Prior to Euro-American settlement, American Indian tribes lived all over the state for thousands of years.
Discover more about pre-Columbian Oregon.
Oregon’s first land laws paved the way for emigration of white settlers along the famous Oregon Trail.
Discover more about Oregon’s territorial period.
Once Oregon became a state, officials moved its capital from Oregon City to Salem, and faced many of the same legal issues faced by the federal government. Notably, the Oregon's Legislature struggled with land laws, labor issues, and women’s suffrage.
Discover more about Oregon from statehood to World War II.
After World War II, the state established a number of laws that have become models for other states. The Bicycle Bill, the Beach Bill, the Oregon Land Conservation and Development Act of 1973, and the Bottle Bill are all considered landmark legislation.
Discover more about the laws affecting you today.
The Capitol History Gateway is a project of the Oregon State Capitol Foundation.Click here for more information about the Foundation.
For more information, call Visitor Services at 503-986-1388.
Oregon's bicycle law requires that each year a minimum of 1 percent of state highway funds be used to provide walkways and bikeways.
"Along with wheat and forest products, laws are one of the major exports of Oregon."
— Robert Cantwell,
Sports Illustrated, May 26, 1975.