

      (f) In accordance with ORS 197.180, state agencies that provide funding for transportation, water supply, sewage and solid waste facilities shall identify in their coordination programs how they will coordinate that funding with other state agencies and with the public facility plans of cities and counties. In addition, state agencies that issue permits affecting land use shall identify in their coordination programs how they will coordinate permit issuance with other state agencies and cities and counties.

      (g) Local governments shall provide:

      (A) Reasonable opportunities to satisfy local and rural needs for residential and industrial development and other economic activities on appropriate lands outside urban growth boundaries, in a manner consistent with conservation of the state’s agricultural and forest land base; and

      (B) Reasonable opportunities for urban residential, commercial and industrial needs over time through changes to urban growth boundaries.

      (3) A comprehensive plan and land use regulations shall be in compliance with this section by the first periodic review of that plan and regulations. [1983 c.827 §17; 1991 c.612 §17]

 

      197.713 Industrial development on industrial lands outside urban growth boundaries; exceptions. (1) Notwithstanding statewide land use planning goals relating to urbanization or to public facilities and services, a county or its designee may authorize:

      (a) Industrial development, including accessory uses subordinate to the industrial development, in buildings of any size and type, subject to the permit approval process described in ORS 215.402 to 215.438 and to applicable building codes, in an area planned and zoned for industrial use on January 1, 2004, subject to the territorial limits described in subsections (2) and (3) of this section.

      (b) On-site sewer facilities to serve the industrial development authorized under this section, including accessory uses subordinate to the industrial development.

      (2) Subject to subsection (3) of this section, a county or its designee may consider the following land for industrial development under this section:

      (a) Land more than three miles outside the urban growth boundary of every city with a population of 20,000 individuals or more; and

      (b) Land outside the urban growth boundary of every city with a population of fewer than 20,000 individuals.

      (3) A county or its designee may not authorize industrial development under this section on land within the Willamette Valley as defined in ORS 215.010.

      (4) A county or its designee may not authorize under this section retail, commercial or residential development in the area zoned for industrial use. [2003 c.688 §1; 2005 c.666 §1]

 

      Note: 197.713 and 197.714 were enacted into law by the Legislative Assembly but were not added to or made a part of ORS chapter 197 or any series therein by legislative action. See Preface to Oregon Revised Statutes for further explanation.

 

      197.714 Cooperation of county and city concerning industrial development. (1) Notwithstanding the authority granted in ORS 197.713 and 197.716 to allow industrial or other employment use development, when a county or its designee considers action under ORS 197.713 or 197.716 for land within 10 miles of the urban growth boundary of a city, the county or its designee shall give notice to the city at least 21 days prior to taking action.

      (2) If the city objects to the authorization of industrial or other employment use development under ORS 197.713 or 197.716, the city and county shall negotiate to establish conditions on the industrial or other employment use designation, development or changes in the development necessary to mitigate concerns raised by the city’s objection. [2003 c.688 §2; 2019 c.170 §3]

 

      Note: See note under 197.713.

 

      197.715 [1973 c.482 §2; repealed by 1977 c.665 §24]

 

      197.716 Industrial and employment uses in listed counties; economic opportunity analysis. (1) As used in this section:

      (a) “Economic opportunity analysis” means an analysis performed by a county that:

      (A) Identifies the major categories of industrial uses or other employment uses that could reasonably be expected to expand or locate in the county based on a review of trends on a national, state, regional or county level;

      (B) Identifies the number of sites by type reasonably expected to be needed to accommodate the expected employment growth based on the site characteristics typical of expected uses;

      (C) Estimates the types and amounts of industrial uses and other employment uses likely to occur in the county based on subparagraphs (A) and (B) of this paragraph and considering the county’s economic advantages and disadvantages, including:

      (i) Location, size and buying power of markets;

      (ii) Availability of transportation facilities for access and freight mobility;

      (iii) Public facilities and public services;

      (iv) Labor market factors;

      (v) Access to suppliers and utilities;

      (vi) Necessary support services;

      (vii) Limits on development due to federal and state environmental protection laws; and

      (viii) Educational and technical training programs;

      (D) Assesses community economic development potential through a public process in conjunction with state agencies and consistent with any categories or particular types of industrial uses and other employment uses desired by the community as identified in an existing comprehensive plan;

      (E) Examines existing firms in the county to identify the types of sites that may require expansion;

      (F) Includes an inventory of vacant and developed lands within the county designated for industrial use or other employment use, including:

      (i) The description, including site characteristics, of vacant or developed sites within each plan or zoning district; and

      (ii) A description of any development constraints or infrastructure needs that affect the buildable area of sites in the inventory; and

      (G) Identifies additional potential sites for designation and rezoning that could reasonably accommodate expected industrial uses and other employment uses that cannot be met by existing inventories.

      (b) “Industrial use” means industrial employment activities, including manufacturing, assembly, fabrication, processing, storage, logistics, warehousing, importation, distribution and transshipment and research and development.

      (c) “Listed county” means Baker, Gilliam, Grant, Harney, Lake, Malheur, Sherman, Union, Wallowa or Wheeler County.

      (d) “Other employment use” means all nonindustrial employment activities, including small scale commercial use, wholesale, service, nonprofit, business headquarters, administrative, governmental or employment activities that serve the medical, educational, social service, recreational or security industries and that occupy retail, office or flexible building types of any size or multibuilding campuses.

      (e) “Reasonably be expected to expand or locate in the county” means that the county possesses the appropriate locational factors for the use or category of use.

      (f)(A) “Small scale commercial use” means the low-impact use of land primarily for the retail sale of products or services, including offices.

      (B) “Small scale commercial use” does not include use of land for factories, warehouses, freight terminals or wholesale distribution centers.

      (2) A listed county that has adopted an economic opportunity analysis as part of its comprehensive plan may amend its comprehensive plan, land use regulations and zoning map to designate not more than 10 sites outside an urban growth boundary that cumulatively total not more than 50 acres of land if the sites were identified in any economic opportunity analysis as additional potential sites for industrial uses or other employment uses in order to allow for industrial uses and other employment uses without requiring an exception under ORS 197.732 to any statewide land use planning goals related to:

      (a) Agriculture;

      (b) Forest use; or

      (c) Urbanization.

      (3) A county may not designate a site under subsection (2) of this section:

      (a) On any lands designated as high-value farmland as defined in ORS 195.300;

      (b) Unless the county complies with ORS 197.714; and

      (c) If any portion of the proposed site is for lands designated for forest use, unless the county:

      (A) Notifies the State Forester in writing not less than 21 days before designating the site; and

      (B) Cooperates with the State Forester in:

      (i) Updating and classifying wildland-urban interface lands in and around the site;

      (ii) Taking necessary steps to implement or update the wildland-urban interface fire protection system in and around the site as described in ORS 477.027; and

      (iii) Implementing other fire protection measures authorized by the State Forester.

      (4) A county may not amend its comprehensive plan, land use regulations or zoning map under this section to allow a use that would conflict with an administrative rule adopted for the purpose of implementing the Oregon Sage-Grouse Action Plan and Executive Order 15-18. [2019 c.170 §2; 2021 c.592 §41]

 

      197.717 Technical assistance by state agencies; information from Oregon Business Development Department; model ordinances; rural economic development. (1) State agencies shall provide technical assistance to local governments in:

      (a) Planning and zoning land adequate in amount, size, topography, transportation access and surrounding land use and public facilities for the special needs of various industrial and commercial uses;

      (b) Developing public facility plans; and

      (c) Streamlining local permit procedures.

      (2) The Oregon Business Development Department shall provide a local government with “state and national trend” information to assist in compliance with ORS 197.712 (2)(a).

      (3) The Land Conservation and Development Commission shall develop model ordinances to assist local governments in streamlining local permit procedures.

      (4) The Department of Land Conservation and Development and the Oregon Business Development Department shall establish a joint program to assist rural communities with economic and community development services. The assistance shall include, but not be limited to, grants, loans, model ordinances and technical assistance. The purposes of the assistance are to remove obstacles to economic and community development and to facilitate that development. The departments shall give priority to communities with high rates of unemployment. [1983 c.827 §18; 1995 s.s. c.3 §36h; 1996 c.6 §10]

 

      197.719 Industrial use of abandoned or diminished mill sites; amendment of comprehensive plans and land use regulations; sewer facilities. (1) As used in this section, “abandoned or diminished mill site” means a mill, plant or other facility engaged in the processing or manufacturing of wood products, including sawmills and facilities for the production of plywood, veneer, hardboard, panel products, pulp and paper, that:

      (a) Is located outside of urban growth boundaries;

      (b) Was closed after January 1, 1980, or has been operating at less than 25 percent of capacity since January 1, 2003; and

      (c) Contains or contained permanent buildings used in the production or manufacturing of wood products.

      (2) Notwithstanding statewide land use planning goals protecting agricultural lands or forestlands or administrative rules implementing those goals, the governing body of a county may amend the county’s comprehensive plan and land use regulations to allow an abandoned or diminished mill site to be zoned for industrial use.

      (3) Notwithstanding a statewide land use planning goal relating to urbanization or administrative rules implementing that goal, the governing body of a county may amend the county’s comprehensive plan and land use regulations to allow an abandoned or diminished mill site to be zoned for any level of industrial use.

      (4) Notwithstanding a statewide land use planning goal relating to public facilities and services or administrative rules implementing that goal, the governing body of a county or its designee may approve:

      (a) The extension of sewer facilities to lands that on June 10, 2003, are zoned for industrial use and that contain an abandoned or diminished mill site. The sewer facilities may serve only industrial uses authorized for the mill site and contiguous lands zoned for industrial use.

      (b) The extension of sewer facilities to an abandoned or diminished mill site that is rezoned for industrial use under this section only as necessary to serve industrial uses authorized for the mill site.

      (c) The establishment of on-site sewer facilities to serve an area that on June 10, 2003, is zoned for industrial use and that contains an abandoned or diminished mill site or to serve an abandoned or diminished mill site that is rezoned for industrial use under this section. The sewer facilities may serve only industrial uses authorized for the mill site and contiguous lands zoned for industrial use.

      (5)(a) A local government, as defined in ORS 174.116, may not authorize a connection to any portion of a sewer facility located between an urban growth boundary or the boundary of an unincorporated community and the boundary of the mill site or the industrial zone containing the mill site, except as provided under a statewide land use planning goal relating to public facilities and services or under ORS 197.732.

      (b) Sewer facilities approved under subsection (4) of this section shall be limited in size to meet the needs of authorized industrial uses and may not provide service to retail, commercial or residential development, except as provided under a statewide land use planning goal relating to public facilities and services or under ORS 197.732. The presence of the sewer facilities may not be used to justify an exception to statewide land use planning goals protecting agricultural lands or forestlands or relating to urbanization.

      (6)(a) The governing body of a county or its designee shall determine the boundary of an abandoned or diminished mill site. For an abandoned or diminished mill site that is rezoned for industrial use under this section, land within the boundary of the mill site may include only those areas that were improved for the processing or manufacturing of wood products.

      (b) For an abandoned or diminished mill site subject to subsection (2), (3) or (4) of this section, the governing body of a city or county or its designee may approve a permit, as defined in ORS 215.402 or 227.160, only for industrial development and accessory uses subordinate to such development on the mill site. The governing body or its designee may not approve a permit for retail, commercial or residential development on the mill site.

      (7) For land that on June 10, 2003, is zoned under statewide land use planning goals protecting agricultural lands or forestlands and that is rezoned for industrial use under subsections (2) and (3) of this section, the governing body of the county or its designee may not later rezone the land for retail, commercial or other nonresource use, except as provided under the statewide land use planning goals or under ORS 197.732. [2003 c.252 §2; 2003 c.688 §3]

 

      197.722 Definitions for ORS 197.722 to 197.728. As used in ORS 197.722 to 197.728:

      (1) “Industrial use” means employment activities, including, but not limited to, manufacturing, assembly, fabrication, processing, storage, logistics, warehousing, importation, distribution and transshipment and research and development, that generate income from the production, handling or distribution of goods or services, including goods or services in the traded sector, as defined in ORS 285A.010.

      (2) “Regionally significant industrial area” means an area planned and zoned for industrial use that:

      (a) Contains vacant sites, including brownfields, that are suitable for the location of new industrial uses or the expansion of existing industrial uses and that collectively can provide significant additional employment in the region;

      (b) Has site characteristics that give the area significant competitive advantages that are difficult or impossible to replicate in the region;

      (c) Has superior access to transportation and freight infrastructure, including, but not limited to, rail, port, airport, multimodal freight or transshipment facilities, and other major transportation facilities or routes; and

      (d) Is located in close proximity to major labor markets. [2011 c.564 §6]

 

      Note: 197.722 to 197.728 were enacted into law by the Legislative Assembly but were not added to or made a part of ORS chapter 197 or any series therein by legislative action. See Preface to Oregon Revised Statutes for further explanation.

 

      197.723 Designation of regionally significant industrial areas; rules. (1) Within three years after June 28, 2011, in cooperation with local governments and private industry, the Economic Recovery Review Council, by rule, shall designate at least five and not more than 15 regionally significant industrial areas. The council shall base the designation of regionally significant industrial areas on the criteria in the definition of “regionally significant industrial area” and the judgment of the council concerning the relative importance of the areas in terms of potential, long-term job creation.

      (2) A local government may nominate a regionally significant industrial area for designation by the council.

      (3) An area containing multiple sites certified by the Oregon Business Development Department as ready for development within six months or less is eligible for designation by the council if the area is a regionally significant industrial area.

      (4) In addition to demonstrating compliance with other provisions of law, including, but not limited to, a statewide land use planning goal concerning economic development and rules implementing the goal, the future employment potential of a regionally significant industrial area shall be protected from conflicting development in the following ways:

      (a) A local government may not adopt a provision of a comprehensive plan or land use regulation that prevents industrial uses within the area.

      (b) A local government may not adopt a provision of a comprehensive plan or land use regulation that allows new nonindustrial uses within the area that conflict with existing or planned industrial uses.

      (c) A local government may not decrease the land area planned or zoned for industrial uses within the regionally significant industrial area.

      (d) A local government may adopt a provision of a comprehensive plan or land use regulation, including development standards or overlay zones, that restricts the type or extent of current or future industrial uses within the area, but only if the local government mitigates at the same time the effect of the new provision by:

      (A) Clearly maintaining or increasing the industrial employment potential of the area; and

      (B) Clearly maintaining the important site characteristics and functions that led to the designation of the site as a regionally significant industrial area.

      (5) Subsection (4) of this section does not apply to a provision of a comprehensive plan or land use regulation that is necessary:

      (a) To protect public health or safety; or

      (b) To implement federal law.

      (6) If 50 percent of the developable land within a regionally significant industrial area has not been developed within 10 years after designation of the area, the council shall remove the designation, unless landowners representing a majority of the land within the area request that the designation be continued.

      (7) Within a regionally significant industrial area, a new industrial use or the expansion of an existing industrial use is eligible for an expedited industrial land use permit issued under ORS 197.724 if the new or expanded use does not require a change to the acknowledged comprehensive plan or land use regulations.

      (8) In addition to other criteria for distribution of available funds, the Oregon Infrastructure Finance Authority and the Oregon Transportation Commission may consider the designation of an area as a regionally significant industrial area in prioritizing funding for transportation and other public infrastructure.

      (9) ORS 197.722 to 197.728 do not apply to land in the Willamette River Greenway Plan boundary between river mile 1 and river mile 11. [2011 c.564 §7]

 

      Note: See note under 197.722.

 

      197.724 Review of application for land use permit within regionally significant industrial area. (1) An applicant for a new industrial use or the expansion of an existing industrial use located within a regionally significant industrial area may request that an application for a land use permit be reviewed as an application for an expedited industrial land use permit under this section if the proposed use does not require:

      (a) An exception taken under ORS 197.732 to a statewide land use planning goal;

      (b) A change to the acknowledged comprehensive plan or land use regulations of the local government within whose land use jurisdiction the new or expanded industrial use would occur; or

      (c) A federal environmental impact statement under the National Environmental Policy Act.

      (2) If the applicant makes a request that complies with subsection (1) of this section, the local government shall review the applications for land use permits for the proposed industrial use by applying the standards and criteria that otherwise apply to the review and by using the procedures set forth for review of an expedited land division in ORS 197.365 and 197.370. [2011 c.564 §8]

 

      Note: See note under 197.722.

 

      197.725 [1973 c.482 §4; repealed by 1977 c.665 §24]

 

      197.726 Jurisdiction on appeal; standing. (1) The Land Use Board of Appeals does not have jurisdiction to consider decisions, aspects of decisions or actions taken under ORS 197.722 to 197.728.

      (2) An appeal of a decision on an application for an expedited industrial land use permit made under ORS 197.724 may be made in the manner set forth in ORS 197.375 for appeal of a decision on an expedited land division. Notwithstanding ORS 197.375:

      (a) The applicant and a person who filed written comments in the time period established under ORS 197.365 may file an appeal;

      (b) If an appeal is filed, the referee shall hold a hearing on the appeal; and

      (c) The referee shall issue a written decision within 56 days after the appeal was filed.

      (3) A party to a proceeding before a referee under this section may seek judicial review of the referee’s decision in the manner provided for review of final orders of the Land Use Board of Appeals under ORS 197.850 and 197.855. The Court of Appeals shall review decisions of the referee in the manner provided for review of final orders of the Land Use Board of Appeals in ORS 197.850 and 197.855. However, notwithstanding ORS 197.850 (9) or any other provision of law, the court shall reverse or remand the decision only if the court finds that:

      (a) The local government’s decision clearly does not concern an application for an expedited industrial land use permit as described in ORS 197.724 and the appellant raised this issue in proceedings before the referee;

      (b) The referee’s decision contains a clear, material error of fact based on the record, and the appellant raised the issue in proceedings before the referee;

      (c) The referee’s decision contains a clear, material error of law, giving deference to any interpretations of law by the referee, and the appellant raised the issue in proceedings before the referee; or

      (d) The decision of the local government or the referee is unconstitutional. [2011 c.564 §9]

 

      Note: See note under 197.722.

 

      197.727 Fee for review. Each city and county with land use jurisdiction within a regionally significant industrial area designated by the Economic Recovery Review Council may establish a fee for review of an application for an expedited industrial land use permit. The fee must be set at a level estimated to recover the full cost of processing an application, including the cost of appeals to a referee under ORS 197.726, based on the estimated cost of the use proposed in the application. [2011 c.564 §10]

 

      Note: See note under 197.722.

 

      197.728 Rules. The Land Conservation and Development Commission shall administer regionally significant industrial areas and may adopt rules as necessary to implement ORS 197.722 to 197.728. [2011 c.564 §11]

 

      Note: See note under 197.722.

 

      197.730 [1973 c.482 §6; repealed by 1977 c.665 §24]

 

GOAL EXCEPTIONS

 

      197.732 Goal exceptions; criteria; rules; review. (1) As used in this section:

      (a) “Compatible” is not intended as an absolute term meaning no interference or adverse impacts of any type with adjacent uses.

      (b) “Exception” means a comprehensive plan provision, including an amendment to an acknowledged comprehensive plan, that:

      (A) Is applicable to specific properties or situations and does not establish a planning or zoning policy of general applicability;

      (B) Does not comply with some or all goal requirements applicable to the subject properties or situations; and

      (C) Complies with standards under subsection (2) of this section.

      (2) A local government may adopt an exception to a goal if:

      (a) The land subject to the exception is physically developed to the extent that it is no longer available for uses allowed by the applicable goal;

      (b) The land subject to the exception is irrevocably committed as described by Land Conservation and Development Commission rule to uses not allowed by the applicable goal because existing adjacent uses and other relevant factors make uses allowed by the applicable goal impracticable; or

      (c) The following standards are met:

      (A) Reasons justify why the state policy embodied in the applicable goals should not apply;

      (B) Areas that do not require a new exception cannot reasonably accommodate the use;

      (C) The long term environmental, economic, social and energy consequences resulting from the use at the proposed site with measures designed to reduce adverse impacts are not significantly more adverse than would typically result from the same proposal being located in areas requiring a goal exception other than the proposed site; and

      (D) The proposed uses are compatible with other adjacent uses or will be so rendered through measures designed to reduce adverse impacts.

      (3) The commission shall adopt rules establishing:

      (a) That an exception may be adopted to allow a use authorized by a statewide planning goal that cannot comply with the approval standards for that type of use;

      (b) Under what circumstances particular reasons may or may not be used to justify an exception under subsection (2)(c)(A) of this section; and

      (c) Which uses allowed by the applicable goal must be found impracticable under subsection (2) of this section.

      (4) A local government approving or denying a proposed exception shall set forth findings of fact and a statement of reasons that demonstrate that the standards of subsection (2) of this section have or have not been met.

      (5) Each notice of a public hearing on a proposed exception shall specifically note that a goal exception is proposed and shall summarize the issues in an understandable manner.

      (6) Upon review of a decision approving or denying an exception:

      (a) The Land Use Board of Appeals or the commission shall be bound by any finding of fact for which there is substantial evidence in the record of the local government proceedings resulting in approval or denial of the exception;

      (b) The board upon petition, or the commission, shall determine whether the local government’s findings and reasons demonstrate that the standards of subsection (2) of this section have or have not been met; and

      (c) The board or commission shall adopt a clear statement of reasons that sets forth the basis for the determination that the standards of subsection (2) of this section have or have not been met.

      (7) The commission shall by rule establish the standards required to justify an exception to the definition of “needed housing” authorized by ORS 197A.348.

      (8) An exception acknowledged under ORS 197.251, 197.625 or 197.630 (1) (1981 Replacement Part) on or before August 9, 1983, continues to be valid and is not subject to this section. [1983 c.827 §19a; 1995 c.521 §3; 2005 c.67 §1; 2007 c.71 §68; 2011 c.354 §6]

 

(Temporary provisions relating to goals exception for rural solar power facilities)

 

      Note: Sections 35 to 37a, chapter 442, Oregon Laws 2023, provide:

      Sec. 35. (1) On or before November 3, 2023, the Land Conservation and Development Commission shall adopt rules to allow a local government to consider a photovoltaic solar power generation facility a rural industrial use for purposes of justifying a reason for an exception under ORS 197.732 (2)(c)(A).

      (2) On or before July 1, 2025, the commission shall adopt rules:

      (a) Establishing criteria through which local governments may be permitted or required to allow the siting of a photovoltaic solar power generation facility, including criteria that consider:

      (A) Potential conflicts with other resource lands; and

      (B) Soliciting public feedback from neighboring landowners or residents; and

      (b) Identifying the characteristics of lands in Eastern Oregon, as defined in ORS 321.700, best suited for counties to allow, encourage and incentivize photovoltaic solar power generation facilities, based on consideration of:

      (A) The land’s suitability for contributing to the state’s clean energy goals;

      (B) Site characteristics, resource potential, proximity to current and future transmission access and locations for potential interconnection; and

      (C) The ability to readily avoid negative impacts on natural resources, forestry, habitat, agriculture, community needs and historic, cultural or archeological resources, or to readily minimize or mitigate those negative impacts. [2023 c.442 §35]

      Sec. 36. The Department of Land Conservation and Development may enter into intergovernmental agreements under ORS chapter 190 with other state agencies, tribal governments and counties, for the purposes of:

      (1) Supporting the Land Conservation and Development Commission in adopting rules under section 35 of this 2023 Act;

      (2) Furnishing information or technical assistance;

      (3) Providing feedback on the membership and work of the Rules Advisory Committee for Siting Photovoltaic Solar Power Generation Facilities established under section 37 of this 2023 Act;

      (4) Identifying opportunities to streamline permitting and review processes across and between state agencies; and

      (5) With regard to tribal governments, consulting on how best to protect historic, cultural or archeological resources without revealing sensitive information. [2023 c.442 §36]

      Sec. 37. (1) The Rules Advisory Committee for Siting Photovoltaic Solar Power Generation Facilities is established to serve as an advisory committee, as described in ORS 183.333, to the Land Conservation and Development Commission in adopting administrative rules under section 35 (2) of this 2023 Act.

      (2) The Department of Land Conservation and Development shall appoint the members of the rules advisory committee. In appointing members, the department shall solicit and consider recommendations for membership from:

      (a) Public bodies;

      (b) Tribal governments;

      (c) Federal and state agencies;

      (d) Energy, community and conservation advocates; and

      (e) Individuals who have expertise in the energy or natural resources industries, including renewable energy developers, utilities and agricultural producer associations.

      (3) The membership of the rules advisory committee shall consist of at least 17 members, including:

      (a) At least two members representing a tribal government or county;

      (b) At least one member who represents public bodies;

      (c) At least one member who represents small-scale renewable energy developers;

      (d) At least one member who represents large-scale renewable energy developers;

      (e) At least one member who has expertise in community renewable energy development;

      (f) At least one member who has expertise in renewable energy siting, policy or planning;

      (g) At least one member who has expertise in transmission siting;

      (h) At least one member who represents electric utilities, as defined in ORS 757.600;

      (i) At least one member who represents the labor interests of the clean energy or renewable energy workforce;

      (j) At least one member who represents environmental justice communities, as defined in ORS 469A.400;

      (k) At least one member who represents owners of irrigated or dryland farmland or rangeland;

      (L) At least one member who has expertise in habitat conservation, preservation and restoration;

      (m) At least one member who has expertise in land and water use;

      (n) At least one member who has expertise in rural economic development;

      (o) At least one member who has expertise in industrial forestland management; and

      (p) At least one member who has expertise in small woodland management.

      (4) In addition to its duties under subsection (1) of this section, the rules advisory committee shall prepare a report that includes:

      (a) A summary of the rules adopted under section 35 of this 2023 Act;

      (b) Review of renewable energy siting assessment tools used by the State Department of Energy and recommendations regarding missing or outdated data sets;

      (c) Review of existing practices relating to mitigation of impacts of photovoltaic solar power generation facilities and transmission development and recommendations for:

      (A) Mitigating impacts on farming practices on agricultural lands through best practices and land use regulations;

      (B) Mitigating impacts on fish and wildlife habitat in accordance with the policies described under ORS 496.012 and 506.109;

      (C) Supporting certainty for developers regarding mitigation requirements within the siting process; and

      (D) Identifying characteristics and considerations of regional and local habitats that may require specific mitigation practices; and

      (d) Recommendations for technical assistance resources to support county siting processes and the engagement of public bodies, tribal governments and communities in the siting process for renewable energy and transmission development.

      (5)(a) On or before September 15, 2025, the Department of Land Conservation and Development shall provide an interim copy of the report under subsection (4) of this section to an appropriate interim committee of the Legislative Assembly in the manner provided in ORS 192.245.

      (b) On or before December 31, 2025, the department shall provide a copy of the final report under subsection (4) of this section to, and seek feedback from:

      (A) Regional energy planning entities;

      (B) The Energy Facility Siting Council;

      (C) The Environmental Justice Council;

      (D) The Land Conservation and Development Commission;

      (E) The State Department of Fish and Wildlife;

      (F) The State Department of Agriculture; and

      (G) Relevant federal agencies, including the United States Department of Defense, the Bureau of Land Management, the United States Forest Service and the Bonneville Power Administration.

      (6) A majority of the members of the rules advisory committee constitutes a quorum for the transaction of business.

      (7) Official action by the rules advisory committee requires the approval of a majority of the members of the rules advisory committee.

      (8) The rules advisory committee may adopt rules necessary for the operation of the rules advisory committee and form subcommittees.

      (9) In addition to other scheduled meetings, the rules advisory committee shall also meet at least four times a year in different parts of this state where there is considered, planned or ongoing renewable energy and transmission development.

      (10) In performing their duties under this section, the Department of Land Conservation and Development and the rules advisory committee shall coordinate with and support any efforts to establish a statewide energy strategy.

      (11) The department shall contract with a third party or parties to provide support to the rules advisory committee, including support related to:

      (a) Facilitating and coordinating meetings; and

      (b) Furnishing data, maps and technical assistance.

      (12) A member of the rules advisory committee is entitled to compensation and expenses as provided in ORS 292.495. [2023 c.442 §37]

      Sec. 37a. Sections 36 and 37 of this 2023 Act are repealed on January 2, 2026. [2023 c.442 §37a]

 

      197.734 Exceptions to certain statewide planning goal criteria; rules. (1) The Land Conservation and Development Commission shall adopt or amend rules regarding the statewide planning goal criteria described in ORS 197.732 (2)(a) and (b). The rules adopted or amended pursuant to this subsection must allow a local government to rezone land in an area physically developed or committed to residential use, as described in ORS 197.732, without requiring the local government to take a new exception to statewide planning goals related to agricultural and forest lands. The rules must allow for a rezoning that authorizes the change, continuation or expansion of an industrial use that has been in operation for the five years immediately preceding the formal land use planning action that was initiated for the change, continuation or expansion of use.

      (2) The rules adopted pursuant to subsection (1) of this section must provide that:

      (a) The rezoned use will maintain the land:

      (A) As rural land as described by commission rule; and

      (B) In a manner consistent with other statewide planning goal requirements;

      (b) The rural uses, density and public facilities and services permitted by the rezoning will not commit adjacent or other nearby resource land to uses that are not permitted by statewide planning goals related to agricultural and forest lands;

      (c) The rural uses, density and public facilities and services permitted by the rezoning are compatible with the uses of adjacent and other nearby resource land uses; and

      (d) The land to be rezoned is not in an area designated as a rural or urban reserve under ORS 197A.235. [2015 c.477 §1]

 

      Note: 197.734 was enacted into law by the Legislative Assembly but was not added to or made a part of ORS chapter 197 or any series therein by legislative action. See Preface to Oregon Revised Statutes for further explanation.

 

      197.735 [1973 c.482 §7; repealed by 1977 c.665 §24]

 

      197.736 Commission implementation of ORS 197.340 and 197.732; rules. The Land Conservation and Development Commission shall amend goals, in accordance with ORS 197.240 and 197.245, and amend and adopt rules and guidelines, as necessary, to implement the provisions of this section and ORS 197.340 and 197.732. [1995 c.521 §4]

 

      197.740 [1973 c.482 §8; repealed by 1977 c.665 §24]

 

DEVELOPMENT IN URBAN GROWTH BOUNDARY

 

      197.746 Transitional housing accommodations. (1) Inside an urban growth boundary, a local government may authorize the establishment of transitional housing accommodations used as individual living units by one or more individuals. Use of transitional housing accommodations is limited to individuals who lack permanent or safe shelter and who cannot be placed in other low income housing. A local government may limit the maximum amount of time that an individual or a family may use the accommodations.

      (2) Transitional housing accommodations are intended to be used by individuals or families on a limited basis for seasonal, emergency or transitional housing purposes and may include yurts, huts, cabins, fabric structures, tents and similar accommodations, as well as areas in parking lots or facilities for individuals or families to reside overnight in a motor vehicle, without regard to whether the motor vehicle was designed for use as temporary living quarters. The transitional housing accommodations may provide parking facilities, walkways and access to water, toilet, shower, laundry, cooking, telephone or other services either through separate or shared facilities. The Oregon Health Authority may develop public health best practices for shared health and sanitation facilities for transitional housing accommodations.

      (3) Transitional housing accommodations are not subject to ORS chapter 90.

      (4) As used in this section, “yurt” means a round, domed tent of canvas or other weather resistant material, having a rigid framework, wooden floor, one or more windows or skylights and that may have plumbing, electrical service or heat. [Formerly 446.265]

 

      197.747 [1983 c.827 §14; 1989 c.761 §9; 1991 c.612 §18; 2009 c.873 §11; renumbered 197.627 in 2019]

 

      197.748 Conversion of hotel or motel to emergency shelter or affordable housing. (1) Except as provided in this section and notwithstanding any statewide land use planning goals or land use regulations, a local government shall unconditionally allow the conversion of the lawful use of a property:

      (a) From use as a hotel or motel, to use as an emergency shelter.

      (b) From use as a hotel or motel, or a hotel or motel that was converted to an emergency shelter under paragraph (a) of this subsection, to use as affordable housing.

      (2) This section applies only to areas:

      (a) Within an urban growth boundary;

      (b) Not designated by the local government as specifically for heavy industrial uses;

      (c) With adequate transportation access to commercial and medical services; and

      (d) Not within an area designated for a statewide land use planning goal relating to natural disasters or hazards, including flood plains or mapped environmental health hazards, unless the converted use complies with regulations directly related to the disasters or hazards.

      (3) A local government may require a converted use under this section to comply with:

      (a) Applicable building codes;

      (b) Occupancy limits; or

      (c) For uses under subsection (1)(b) of this section, reasonable standards relating to siting or design, if the standards do not, individually or cumulatively, prohibit the conversion through unreasonable costs or delay.

      (4) A conversion under this section is not a land use decision as defined in ORS 197.015.

      (5) A local government is not required to consider whether the conversion significantly affects an existing or planned transportation facility for the purposes of implementing a statewide land use planning goal relating to transportation.

      (6) As used in this section:

      (a) “Affordable housing” means housing in which all units are affordable to households with incomes equal to or less than 60 percent of the area median income as defined in ORS 458.610 and whose affordability is enforceable by an affordable housing covenant, as described in ORS 456.270 to 456.295, for a duration of no less than 30 years.

      (b) “Conversion” includes an alteration to a building that changes the number of units but does not expand the building footprint.

      (c) “Emergency shelter” means a building that provides shelter on a temporary basis for individuals and families who lack permanent housing.

      (d) “Lawful use” includes a nonconforming use as described in ORS 215.130 (6) or any other local land use regulation allowing for the continuation of a use that was lawful when first enacted. [2021 c.16 §2]

 

      197.750 [1973 c.482 §5; repealed by 1977 c.665 §24]

 

      197.752 Lands available for urban development. (1) Lands within urban growth boundaries shall be available for urban development concurrent with the provision of key urban facilities and services in accordance with locally adopted development standards.

      (2) Notwithstanding subsection (1) of this section, lands not needed for urban uses during the planning period may be designated for agricultural, forest or other nonurban uses. [1983 c.827 §19]

 

      197.754 Land identified for urban services; capital improvement plan; tax assessment. (1) A local government may identify land inside an urban growth boundary for which the local government intends to provide urban services within the next five to seven years. The local government may evidence its intent by adopting a capital improvement plan reasonably designed to provide the urban services.

      (2) A local government that identifies an area for planned urban services and adopts a capital improvement plan may zone the area for urban uses. A city that identifies land that is outside the city’s boundary but inside the urban growth boundary shall coordinate with the appropriate county to zone the area for urban uses.

      (3)(a) Land in an area zoned for urban uses under this section shall not be subject to additional taxes under ORS 308A.700 to 308A.733 if the land ceases to be used for farm use within the five years following the date the area is zoned for urban uses.

      (b) A lot or parcel in an area zoned for urban use under subsection (2) of this section shall not be assessed at its value for farm use under ORS 308A.050 to 308A.128 unless the lot or parcel was receiving the farm use assessment at the time the area was zoned for urban uses. [1999 c.503 §3; 2001 c.104 §68]

 

      197.755 [1973 c.482 §9; repealed by 1977 c.665 §24]

 

      197.756 Farm use assessment in area identified for urban services. (1) Upon the sale of a lot or parcel located inside an urban growth boundary that is assessed at its value for farm use under ORS 308A.050 to 308A.128, the lot or parcel shall be disqualified for farm use assessment if:

      (a) The lot or parcel is in an area identified for urban services under ORS 197.754; and

      (b) The urban services are available by ordinance for urbanization.

      (2) Disqualification under subsection (1) of this section shall not apply to the sale of a lot or parcel to the owner’s spouse, parent, stepparent, grandparent, sister, brother, daughter, son, stepchild or grandchild, or sale to a lessee of the owner if the lessee is conducting farm use as defined in ORS 215.203 on the lot or parcel at the time of sale. [1999 c.503 §6; 2001 c.104 §69]

 

      197.757 [1983 c.827 §13; renumbered 197.256 in 2021]

 

      197.758 [2019 c.639 §2; 2023 c.223 §20; 2023 c.283 §2; renumbered 197A.420 in 2023]

 

      197.760 [1973 c.482 §9a; repealed by 1977 c.665 §24]

 

      197.761 Development of residential platted lot. Within the urban growth boundary of a city with a population greater than 25,000, local governments shall allow, subject to reasonable local regulations relating to siting and design, the development of at least one dwelling unit on each platted lot that is zoned to allow for single-family dwellings, unless the local government determines that:

      (1) The lot cannot be adequately served by water, sewer, storm water drainage or streets, or will not be adequately served at the time that development on the lot is complete;

      (2) The lot contains a slope of 25 percent or greater;

      (3) The lot is within a 100-year floodplain; or

      (4) Development of the lot is constrained by land use regulations based on statewide land use planning goals relating to:

      (a) Natural disasters and hazards; or

      (b) Natural resources, including air, water, land, natural areas or open spaces, but not including historic resources. [2019 c.623 §2]

 

      197.762 [1987 c.729 §15; repealed by 1989 c.761 §10 (197.763 enacted in lieu of 197.762)]

 

      197.763 [1989 c.761 §10a (enacted in lieu of 197.762); 1991 c.817 §31; 1995 c.595 §2; 1997 c.763 §6; 1997 c.844 §2; 1999 c.533 §12; renumbered 197.797 in 2021]

 

      197.764 [1999 c.503 §1; 2001 c.104 §70; 2023 c.13 §88; renumbered 197A.215 in 2023]

 

      197.765 [1973 c.482 §2a; repealed by 1977 c.665 §24]

 

      197.766 [1999 c.503 §2; repealed by 2023 c.13 §89]

 

      197.767 [1987 c.729 §4; repealed by 1989 c.837 §34]

 

MISCELLANEOUS

 

      197.768 Local government or special district adoption of public facilities strategy; public hearing; written findings. (1) As used in this section, “special district” has the meaning given that term in ORS 197.505.

      (2)(a) A local government or special district may adopt a public facilities strategy if the public facilities strategy:

      (A)(i) Is acknowledged under ORS 197.251; or

      (ii) Is approved by the Land Conservation and Development Commission under ORS 197.628 to 197.651; and

      (B) Meets the requirements of this section.

      (b) If a special district seeks to implement a public facilities strategy, that special district is considered a local government for the purposes of ORS 197.251 and 197.628 to 197.651.

      (3) A local government or special district may adopt a public facilities strategy only if the local government or special district:

      (a) Makes written findings justifying the need for the public facilities strategy;

      (b) Holds a public hearing on the adoption of a public facilities strategy and the findings that support the adoption of the public facilities strategy; and

      (c) Provides written notice to the Department of Land Conservation and Development at least 45 days prior to the final public hearing that is held to consider the adoption of the public facilities strategy.

      (4) At a minimum, the findings under subsection (3) of this section must demonstrate that:

      (a) There is a rapid increase in the rate or intensity of land development in a specific geographic area that was unanticipated at the time the original planning for that area was adopted or there has been a natural disaster or other catastrophic event in a specific geographic area;

      (b) The total land development expected within the specific geographic area will exceed the planned or existing capacity of public facilities; and

      (c) The public facilities strategy is structured to ensure that the necessary supply of housing and commercial and industrial facilities that will be impacted within the relevant geographic area is not unreasonably restricted by the adoption of the public facilities strategy.

      (5) A public facilities strategy shall include a clear, objective and detailed description of actions and practices a local government or special district may engage in to control the time and sequence of development approvals in response to the identified deficiencies in public facilities.

      (6) A public facilities strategy shall be effective for no more than 24 months after the date on which it is adopted, but may be extended, subject to subsection (7) of this section, provided the local government or special district adopting the public facilities strategy holds a public hearing on the proposed extension and adopts written findings that:

      (a) Verify that the problem giving rise to the need for a public facilities strategy still exists;

      (b) Demonstrate that reasonable progress is being made to alleviate the problem giving rise to the need for a public facilities strategy; and

      (c) Set a specific duration for the extension of the public facilities strategy.

      (7)(a) A local government or special district considering an extension of a public facilities strategy shall give the department notice at least 14 days prior to the date of the public hearing on the extension.

      (b) A single extension may not exceed one year, and a public facilities strategy may not be extended more than three times. [1995 c.463 §5; 2001 c.557 §1]

 

      197.770 Firearms training facilities. (1) Any firearms training facility in existence on September 9, 1995, shall be allowed to continue operating until such time as the facility is no longer used as a firearms training facility.

      (2) For purposes of this section, a “firearms training facility” is an indoor or outdoor facility that provides training courses and issues certifications required:

      (a) For law enforcement personnel;

      (b) By the State Department of Fish and Wildlife; or

      (c) By nationally recognized programs that promote shooting matches, target shooting and safety. [1995 c.475 §2]

 

      197.772 Historic property; consent for designation; portable cooling devices allowed. (1) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a local government shall allow a property owner to refuse to consent to any form of historic property designation at any point during the designation process. Such refusal to consent shall remove the property from any form of consideration for historic property designation under ORS 358.480 to 358.545 or other law, except for consideration or nomination to the National Register of Historic Places pursuant to the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, as amended (54 U.S.C. 300101 et seq.).

      (2) A permit for the demolition or modification of property removed from consideration for historic property designation under subsection (1) of this section may not be issued during the 120-day period following the date of the property owner’s refusal to consent.

      (3) A local government shall allow a property owner to remove from the property a historic property designation that was imposed on the property by the local government.

      (4) A local government may not enforce any ordinance or design regulation restricting the use of a portable cooling device, as defined in ORS 90.355 (1), based on a historic property designation for property used as a residential tenancy, unless:

      (a) The restriction is necessary to protect or prohibit the removal of historical architectural features of the property; or

      (b) The restriction only requires that the device be removed from October 1 through April 30. [1995 c.693 §21; 2001 c.540 §19; 2021 c.97 §18; 2022 c.86 §5]

 

      Note: Section 6 (4), chapter 86, Oregon Laws 2022, provides:

      Sec. 6. (4) The amendments to ORS 197.772 by section 5 of this 2022 Act apply to ordinances and design regulations adopted by a local government before, on or after the effective date of this 2022 Act [March 23, 2022]. [2022 c.86 §6(4)]

 

      197.775 [1973 c.482 §11; repealed by 1977 c.665 §24]

 

      197.779 [2019 c.640 §15; repealed by 2021 c.385 §6]

 

      197.780 [1973 c.482 §12; repealed by 1977 c.665 §24]

 

      197.782 Emergency shelters developed under temporary authorization. (1) As used in this section, “emergency shelter” means a building or cluster of buildings that provides shelter on a temporary basis for individuals and families who lack permanent housing.

      (2) A building or cluster of buildings used as an emergency shelter under an approval granted under ORS 197.783 or section 11, chapter 12, Oregon Laws 2020 (first special session):

      (a) May resume its use as an emergency shelter after an interruption or abandonment of that use for two years or less, notwithstanding ORS 215.130 (7).

      (b) May not be used for any purpose other than as an emergency shelter except upon application for a permit demonstrating that the construction of the building and its use could be approved under current land use laws and local land use regulations.

      (3) An approval of an emergency shelter under ORS 197.783 or section 11, chapter 12, Oregon Laws 2020 (first special session), is void unless the shelter is operating within two years following the approval. [2021 c.18 §2]

 

      197.783 Local approval of emergency shelters; process; limitations. (1) A local government shall approve an application for the development or use of land for an emergency shelter, as defined in ORS 197.782, on any property, notwithstanding this chapter or ORS chapter 195, 197A, 215 or 227 or any statewide land use planning goal, rule of the Land Conservation and Development Commission or local land use regulation, zoning ordinance, regional framework plan, functional plan or comprehensive plan, if the emergency shelter:

      (a) Includes sleeping and restroom facilities for clients;

      (b) Will comply with applicable building codes;

      (c) Is located inside an urban growth boundary or in an area zoned for rural residential use as defined in ORS 215.501;

      (d) Will not result in the development of a new building that is sited within an area designated under a statewide planning goal relating to natural disasters and hazards, including flood plains or mapped environmental health hazards, unless the development complies with regulations directly related to the hazard;

      (e) Has adequate transportation access to commercial and medical services; and

      (f) Will not pose any unreasonable risk to public health or safety.

      (2) An emergency shelter allowed under this section must be operated by:

      (a) A local government as defined in ORS 174.116;

      (b) An organization with at least two years’ experience operating an emergency shelter using best practices that is:

      (A) A local housing authority as defined in ORS 456.375;

      (B) A religious corporation as defined in ORS 65.001; or

      (C) A public benefit corporation, as defined in ORS 65.001, whose charitable purpose includes the support of homeless individuals, that has been recognized as exempt from income tax under section 501(a) of the Internal Revenue Code for at least three years before the date of the application for a shelter; or

      (c) A nonprofit corporation partnering with any other entity described in this subsection.

      (3) An emergency shelter approved under this section:

      (a) May provide on-site for its clients and at no cost to the clients:

      (A) Showering or bathing;

      (B) Storage for personal property;

      (C) Laundry facilities;

      (D) Service of food prepared on-site or off-site;

      (E) Recreation areas for children and pets;

      (F) Case management services for housing, financial, vocational, educational or physical or behavioral health care services; or

      (G) Any other services incidental to shelter.

      (b) May include youth shelters, winter or warming shelters, day shelters and family violence shelter homes as defined in ORS 409.290.

      (4) An emergency shelter approved under this section may also provide additional services not described in subsection (3) of this section to individuals who are transitioning from unsheltered homeless status. An organization providing services under this subsection may charge a fee of no more than $300 per month per client and only to clients who are financially able to pay the fee and who request the services.

      (5)(a) The approval or denial of an emergency shelter under this section may be made without a hearing. Whether or not a hearing is held, the approval or denial is not a land use decision and is subject to review only under ORS 34.010 to 34.100.

      (b) A reviewing court shall award attorney fees to:

      (A) A local government, and any intervening applicant, that prevails on the appeal of a local government’s approval; and

      (B) An applicant that prevails on an appeal of a local government’s denial.

      (6) An application for an emergency shelter is not subject to approval under this section if, at the time of filing, the most recently completed point-in-time count, as reported to the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development under 24 C.F.R. part 578, indicated that the total sheltered and unsheltered homeless population was less than 0.18 percent of the state population, based on the latest estimate from the Portland State University Population Research Center. [2021 c.18 §3; 2023 c.223 §7]

 

      197.785 [1973 c.482 §13; repealed by 1977 c.665 §24]

 

      197.790 [1973 c.482 §14; repealed by 1977 c.665 §24]

 

      197.791 Inventory of local government surplus real property; report. (1) As used in this section:

      (a) “Local government” means a city or county.

      (b) “Surplus real property” means real property in which a government entity holds title through a deed or other legal instrument that is no longer suitable or needed for the duties and responsibilities of the government entity.

      (2) The Department of Land Conservation and Development shall develop and implement an electronic system for receiving and displaying inventory information described in subsection (3) of this section. The electronic system must be a web-based or online system that allows:

      (a) Government entities to upload inventories described in subsection (3) of this section using a template developed by the department; and

      (b) The general public to search and view information stored by the system.

      (3)(a) No later than January 1 of each even-numbered year, each local government shall prepare and submit to the department, using the system developed under subsection (2) of this section, an inventory of surplus real property owned by the local government that is:

      (A) Located inside an urban growth boundary; or

      (B) Located in an area zoned for rural residential use as defined in ORS 215.501.

      (b) A mass transit district established under ORS 267.010 to 267.394 or a transportation district organized under ORS 267.510 to 267.650 may submit to the department an inventory of surplus real property owned by the district as described in paragraph (a) of this subsection.

      (4) Nothing in this section requires the department to verify the accuracy of information received by the department using the system developed under subsection (2) of this section before making the information available to the public.

      (5) No later than February 1 of each even-numbered year, the department shall present the information received by the department under subsection (3) of this section in a report to the interim committees of the Legislative Assembly related to housing in the manner provided under ORS 192.245. [2021 c.624 §1]

 

      Note: 197.791 was enacted into law by the Legislative Assembly but was not added to or made a part of ORS chapter 197 or any series therein by legislative action. See Preface to Oregon Revised Statutes for further explanation.

 

      197.794 Notice to railroad company upon certain applications for land use decision, limited land use decision or expedited land use decision. (1) As used in this section, “railroad company” has the meaning given that term in ORS 824.200.

      (2) If a railroad-highway crossing provides or will provide the only access to land that is the subject of an application for a land use decision, a limited land use decision or an expedited land division, the applicant must indicate that fact in the application submitted to the decision maker.

      (3) The decision maker shall provide notice to the Department of Transportation and the railroad company whenever the decision maker receives the information described under subsection (2) of this section. [2003 c.145 §2]

 

      197.795 [1973 c.482 §10; repealed by 1977 c.665 §24]

 

      197.796 Applicant for certain land use decisions may accept and appeal condition imposed on application; procedure; attorney fees. (1) An applicant for a land use decision, limited land use decision or expedited land division or for a permit under ORS 215.427 or 227.178 may accept a condition of approval imposed under ORS 215.416 or 227.175 and file a challenge to the condition under this section. Acceptance by an applicant for a land use decision, limited land use decision, expedited land division or permit under ORS 215.427 or 227.178 of a condition of approval imposed under ORS 215.416 or 227.175 does not constitute a waiver of the right to challenge the condition of approval. Acceptance of a condition may include but is not limited to paying a fee, performing an act or providing satisfactory evidence of arrangements to pay the fee or to ensure compliance with the condition.

      (2) Any action for damages under this section shall be filed in the circuit court of the county in which the application was submitted within 180 days of the date of the decision.

      (3)(a) A challenge filed pursuant to this section may not be dismissed on the basis that the applicant did not request a variance to the condition of approval or any other available form of reconsideration of the challenged condition. However, an applicant shall comply with ORS 197.797 (1) prior to appealing to the Land Use Board of Appeals or bringing an action for damages in circuit court and must exhaust all local appeals provided in the local comprehensive plan and land use regulations before proceeding under this section.

      (b) In addition to the requirements of ORS 197.797 (5), at the commencement of the initial public hearing, a statement shall be made to the applicant that the failure of the applicant to raise constitutional or other issues relating to proposed conditions of approval with sufficient specificity to allow the local government or its designee to respond to the issue precludes an action for damages in circuit court.

      (c) An applicant is not required to raise an issue under this subsection unless the condition of approval is stated with sufficient specificity to enable the applicant to respond to the condition prior to the close of the final local hearing.

      (4) In any challenge to a condition of approval that is subject to the Takings Clause of the Fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution, the local government shall have the burden of demonstrating compliance with the constitutional requirements for imposing the condition.

      (5) In a proceeding in circuit court under this section, the court shall award costs and reasonable attorney fees to a prevailing party. Notwithstanding ORS 197.830 (15), in a proceeding before the Land Use Board of Appeals under this section, the board shall award costs and reasonable attorney fees to a prevailing party.

      (6) This section applies to appeals by the applicant of a condition of approval and claims filed in state court seeking damages for the unlawful imposition of conditions of approval in a land use decision, limited land use decision, expedited land division or permit under ORS 215.427 or 227.178. [1999 c.1014 §5]

 

      197.797 Local quasi-judicial land use hearings; notice requirements; hearing procedures. The following procedures shall govern the conduct of quasi-judicial land use hearings conducted before a local governing body, planning commission, hearings body or hearings officer on application for a land use decision and shall be incorporated into the comprehensive plan and land use regulations:

      (1) An issue which may be the basis for an appeal to the Land Use Board of Appeals shall be raised not later than the close of the record at or following the final evidentiary hearing on the proposal before the local government. Such issues shall be raised and accompanied by statements or evidence sufficient to afford the governing body, planning commission, hearings body or hearings officer, and the parties an adequate opportunity to respond to each issue.

      (2)(a) Notice of the hearings governed by this section shall be provided to the applicant and to owners of record of property on the most recent property tax assessment roll where such property is located:

      (A) Within 100 feet of the property which is the subject of the notice where the subject property is wholly or in part within an urban growth boundary;

      (B) Within 250 feet of the property which is the subject of the notice where the subject property is outside an urban growth boundary and not within a farm or forest zone; or

      (C) Within 500 feet of the property which is the subject of the notice where the subject property is within a farm or forest zone.

      (b) Notice shall also be provided to any neighborhood or community organization recognized by the governing body and whose boundaries include the site.

      (c) At the discretion of the applicant, the local government also shall provide notice to the Department of Land Conservation and Development.

      (3) The notice provided by the jurisdiction shall:

      (a) Explain the nature of the application and the proposed use or uses which could be authorized;

      (b) List the applicable criteria from the ordinance and the plan that apply to the application at issue;

      (c) Set forth the street address or other easily understood geographical reference to the subject property;

      (d) State the date, time and location of the hearing;

      (e) State that failure of an issue to be raised in a hearing, in person or by letter, or failure to provide statements or evidence sufficient to afford the decision maker an opportunity to respond to the issue precludes appeal to the board based on that issue;

      (f) Be mailed at least:

      (A) Twenty days before the evidentiary hearing; or

      (B) If two or more evidentiary hearings are allowed, 10 days before the first evidentiary hearing;

      (g) Include the name of a local government representative to contact and the telephone number where additional information may be obtained;

      (h) State that a copy of the application, all documents and evidence submitted by or on behalf of the applicant and applicable criteria are available for inspection at no cost and will be provided at reasonable cost;

      (i) State that a copy of the staff report will be available for inspection at no cost at least seven days prior to the hearing and will be provided at reasonable cost; and

      (j) Include a general explanation of the requirements for submission of testimony and the procedure for conduct of hearings.

      (4)(a) All documents or evidence relied upon by the applicant shall be submitted to the local government and be made available to the public.

      (b) Any staff report used at the hearing shall be available at least seven days prior to the hearing. If additional documents or evidence are provided by any party, the local government may allow a continuance or leave the record open to allow the parties a reasonable opportunity to respond. Any continuance or extension of the record requested by an applicant shall result in a corresponding extension of the time limitations of ORS 215.427 or 227.178 and ORS 215.429 or 227.179.

      (5) At the commencement of a hearing under a comprehensive plan or land use regulation, a statement shall be made to those in attendance that:

      (a) Lists the applicable substantive criteria;

      (b) States that testimony, arguments and evidence must be directed toward the criteria described in paragraph (a) of this subsection or other criteria in the plan or land use regulation which the person believes to apply to the decision; and

      (c) States that failure to raise an issue accompanied by statements or evidence sufficient to afford the decision maker and the parties an opportunity to respond to the issue precludes appeal to the board based on that issue.

      (6)(a) Prior to the conclusion of the initial evidentiary hearing, any participant may request an opportunity to present additional evidence, arguments or testimony regarding the application. The local hearings authority shall grant such request by continuing the public hearing pursuant to paragraph (b) of this subsection or leaving the record open for additional written evidence, arguments or testimony pursuant to paragraph (c) of this subsection.

      (b) If the hearings authority grants a continuance, the hearing shall be continued to a date, time and place certain at least seven days from the date of the initial evidentiary hearing. An opportunity shall be provided at the continued hearing for persons to present and rebut new evidence, arguments or testimony. If new written evidence is submitted at the continued hearing, any person may request, prior to the conclusion of the continued hearing, that the record be left open for at least seven days to submit additional written evidence, arguments or testimony for the purpose of responding to the new written evidence.

      (c) If the hearings authority leaves the record open for additional written evidence, arguments or testimony, the record shall be left open for at least seven days. Any participant may file a written request with the local government for an opportunity to respond to new evidence submitted during the period the record was left open. If such a request is filed, the hearings authority shall reopen the record pursuant to subsection (7) of this section.

      (d) A continuance or extension granted pursuant to this section shall be subject to the limitations of ORS 215.427 or 227.178 and ORS 215.429 or 227.179, unless the continuance or extension is requested or agreed to by the applicant.

      (e) Unless waived by the applicant, the local government shall allow the applicant at least seven days after the record is closed to all other parties to submit final written arguments in support of the application. The applicant’s final submittal shall be considered part of the record, but shall not include any new evidence. This seven-day period shall not be subject to the limitations of ORS 215.427 or 227.178 and ORS 215.429 or 227.179.

      (7) When a local governing body, planning commission, hearings body or hearings officer reopens a record to admit new evidence, arguments or testimony, any person may raise new issues which relate to the new evidence, arguments, testimony or criteria for decision-making which apply to the matter at issue.

      (8) The failure of the property owner to receive notice as provided in this section shall not invalidate such proceedings if the local government can demonstrate by affidavit that such notice was given. The notice provisions of this section shall not restrict the giving of notice by other means, including posting, newspaper publication, radio and television.

      (9) For purposes of this section:

      (a) “Argument” means assertions and analysis regarding the satisfaction or violation of legal standards or policy believed relevant by the proponent to a decision. “Argument” does not include facts.

      (b) “Evidence” means facts, documents, data or other information offered to demonstrate compliance or noncompliance with the standards believed by the proponent to be relevant to the decision. [Formerly 197.763]

 

      197.798 Rules regulating transportation improvements by city or county. (1) As used in this section, “transportation facility” means any physical facility that moves or assists in the movement of people or goods.

      (2) The Land Conservation and Development Commission shall adopt rules or amend existing rules as necessary to allow a city or county to propose transportation improvements located outside of that city or county when the city or county is considering an amendment to a functional plan, comprehensive plan or land use regulation and the amendment would significantly affect a transportation facility within the city or county.

      (3) A city or county may use highway mobility targets established for a highway corridor by the Department of Transportation’s Oregon Highway Plan as the basis for proposing transportation improvements located outside of that city or county. [2015 c.280 §1]

 

      Note: 197.798 was enacted into law by the Legislative Assembly but was not added to or made a part of ORS chapter 197 or any series therein by legislative action. See Preface to Oregon Revised Statutes for further explanation.

 

LAND USE BOARD OF APPEALS

 

      197.805 Policy on review of land use decisions. It is the policy of the Legislative Assembly that time is of the essence in reaching final decisions in matters involving land use and that those decisions be made consistently with sound principles governing judicial review. It is the intent of the Legislative Assembly in enacting ORS 197.805 to 197.855 to accomplish these objectives. [1979 c.772 §1a; 1983 c.827 §28]

 

      197.810 Land Use Board of Appeals; appointment and removal of members; qualifications. (1) There is hereby created a Land Use Board of Appeals consisting of not more than three positions. Board members shall be appointed by the Governor subject to confirmation by the Senate in the manner provided in ORS 171.562 and 171.565. The board shall consist of a board chairperson chosen by the board members and such other board members as the Governor considers necessary. The members of the board shall serve terms of four years. A member is eligible for reappointment. The salaries of the members shall be fixed by the Governor unless otherwise provided for by law. The salary of a member of the board shall not be reduced during the period of service of the member.

      (2) The Governor may at any time remove any member of the board for inefficiency, incompetence, neglect of duty, malfeasance in office or unfitness to render effective service. Before such removal the Governor shall give the member a copy of the charges against the member and shall fix the time when the member can be heard in defense against the charges, which shall not be less than 10 days thereafter. The hearing shall be open to the public and shall be conducted in the same manner as a contested case under ORS chapter 183. The decision of the Governor to remove a member of the board shall be subject to judicial review in the same manner as provided for review of contested cases under ORS 183.480 to 183.540.

      (3) Board members appointed under subsection (1) of this section shall be members in good standing of the Oregon State Bar. [1979 c.772 §2; 1983 c.827 §28a; 1997 c.436 §1; 1999 c.257 §1]

 

      197.815 Office location; proceedings may be conducted by telephone. (1) The principal office of the Land Use Board of Appeals shall be in the state capital, but the board may hold hearings in any county or city in order to provide reasonable opportunities to parties to appear before the board with as little inconvenience and expense as is practicable. Upon request of the board, the county or city governing body shall provide the board with suitable rooms for hearings held in that city or county.

      (2) For the convenience of one or more of the parties, the board may hold hearings by telephone. [1983 c.827 §29; 1999 c.257 §2]

 

      197.820 Duty to conduct review proceedings; authority to issue orders; rules. (1) The Land Use Board of Appeals shall conduct review proceedings upon petitions filed in the manner prescribed in ORS 197.830.

      (2) In conducting review proceedings the members of the board may sit together or separately as the board chairperson shall decide.

      (3) The board chairperson shall apportion the business of the board among the members of the board. Each member shall have the power to hear and issue orders on petitions filed with the board and on all issues arising under those petitions.

      (4) The board shall adopt rules governing:

      (a) The conduct of review proceedings brought before it under ORS 197.830 to 197.845.

      (b) The transfer of a matter to the board by the Director of the Department of Land Conservation and Development under ORS 197.825 (2)(c). [1979 c.772 §2a; 1983 c.827 §28b; 1997 c.436 §2; 1999 c.257 §3; 2005 c.245 §2; 2005 c.829 §11]

 

      197.825 Jurisdiction of board; limitations; effect on circuit court jurisdiction. (1) Except as provided in ORS 197.320 and subsections (2) and (3) of this section, the Land Use Board of Appeals shall have exclusive jurisdiction to review any land use decision or limited land use decision of a local government, special district or a state agency in the manner provided in ORS 197.830 to 197.845.

      (2) The jurisdiction of the board:

      (a) Is limited to those cases in which the petitioner has exhausted all remedies available by right before petitioning the board for review;

      (b) Is subject to the provisions of ORS 197.850 relating to judicial review by the Court of Appeals;

      (c) Does not include a local government decision that is:

      (A) Submitted to the Department of Land Conservation and Development for acknowledgment under ORS 197.251, 197.626 or 197.628 to 197.651 or a matter arising out of a local government decision submitted to the department for acknowledgment, unless the Director of the Department of Land Conservation and Development, in the director’s sole discretion, transfers the matter to the board; or

      (B) Subject to the review authority of the department under ORS 197.412, 197.445, 197.450 or 197.455 or a matter related to a local government decision subject to the review authority of the department under ORS 197.412, 197.445, 197.450 or 197.455;

      (d) Does not include those land use decisions of a state agency over which the Court of Appeals has jurisdiction for initial judicial review under ORS 183.400, 183.482 or other statutory provisions;

      (e) Does not include any rules, programs, decisions, determinations or activities carried out under ORS 527.610 to 527.770, 527.990 (1) and 527.992;

      (f) Is subject to ORS 196.115 for any county land use decision that may be reviewed by the Columbia River Gorge Commission pursuant to sections 10(c) or 15(a)(2) of the Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area Act, P.L. 99-663; and

      (g) Does not include review of expedited land divisions under ORS 197.360.

      (3) Notwithstanding subsection (1) of this section, the circuit courts of this state retain jurisdiction:

      (a) To grant declaratory, injunctive or mandatory relief in proceedings arising from decisions described in ORS 197.015 (10)(b) or proceedings brought to enforce the provisions of an adopted comprehensive plan or land use regulations; and

      (b) To enforce orders of the board in appropriate proceedings brought by the board or a party to the board proceeding resulting in the order. [1983 c.827 §30; 1987 c.729 §14; 1987 c.856 §9; 1987 c.919 §4; 1989 c.761 §11; 1991 c.817 §4; 1995 c.595 §26; 1999 c.348 §16; 2005 c.22 §146; 2005 c.245 §1; 2005 c.829 §10; 2007 c.354 §30]

 

      197.828 Board review of limited land use decision. (1) The Land Use Board of Appeals shall either reverse, remand or affirm a limited land use decision on review.

      (2) The board shall reverse or remand a limited land use decision if:

      (a) The decision is not supported by substantial evidence in the record. The existence of evidence in the record supporting a different decision shall not be grounds for reversal or remand if there is evidence in the record to support the final decision;

      (b) The decision does not comply with applicable provisions of the land use regulations;

      (c) The decision is:

      (A) Outside the scope of authority of the decision maker; or

      (B) Unconstitutional; or

      (d) The local government committed a procedural error which prejudiced the substantial rights of the petitioner. [1991 c.817 §2]

 

      197.829 Board to affirm certain local government interpretations. (1) The Land Use Board of Appeals shall affirm a local government’s interpretation of its comprehensive plan and land use regulations, unless the board determines that the local government’s interpretation:

      (a) Is inconsistent with the express language of the comprehensive plan or land use regulation;

      (b) Is inconsistent with the purpose for the comprehensive plan or land use regulation;

      (c) Is inconsistent with the underlying policy that provides the basis for the comprehensive plan or land use regulation; or

      (d) Is contrary to a state statute, land use goal or rule that the comprehensive plan provision or land use regulation implements.

      (2) If a local government fails to interpret a provision of its comprehensive plan or land use regulations, or if such interpretation is inadequate for review, the board may make its own determination of whether the local government decision is correct. [1993 c.792 §43; 1995 c.595 §4]

 

      197.830 Review procedures; standing; fees; deadlines; rules; issues subject to review; attorney fees and costs; publication of orders; mediation; tracking of reviews. (1) Review of land use decisions or limited land use decisions under ORS 197.830 to 197.845 shall be commenced by filing a notice of intent to appeal with the Land Use Board of Appeals.

      (2) Except as provided in ORS 197.620, a person may petition the board for review of a land use decision or limited land use decision if the person:

      (a) Filed a notice of intent to appeal the decision as provided in subsection (1) of this section; and

      (b) Appeared before the local government, special district or state agency orally or in writing.

      (3) If a local government makes a land use decision without providing a hearing, except as provided under ORS 215.416 (11) or 227.175 (10), or the local government makes a land use decision that is different from the proposal described in the notice of hearing to such a degree that the notice of the proposed action did not reasonably describe the local government’s final actions, a person adversely affected by the decision may appeal the decision to the board under this section:

      (a) Within 21 days of actual notice where notice is required; or

      (b) Within 21 days of the date a person knew or should have known of the decision where no notice is required.

      (4) If a local government makes a land use decision without a hearing pursuant to ORS 215.416 (11) or 227.175 (10):

      (a) A person who was not provided notice of the decision as required under ORS 215.416 (11)(c) or 227.175 (10)(c) may appeal the decision to the board under this section within 21 days of receiving actual notice of the decision.

      (b) A person who is not entitled to notice under ORS 215.416 (11)(c) or 227.175 (10)(c) but who is adversely affected or aggrieved by the decision may appeal the decision to the board under this section within 21 days after the expiration of the period for filing a local appeal of the decision established by the local government under ORS 215.416 (11)(a) or 227.175 (10)(a).

      (c) A person who receives notice of a decision made without a hearing under ORS 215.416 (11) or 227.175 (10) may appeal the decision to the board under this section within 21 days of receiving actual notice of the nature of the decision, if the notice of the decision did not reasonably describe the nature of the decision.

      (d) Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this subsection, a person who receives notice of a decision made without a hearing under ORS 215.416 (11) or 227.175 (10) may not appeal the decision to the board under this section.

      (5) If a local government makes a limited land use decision which is different from the proposal described in the notice to such a degree that the notice of the proposed action did not reasonably describe the local government’s final actions, a person adversely affected by the decision may appeal the decision to the board under this section:

      (a) Within 21 days of actual notice where notice is required; or

      (b) Within 21 days of the date a person knew or should have known of the decision where no notice is required.

      (6) The appeal periods described in subsections (3), (4) and (5) of this section:

      (a) May not exceed three years after the date of the decision, except as provided in paragraph (b) of this subsection.

      (b) May not exceed 10 years after the date of the decision if notice of a hearing or an administrative decision made pursuant to ORS 197.195 or 197.797 is required but has not been provided.

      (7)(a) Within 21 days after a notice of intent to appeal has been filed with the board under subsection (1) of this section, any person described in paragraph (b) of this subsection may intervene in and be made a party to the review proceeding by filing a motion to intervene and by paying a filing fee of $100.

      (b) Persons who may intervene in and be made a party to the review proceedings, as set forth in subsection (1) of this section, are:

      (A) The applicant who initiated the action before the local government, special district or state agency; or

      (B) Persons who appeared before the local government, special district or state agency, orally or in writing.

      (c) Failure to comply with the deadline or to pay the filing fee set forth in paragraph (a) of this subsection shall result in denial of a motion to intervene.

      (8) If a state agency whose order, rule, ruling, policy or other action is at issue is not a party to the proceeding, it may file a brief with the board as if it were a party. The brief shall be due on the same date the respondent’s brief is due and shall be accompanied by a filing fee of $100.

      (9) A notice of intent to appeal a land use decision or limited land use decision shall be filed not later than 21 days after the date the decision sought to be reviewed becomes final. A notice of intent to appeal plan and land use regulation amendments processed pursuant to ORS 197.610 to 197.625 shall be filed not later than 21 days after notice of the decision sought to be reviewed is mailed or otherwise submitted to parties entitled to notice under ORS 197.615. Failure to include a statement identifying when, how and to whom notice was provided under ORS 197.615 does not render the notice defective. Copies of the notice of intent to appeal shall be served upon the local government, special district or state agency and the applicant of record, if any, in the local government, special district or state agency proceeding. The notice shall be served and filed in the form and manner prescribed by rule of the board and shall be accompanied by a filing fee of $300. If a petition for review is not filed with the board as required in subsections (10) and (11) of this section, the board shall award the filing fee to the local government, special district or state agency.

      (10)(a) Within 21 days after service of the notice of intent to appeal, the local government, special district or state agency shall transmit to the board the original or a certified copy of the entire record of the proceeding under review. By stipulation of all parties to the review proceeding the r